from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Urtenen-Schönbühl coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton BernCanton Bern Bern (BE)
Administrative district : Bern-Mittellandw
BFS no. : 0551i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 3322
UN / LOCODE : CH SBL (Schönbühl)
Coordinates : 604 594  /  207 658 coordinates: 47 ° 1 '12 "  N , 7 ° 29' 57"  O ; CH1903:  604594  /  207 658
Height : 525  m above sea level M.
Height range : 514–771 m above sea level M.
Area : 7.19  km²
Residents: 6271 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 758 inhabitants per km²
Mayor : Heinz Nussbaum ( SP )
Website: www.urtenen-schoenbuehl.ch
Solebad Urtenen-Schönbühl

Solebad Urtenen-Schönbühl

Location of the municipality
Bielersee Gerzensee (Gewässer) Moossee Moossee Murtensee Neuenburgersee Thunersee Wohlensee Clavaleyres Münchenwiler Kanton Freiburg Kanton Neuenburg Kanton Solothurn Kanton Freiburg Kanton Waadt Verwaltungskreis Berner Jura Verwaltungskreis Biel/Bienne Verwaltungskreis Emmental Verwaltungskreis Frutigen-Niedersimmental Verwaltungskreis Interlaken-Oberhasli Verwaltungskreis Oberaargau Verwaltungskreis Obersimmental-Saanen Verwaltungskreis Seeland Verwaltungskreis Thun Allmendingen bei Bern Arni BE Bäriswil Belp Bern Biglen Bolligen Bowil Bremgarten bei Bern Brenzikofen Deisswil bei Münchenbuchsee Diemerswil Ferenbalm Ferenbalm Fraubrunnen Frauenkappelen Freimettigen Gerzensee BE Grosshöchstetten Guggisberg Gurbrü Häutligen Herbligen Iffwil Ittigen Jaberg Jegenstorf Jegenstorf Kaufdorf Kehrsatz Kiesen Kirchdorf BE Kirchlindach Köniz Konolfingen Kriechenwil Landiswil Laupen Linden BE Mattstetten Meikirch Mirchel Moosseedorf Mühleberg Münchenbuchsee Münsingen Muri bei Bern Neuenegg Niederhünigen Niedermuhlern Oberbalm Oberdiessbach Oberhünigen Oberthal BE Oppligen Ostermundigen Riggisberg Rubigen Rüeggisberg Rüeggisberg Rümligen Rüschegg Schwarzenburg BE Stettlen Thurnen Toffen Urtenen-Schönbühl Vechigen Wald BE Walkringen Wichtrach Wiggiswil Wileroltigen Wohlen bei Bern Worb Zäziwil Zollikofen Zuzwil BEMap of Urtenen-Schönbühl
About this picture

Urtenen-Schönbühl ( Bern German Urtene-Schönbüeu [ ˈʊɾtənə ʃœmˈpy͡u ]) is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland .


Urtenen-Schönbühl lies at 525  m above sea level. M. , 10 km north-northeast of the canton capital Bern (linear distance). The village is located in the wide valley floor of Urtenen , between the foothills of Rapperswil plateau in the northwest and the Molassehöhen of Bantigers in the south, in the Swiss Plateau .

The 7.2 km² municipal area covers a section of the Bernese Mittelland. The central part of the area is taken up by the approximately 1.5 km wide Urtenen basin, which flows northeast to the Emme . This depression is flanked in the northwest by the slightly undulating heights of the Rapperswil plateau, which were formed by the Ice Age Rhone glacier . The municipal ban extends in the north to the edge of the Eichlerenwald and in the west to the forest heights of Rädisried , Wideholz ( 581  m above sea level ) and Bubenloo ( 573  m above sea level ). The northern part of the Moossees in the Moosseetal also belongs to Urtenen-Schönbühl.

The community soil extends to the southeast into a more heavily reliefed, predominantly wooded hill country. It extends over the Urtenenberg ( 591  m above sea level ), the Röduberg ( 639  m above sea level ) and the steep northern slope of the Grauholzes to the ridge of this ridge, on which at 760  m above sea level. M. the highest point of Urtenen-Schönbühl is reached. In 1997, 18% of the municipal area was in settlements, 31% in forests and woodlands, 47% in agriculture and a little less than 4% was unproductive land.

Urtenen-Schönbühl consists of the two districts of Urtenen ( 525  m above sea level ) in the valley on both sides of the Urtenen and Schönbühl ( 538  m above sea level ) on the south-eastern edge of this depression, at the foot of the heights of Grauholz, as well as various residential and commercial districts. Neighboring communities of Urtenen-Schönbühl are Jegenstorf , Mattstetten , Bolligen , Moosseedorf and Wiggiswil .


