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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Icon Alexander Nevsky
Alexander Jaroslawitsch Newski defeats the Teutonic Order on the
frozen Lake Peipus .
Battle of Lake Peipus, last phase: the order's army flee and the consequences are symbolically represented (Russian chronicle from the 16th century)
The battle on Lake Peipus prevents the order from further eastward expansion and the catholization of Russia .
The Battle of Taillebourg by Eugène Delacroix, 1837
France defeats England in the Battle of Taillebourg .
1242 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 690/691 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1234/35
Buddhist calendar 1785/86 (southern Buddhism); 1784/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the water tiger壬寅 ( at the beginning of the year metal buffalo 辛丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 604/605 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 620/621
Islamic calendar 639/640 (turn of the year June 30th / July 1st)
Jewish calendar 5002/03 (August 27-28)
Coptic calendar 958/959
Malayalam calendar 417/418
Seleucid era Babylon: 1552/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1553/54 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1280
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1298/99 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Eastern Europe

Overview map with the location of the battle

Hungary / Balkans

Holy Roman Empire

France / England

North africa


Emperor Go saga

City foundations and first documentary mentions

science and technology



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1242


Date of death secured

William de Marisco is dragged to death; Depiction from the Chronica Majora by Matthew Paris

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1242

Death of Enguerrand III. by Coucy

Web links

Commons : 1242  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files