from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar

| 12th century | 13th century | 14th century |
| 1210s | 1220s | 1230s | 1240s | 1250s | 1260s | 1270s |
◄◄ | | 1245 | 1246 | 1247 | 1248 | 1249 | 1250 | 1251 | 1252 | 1253 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Vie de Saint-Louis by Jean de Joinville: Taking Damiette during the Crusade
The crusaders of Louis IX. take the Egyptian city of Damiette during the
Sixth Crusade .
1249 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 697/698 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1241/42
Buddhist calendar 1792/93 (southern Buddhism); 1791/92 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Rooster己酉 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Monkey 戊申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 611/612 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 627/628
Islamic calendar 646/647 (turn of the year April 15/16)
Jewish calendar 5009/10 (September 8/9)
Coptic calendar 965/966
Malayalam calendar 424/425
Seleucid era Babylon: 1559/60 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1560/61 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1287
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1305/06 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Sixth crusade

Map of the Nile Delta in the 13th century
  • May 19 : The cruise lines set sail from the Kingdom of Cyprus and sail for Egypt . On June 4th she reached the Nile Delta . There the crusaders beat an Ayyubid army under the leadership of the Mamluken Fachr ad-Din Yusuf , which tries to prevent the landing. The defeated retreat south to the provincial capital Achmoum-Tanah, where Sultan al-Salih camps with the main army.
  • June 6th : During the Sixth Crusade, the Crusaders take the Egyptian city of Damiette almost without a fight after it has been evacuated by the defenders. As-Salih retreats up the Nile to Al-Mansura . Ludwig does not allow the retreating Ayyubid army to be pursued, but stays with his army in Damiette for five and a half months. He is giving away a promising opportunity to advance through the Nile Delta to Cairo before the summer floods of the Nile begin. Instead, he is waiting for reinforcements from his brother, Count Alfons of Poitiers . Sultan al-Salih has laboriously restored the morale of his troops and has concentrated his main army.
  • October 24th : Alfonso of Poitiers arrives in Damiette with a large contingent of troops and a full war chest.
  • November 20 : The crusaders begin the inland advance, which is held up by the muddy terrain, the numerous river branches and diseases.
  • Sultan al-Salih dies on the night of November 22nd to 23rd . His young son and heir Turan Shah is in distant Syria and is in no way prepared for a takeover. Thereupon a favorite slave of the dead sultan, Schadschar ad-Durr , who has some influence at the court in Cairo, takes the reign of her stepson. Together with some loyal officials, she manages to keep the Sultan's death a secret for the time being and to establish an order in which the previously disgraced Mamlukenemir, Fachr ad-Din Yusuf , receives supreme command of the army. The slow advance of the crusaders benefits her.
  • December 20 : The Sixth Crusade arrives in the city of Al-Mansura , and the Crusaders begin the siege of the city.

Holy Roman Empire / Imperial Italy

Enzio is captured by the Bolognese, portrait from a medieval manuscript

Other events in Europe

Other events in North Africa

First documentary mentions


science and technology


Grand Master's coat of arms Gunthers von Wüllersleben


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1249


First half of the year

Siegfried III. von Eppstein, grave monument in Mainz Cathedral
  • April 13th : Leutold I. , Styrian Ministeriale
  • April: Petrus de Vinea , Protonotarius and Chancellor of the Roman-German Emperor and King of Sicily Friedrich II. (* Before 1200)

Second half of the year

Sarcophagus of Rudolf III. in Wettingen Monastery
Jacopo Tiepolo's tomb

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1249

Web links

Commons : 1249  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files