Population development
year Residents
1850 714
1900 919
1930 1224
1950 1465
1960 1619
1970 2606
1980 3823
1990 5208
2000 5295

With 6,271 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Urtenen-Schönbühl is one of the larger municipalities in the canton of Bern. 87.4% of the residents speak German, 2.6% speak Serbo-Croatian and 1.6% speak Italian (as of 2000). The population of Urtenen-Schönbühl has increased sharply, especially since 1960. The population has more than tripled within 30 years. Population growth has been slow since 1990. The residential and industrial area of ​​Urtenen-Schönbühl has now seamlessly merged with that of Moosseedorf.


The voting shares of the parties on the occasion of the National Council elections in 2019 were: SVP 29.7%, SP 17.1%, glp 10.8%, BDP 10.2%, GPS 9.8%, FDP 8.7%, EPP 6.3 %, CVP 2.2%, EDU (incl. DM) 1.3%.


Until well into the 20th century, Urtenen-Schönbühl was a village dominated by agriculture . Today the community offers around 3000 jobs. With 2% of the gainfully employed who are still employed in the primary sector, agriculture (predominantly arable farming , dairy farming and forestry ) only has a marginal role in the employment structure of the population. Around 24% of the workforce is employed in the industrial sector, while the service sector accounts for 74% of the workforce (as of 2001).

Urtenen-Schönbühl has thus developed into an agglomeration municipality of Bern, which, thanks to its excellent traffic situation, has been chosen as the location for several major distributors and service centers. Extensive commercial and industrial zones have emerged since the early 1970s near Schönbühl and in the triangle between the settlements of Urtenen, Moosseedorf and Schönbühl. Today, companies from the construction and transport industry, information technology, electrical industry, wood processing, mechanical workshops and graphic studios are represented in Urtenen-Schönbühl. The community has a brine bath.

New housing estates have been developing since the 1960s on the edge of Urtenen and near the Längenrüpp district. Urtenen-Schönbühl has a surplus of commuters, but many workers are also commuters who work in the city and agglomeration of Bern .


The community is excellently developed in terms of traffic, but is cut into different parts by the main traffic routes of the motorway and railroad. Schönbühl had been an important traffic junction since the 19th century; here the main road from Solothurn to Bern (today Hauptstrasse 12 ) met the old long-distance road from Zurich to Bern (today Hauptstrasse 1 ). The closest connection to the A1 (Bern-Zurich) and A6 (Bern-Biel) motorways is around 1 km from the town center. The Schönbühl junction, where the A6 meets the A1, is in the Moosseedorf area.

On June 16, 1857, the Herzogenbuchsee-Bern section of the railway line from Olten to Bern with Schönbühl station was opened. Urtenen also came to a train station on April 10, 1910 when the Zollikofen-Solothurn section, which is now operated by the regional transport company Bern-Solothurn , went into operation. There are other stops at Schönbühl and at the municipal boundary at Shoppyland .

There is also a bus line from the RBS train station to Bäriswil.


Aerial photo from 200 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1925)

The municipality of Urtenen-Schönbühl was settled very early. A burial mound dates from the Hallstatt period , from which rich additions (gold jewelry) were unearthed during excavations. Individual remains have also been preserved from Roman times .

The place was first mentioned in a document in 1249 under the name Urtinun . The names Hurtinun (1253), Urtinon (1256), Uertinon (1262), Urtina (1264), Urthinun (1270) and Urtenen (1303) appeared later . The root word urd originally comes from the Celtic and was initially used as a water body name in the meaning of the bubbly . The village name corresponds in a figurative sense to the meaning village on the water , which probably means houses at a transition over the Urtenen.

Since the Middle Ages , Urtenen formed its own small rule, which was under the sovereignty of the Counts of Kyburg . The rulership has changed hands over the years. Under Bernese sovereignty (since 1406) the village was assigned to the Zollikofen district court . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime (1798), Urtenen belonged to the Zollikofen district during the Helvetic Republic and from 1803 to the Fraubrunnen Oberamt, which was given the status of an official district with the new cantonal constitution of 1831.

Always belonging to Urtenen, Schönbühl was only a small hamlet for a long time. It was only with the construction of the new road from Bern towards Zurich that it grew into a larger settlement with handicrafts and businesses.

With the inauguration of a new village center in 1987, the planning objective was pursued to structurally merge the previously largely separate districts of Urtenen and Schönbühl. All important public services of the community are united in this center.

By resolution of the community assembly on September 18, 2001, the community name was changed from Urtenen to Urtenen-Schönbühl. In 2003 the name change became legally effective.


The Reformed village church , which was built between 1965 and 1968, stands on a moraine hill in the Urtenen district, slightly elevated south of the Urtenen . In the old town center of Urtenen there are still some farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries.


Web links

Commons : Urtenen-Schönbühl  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020