Calendar overview 1242
Alexander Jaroslawitsch Newski defeats the Teutonic Order on the
frozen Lake Peipus .
|battle on Lake Peipus prevents the order from further eastward expansion and the catholization of Russia .|
|Battle of Taillebourg .|
|1242 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||690/691 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1785/86 (southern Buddhism); 1784/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||604/605 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||639/640 (turn of the year June 30th / July 1st)|
|Jewish calendar||5002/03 (August 27-28)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1552/53 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1553/54 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1298/99 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- April 5 : Alexander Newski defeats the Livonian Order , a merger of the Teutonic Order and the Order of the Brothers of the Sword , on the frozen Lake Peipus . With the battle on Lake Peipus , the Russian prince prevents the order from advancing to Novgorod and preventing the catholization of Russia .
- Armenia is taken by the Mongols .
- Beginning of the first Prussian uprising with the support of Duke Swantopolk II of Pomerania against the Teutonic Order (until 1249 )
Hungary / Balkans
- The King of Croatia and Hungary , Béla IV. , Gives the inhabitants of Gradec the Bulla Aurea .
- The Second Bulgarian Empire was after the death of Tsar Ivan Assen II. The Mongol invasion under Batu Khan nothing to oppose. The underage Tsar Kaliman I Assen finally committed himself to annual tribute payments to the Golden Horde after several defeats .
Holy Roman Empire
- March 28th : Theodoric II von Wied dies. Arnold II of Isenburg is elected as his successor as Archbishop and Elector of Trier . The defeated candidate Rudolf von der Brücke receives the regalia from King Konrad IV, which leads to a civil war.
- Friedrich II appoints Heinrich Raspe and Wenzel I of Bohemia as imperial gubernators for his son Conrad IV.
- 1242/ 1243 : Heinrich Raspe appoints Henry , the son of his step-sister Jutta, the successor (after his death) as Landgrave of Thuringia (see Wettiner ).
France / England
- May 20 : Count Raimund VII of Toulouse undertakes with the support of the English King Henry III. another uprising against the French crown. A little later he triumphed in Narbonne .
- May 28th / 29th : Faydits of Montségur Castle under the leadership of Pierre Roger II. De Mirepoix murder the Inquisitors of Toulouse, Étienne de Saint-Thibery and Guillaume Arnaud, who stayed there for the night in Avignonet .
- June 6th : Raymond of Toulouse is excommunicated as the protector of the heretics .
- July 21 : Ludwig IX. of France defeated Henry III. of England at the Battle of Taillebourg . Henry III. withdraws to Bordeaux .
- August 28 : Raymond VII of Toulouse and Henry III. of England conclude an alliance treaty against Louis IX in Bordeaux, which forbids a separate peace. Shortly afterwards, Raimund encloses the French army in Penne-d'Agenais . However, when a second royal army under Humbert de Beaujeu advanced into the Languedoc, Raimund's allies such as Roger IV of Foix and Henry III fall away from him. sails back to England.
- November 30th : Raymond VII of Toulouse submits to the French king.
- Ali Abu l-Hasan as-Said succeeds his brother Abd al-Wahid II ar-Raschid as caliph of the severely weakened Almohad Empire .
- February 10 : The almost eleven year old Shijō dies of an illness. A dispute breaks out over his successor as Tennō of Japan , which is why the throne remains orphaned for eleven days. Go-Saga finally ascends to the throne on February 21 on the recommendation of the Kamakura Shogunate .
City foundations and first documentary mentions
- April 25 : Count Dietrich IV./VI. gives the close of Schwanenburg newly established settlement Kleve the town charter .
- First documented mention of Bühl (now part of Offenburg) , Elgersweier , Galmiz , Griesheim , Groß Vahlberg , Hausen am Albis , Hohenstadt , Leissigen , Moosseedorf , Samobor , Schmitten , Hüsingen , Rammersweier , Tangstedt and Vahlberg
- Grenoble , Kiel , Linz on the Rhine and Eversberg receive city rights ; Lienz (East Tyrol) is first mentioned as a city.
- Founding of the town of Loitz by the knight Detlev von Gadebusch
science and technology
- May 8 : Anna of Bohemia founds the Grüssau monastery .
- Johann von Diepholz succeeds his brother Wilhelm I von Diepholz , who died on May 12, as Bishop of Minden .
- The monastery Gourdon and the Kloster Seligenporten be established.
- Elger von Hohnstein , founder of the Dominican convents in Erfurt ( 1229 ) and Eisenach ( 1236 ), is buried in the Eisenach convent .
Date of birth saved
- March 2 : Isabella of France , Queen of Navarre and Countess of Champagne († 1271 )
- June 25th : Beatrix of England , daughter of Henry III. of England († 1275 )
- December 15 : Munetaka , Japanese Shogun († 1274 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Beatrix of Castile , Queen of Portugal († 1303 )
- Christina von Stommeln , German beguines and mystic († 1312 )
- Dietrich , Margrave of Landsberg († 1285 )
- Margaret of Hungary , Hungarian princess, Dominican and saint of the Catholic Church († 1270 )
- Georgios Pachymeres , Byzantine scholar, poet and writer († 1310 )
Born around 1242
Date of death secured
- January 15 : Albert IV , Count von Bogen and Windberg; Vogt of Oberaltaich and Windberg (* around 1191 )
- February 10 : Shijō , Emperor of Japan (* 1231 )
- February 12 : Heinrich (VII.) , Duke of Swabia, Roman-German King and King of Sicily (* 1211 )
- March 28 : Theodoric II of Wied , Archbishop and Elector of Trier (* around 1170 )
- April 4th : Engelhard , Bishop of Naumburg
- May 12th : Wilhelm I. von Diepholz , Bishop of Minden
- before May 24th: Roger Bertram , English baron and judge (* 1187 )
- May 28th : Guillaume Arnaud , Inquisitor of Toulouse
- October 7 : Juntoku , Emperor of Japan (* 1197 )
- October 14th : Elger IV. Zu Hohenstein , first prior of the Dominican monastery in Eisenach and advisor and confidante Heinrich Raspe (* around 1180 )
- November 11th : Heinrich I. von Heisterbach , abbot of the Heisterbach monastery (* around 1177 )
- November 19 : Jocelin of Wells , Bishop of Bath and Wells
- December 5 : Al-Mustansir , Abbasid Caliph (* 1192 )
Exact date of death unknown
- October: John Marshal , English nobleman (* after 1200)
- Archambault VIII. , Lord of Bourbon-l'Archambault (* 1189 )
- Berthold von Urach , Abbot of Tennenbach and Abbot of Lützel
- Ceslaus von Breslau , Silesian lawyer and missionary (* around 1184 )
- Hugh de Lacy, 1st Earl of Ulster , Norman nobleman (* 1176 )
- Hugo II , Count of Vaudémont (* around 1167 )
- Mieszko , Duke of Silesia and Duke of Lebus (* around 1225 )
- Nuno Sanchez of Roussillon , Count of Cerdanya and Roussillon (* around 1185 )
- Tschagatai Khan , son of Genghis Khan and founder of the Tschagatai Khanate (* around 1186 )
- Walram II , Lord of Monschau