Hungarian illustrated chronicle

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The Hungarian Pictorial Chronicle , also known as Chronica (Hungariae) Pictum , Chronica Hungarorum , Chronica Picta , Képes Krónika or Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum , is a work from the 14th century that describes the history of the Kingdom of Hungary in Latin . The full title is Chronicon pictum, Marci de Kalt, Chronica de gestis Hungarorum , in German picture chronicle, Mark von Kalt's chronicle of the deeds of the Hungarians .

The chronicle, which contains 147 pictures, reports in Latin on the politico-military history, the lifestyle, the culture, the traditions and legends of medieval Hungarians. It consists of parchment sheets with a format of about 300 × 210 mm. The lid is made of white leather.

The work was created around 1360 under Ludwig the Great . The story breaks off when reporting on the defeat of the Hungarian King Karl Robert against the Wallachians under Basarab I in the battle of Posada in November 1330. The illuminator's work also remained unfinished.

The chronicle was kept in the Vienna court library until 1932 , hence the other name, the Viennese picture chronicle . After the Venice Cultural Agreement in 1932, the book was returned to Hungary. The work is now kept in the National Széchényi Library in Budapest .

Pictures from the picture chronicle


  • Picture chronicle. Chronicon pictum. Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum. Wiener Bilderchronik , ed. by Dezsö Dercsényi, 2 volumes, Hanau 1968.
  • Képes krónika. Kálti Márk Krónikája a magyarok tetteiröl / Chronicon pictum. Marci de Kalt Chronica de gestis hungarorum. Scriptum et compositum ex historiis antiquioribus anno 1358 , (Monumenta hungarica, vol. 3), Budapest 1959.
  • The Hungarian picture chronicle (German edition), ed. Corvina Verlag Budapest, 1961


  • Thomas von Bogyay: Chronicon pictum . In: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (LexMA). Volume 2, Artemis & Winkler, Munich / Zurich 1983, ISBN 3-7608-8902-6 , Sp. 1954.
  • Dezsö Dercsényi / Szabolcs de Vajay: La genesi della Cronaca Illustrata Ungherese. In: Acta historiae artium Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 23 (1977), pp. 3-20.
  • Edith Hoffmann: The books of Ludwig the great and the Hungarian picture chronicle. In: Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen 53 (1936), pp. 653–660.

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