Calendar overview 1312
|Clement V abolishes the Knights Templar at the Council of Vienne under pressure from King Philip the Fair of France .|
|1312 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||760/761 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Pipes - Ce Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 13th Rabbit - Matlactli omey Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1855/56 (southern Buddhism); 1854/55 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||674/675 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||711/712 (turn of the year 8/9 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5072/73 (September 1st and 2nd)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1622/23 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1623/24 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1368/69|
Politics and world events
Henry VII's move to Italy
- February: Henry VII begins his Italian expedition and goes by sea to Pisa , which is currently in conflict with Florence . There he was welcomed very warmly at the beginning of March, as he had imposed the Reichsbann on the Arno city at the end of the previous year . Heinrich holds a court day in Pisa . At the end of April he moves on towards Rome in an attempt to renovatio imperii .
- Beginning of May: Henry VII reaches Rome, where his Guelfish -minded opponents, under the leadership of Robert von Anjou and the Orsini family, block his way to St. Peter's Basilica . Fierce fighting broke out, culminating on June 26th .
- June 29 :. Henry VII is despite continuing resistance in Rome for Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire crowned. The three cardinals present in Rome , including Nicholas of Prato , who is friendly to the emperor , want to wait for news from Pope Clement V from Avignon . However, when the mood in the city became increasingly irritable and there was unrest in the vicinity of the papal delegation, they were forced to act. The imperial coronation takes place in St. Peter in Lateran .
- July: Henry VII concludes an alliance directed against Robert of Anjou with King Frederick II of Sicily . He also gives instructions to Genoa and Pisa to provide troops.
- Summer: Pope Clement V forbids the emperor to attack the Kingdom of Naples .
- End of August: Heinrich leaves Rome and goes to Arezzo to prepare an attack on Florence . In September, however, he fell ill with malaria and had to call off the siege of the city. However, he had the city of Poggibonsi , which was destroyed by the Florentines, rebuilt under the name of Monte Imperiale .
Further events in the empire
- April 14th : Friedrich the Freidige , Margrave of Meissen , signs the Treaty of Tangermünde after his capture with Hayn , in which he promises to pay Margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg 32,000 marks in silver within three days. In addition, he ceded the Mark Lausitz , the land between the Elbe and Elster (Osterland), and the cities of Hayn and Torgau to the Brandenburger. He also pledged the cities of Leipzig , Oschatz , Grimma and Geithain .
- June 15 : In the Battle of Rozhanovce in Hungary , King Charles I of the House of Anjou , supported by troops of the Spiš Saxons, Johanniter and the city of Kaschau, wins over the House of Aba , which de facto controls the northeastern part of the kingdom, supported by Matthew Csák , who rules northern Hungary .
- The battle of Gallipoli between the Byzantine Empire and the allied Serbian Kingdom against the Turkopolans under Halil Pasha ends with a victory for the Byzantines.
- The pro-German Cracow uprising of Bailiff Albert is put down.
- September 29 : Ingebjørg Håkonsdatter , daughter of King Haakon V of Norway , marries Erik Magnusson , brother of the Swedish King Birger . Their son Magnus Eriksson becomes King of Sweden and Norway, which loses its independence by 1814.
Voyages of discovery
- The Genoese Lancelotto Malocello lands on the Canary Island of Lanzarote . It is unclear whether he will be the first European on the island.
First documentary mentions
- First documentary mention of Emlichheim , Gaiberg , Gsteig bei Gstaad and Meinisberg .
- Rügenwalde receives Luebian law .
Culture and society
- Work on the Nequambuch , a book of eight and oaths for the city of Soest , begins. The colored miniatures on medieval criminal and legal practice are remarkable .
- March 22nd : Pope Clement V revokes the Knights Templar at the Council of Vienne under pressure from King Philip the Fair of France .
- May 2nd : In the Bull Ad providam of Pope Clement V, the goods of the dissolved Knights Templar are entrusted to the Order of the Hospital of St. John in Jerusalem . However, the decision does not apply in Portugal , Castile , Aragon and Mallorca , whose regents tend to protect the Templars. In 1319, Portuguese ownership was finally given to the Order of Christ , which had already been founded .
- December 18 : In the bull Licet dudum , Pope Clement V stipulates that the privileges of the forbidden Templar order are to be transferred to the order of the Hospital of St. John in Jerusalem .
- The women's order of the beguines is banned.
Date of birth saved
- January 8 : James Audley , English magnate († 1386 )
- January 26 : Wikbold Dobilstein , Bishop of Kulm († 1398 )
- September 17 : William de Burgh , Irish nobleman († 1333 )
- November 13 : Edward III. , King of England († 1377 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- John de Vere , English magnate and military man († 1360 )
- Henry XV. , Duke of Bavaria († 1333 )
- Humbert II , Archbishop of Reims († 1355 )
- Sönam Gyeltshen , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1375 )
- Zanobi da Strada , Italian poet and humanist († 1361 )
- Guillaume Tirel , head chef of King Charles V of France († 1395 )
- Wilhelm II , Duke of Athens and Neopatria († 1338 )
Born around 1312
First half of the year
- January 9th : Friedrich von Boizenburg , Bishop of Verden
- January 23 : Isabelle de Villehardouin , Princess of Achaia and Morea (* 1263 )
- February 21 : Hugo von Chalon , Bishop of Liège (* around 1260 )
- February: Margaret de Clare , English noblewoman (* 1250 )
- March 2 : Albrecht III. von Leisnig , Bishop of Meissen
- March 10 : . Casimir II , Duke of Bytom and Cosel (* 1256 / 1257 )
- March 28 : Conrad IV of Fohnsdorf-Praitenfurt , Archbishop of Salzburg
- April 19 : Othon de Champvent , Bishop of Lausanne
- May 13 : Theobald II , Duke of Lorraine (* 1263 )
- June 18 : Leutold I. von Kuenring-Dürnstein , Austrian nobleman (* 1243 )
- June 19 : Piers Gaveston , English nobleman, favorite and lover of King Edward II (* around 1284 )
Second half of the year
- July 3 : Marino Zorzi , Doge of Venice (* around 1231 )
- August 27 : Arthur II , Duke of Brittany (* 1262 )
- September 7th : Ferdinand IV , King of Castile and Spain (* 1285 )
- September 9 : Otto III. , King of Hungary and Duke of Lower Bavaria (* 1261 )
- September 29th : Berthold I. von Henneberg , Bishop of Würzburg
- September 29th : John I , Lord of Limburg
- September: John de Ferrers , English nobleman (* 1271 )
- October 18 : Bettino Cassinelli , French court official
- October 27 : Johann II , Duke of Brabant (* 1275 )
- October 28 : Gerhard II , Count of Holstein-Plön (* 1254 )
- October 29 : Landolfo Brancaccio , Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- November 6th : Christina von Stommeln , German mystic in the late Middle Ages (* 1242 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Zain ad-Din al-Amidi , blind Arab scholar and university professor
- Theobald von Bar , Bishop of Liège (* around 1263)
- Eschiva of Ibelin , mistress of Beirut (* around 1253 )
- Euphemia of Rügen , Queen of Norway (* around 1280)
- Guido della Torre , Italian nobleman (* 1259 )
- Heinrich Jonghen , auxiliary bishop in Cologne
- Tohtu , Khan of the Golden Horde
- Malatesta da Verruchio , Italian condottiere (* 1212 )
- Waldemar IV. , Duke of Schleswig (* around 1265)