Bremgarten near Bern
|Canton :||Bern (BE)|
|Administrative district :||Bern-Mittelland|
|BFS no. :||0353|
|Postal code :||3047|
|Height range :||481–595 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||1.90 km²|
|Residents:||4387 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||2309 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor :||Andreas Schwab ([SP])|
View from the southeast of part of the Bremgarten community
|Location of the municipality|
Bremgarten is located approx. 4 km north of the Swiss federal city of Bern , with which it connects a common border. It is located on the last foothills of the Frienisberg plateau sloping towards the Aare . The Aare forms a natural border across from the city of Bern in the south. In the west and north the community borders on Kirchlindach , in the east on Zollikofen .
Due to the south and east slope, the settlement area is laid out on three levels in terraces. The Birchi offers a view of the Bernese Alps . On the middle level is the actual village center with schools, sports field, post office and shops. The Ländli, Seftau and Aarehalde districts are located on the Aare.
The Kantonsstrasse Kalchackerstrasse, a large main axis 40 m above the level of the Aarena , connects the town exit at Stuckishaus with Bremgarten Castle in a west-east direction and serves as a distributor in all directions, which is also used by public transport in a direct 13-minute connection to Bern train station.
The older history of Bremgarten begins around the year 1000: At that time a wooden castle was built on the peninsula and, probably only a little later, a small Romanesque church . Castle, castle town and church formed the center of the medieval rule of the Lords of Bremgarten , first mentioned in 1185 , which stretched from Wohlen near Bern to Worblaufen . The up-and-coming city of Bern destroyed Bremgarten after the battle at Donnerbühl in 1298, but had to pay compensation for it. The indebted barons of Bremgarten sold the rule in 1306 to the Order of St. John, who had resided in Münchenbuchsee since 1180 . In the course of the Reformation of 1528, the spiritual property came to the city of Bern, which in 1545 sold the now secular rule in the approximate extent of today's community to Hans Franz Nägeli . Probably the most important lord of the Bremgarten castle, the castle was converted into a palace complex in the style of the time, while the church retained its Gothic appearance from the early 14th century.
Bremgarten's more recent history began with an initial structural expansion in the 18th century: Bremgarten Castle was rebuilt, several country estates, larger farms and numerous small farms and commercial buildings were built. At the end of the 19th century, with the expansion of the important industrial facilities in the neighboring Felsenau, the next growth spurt began, which, however, led to an exacerbation of the old social and economic problems.
In 1946 Bremgarten wanted to give up its independence, but the city of Bern refused to incorporate it. In the 1950s, a substantial injection of funds triggered the last structural expansion in the municipality of just 1.9 km². In the next few decades more was built here than in any previous century. The rural-village Bremgarten transformed into an agglomeration community characterized by single-family houses and densely populated residential areas. With the expansion of the road network and public transport, with the construction of large school and other community facilities, the infrastructure was also adapted to the new conditions. Two local plans steered the development and contribute to the preservation of extensive, natural recreational areas with the Aare landscape, the Hoger and the Birchiplateau.
Until 1880 the community was still called Bremgarten Herrschaft (to distinguish it from the Bremgarten Stadtgericht , which was merged with Kirchlindach in the same year ). On February 6, 2019, the municipal council announced that it would be financially involved in a study that provides for the merger of Bern and Bremgarten (and other municipalities) after the municipality wanted to give up its independence in the 20th century. The local council also communicated that a merger would probably come before the voters . If the merger with Bern came about and the other municipalities willing to merge ( Köniz , Ostermundigen , Muri , Ittigen , Zollikofen , Wohlen , Bolligen , Kehrsatz , Kirchlindach and Frauenkappelen ) also merged, then Bern would be the second largest city in Switzerland with 240,000 inhabitants. Due to the party structure of the Bremgarten municipal council and the city council of Bern, the bourgeoisie, especially the SVP, would ensure that there would be more middle-class citizens in the city parliament of Bern if the election results remained the same.
The oldest Aare bridge in the Bern area is the Neubrück near Bremgarten. It was built in 1534/35. The brick-roofed wooden bridge stretches 93 m over the Aare. It connects Bremgarten with Hauptstrasse 236 , which leads through the Bremgartenwald to Bern. The bridge is located on the Bernese and Kirchlindach parishes.
The Reformed Church was built on the Aare peninsula in the 10th century. Together with the castle, the farm and the rectory, they form the oldest core of the village. The Roman Catholic Johanneszentrum was inaugurated in 1972 on Johanniterstrasse.
The executive branch of the municipality is the seven-member municipal council . In the 2016–2019 legislative period, it was composed as follows: 3 FDP , 2 SP , 1 glp , 1 SVP . The council is the mayor before, in this legislative Andreas Kaufmann (glp).
As Bremgarten known race track , on that of 1934 bis 1954 the Grand Prix of Switzerland for automobiles as well as between 1949 and 1954 the Grand Prix of Switzerland for motorcycles was held, was not in the town of Bremgarten but in Bremgartenwald that the city of Bern is one .
- Adrian Frutiger (1928–2015), type designer
- Eduard M. Fallet: Bremgarten: Reading and presentation book on the history of the parish of Bremgarten and the communities of Zollikofen, Bremgarten City Court and Bremgarten near Bern . Paul Haupt Verlag, Bern 1991, ISBN 3-258-04387-6 .
- Official website of the municipality of Bremgarten near Bern
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Bremgarten near Bern. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
- Receipt of the payment of damages for the destruction of Bremgarten Castle, in the Bern State Archives
- Sales document of the Bremgarten rulership, in the Bern State Archives
- Bremgarten takes part in a study on merger in the Bern area . In: Berner Zeitung . ISSN 1424-1021 ( bernerzeitung.ch [accessed on March 19, 2020]).
- Elections 2019: Results of the Bremgarten community. Canton of Bern , accessed on February 4, 2020
- Mathias Gottet: Bremgarten again in red hand. In: Bernerzeitung. TA Media, December 1, 2019, accessed December 2, 2019 .