Voters (including voters) designates people who vote are so actively in elections and referenda ( plebiscites ) are allowed to participate. The term entitled to vote refers to elections within the framework of representative democracy , while voters also have the right to participate in substantive decisions.
Not every citizen , i.e. national , is a voter. The right to vote is tied to a minimum age, usually of legal age . In addition, voting rights cannot be exercised in the event of mental illness. Certain criminal offenses can result in the loss of voting rights. Conversely, however, a voter does not have to be a citizen. In Germany, "in elections in districts and municipalities [...] people who are citizens of a member state of the European Community are entitled to vote and can be elected in accordance with European Community law" ( Article 28 (1), third sentence, Basic Law ).
Voters in Switzerland
The term is widespread in Switzerland and is also used in connection with voting behavior. The focus is voters not only for the persons involved in a particular vote during a voting public meeting have actively participated. Surveys in the run-up to votes also use the term voter to make it clear that only people who are allowed to participate in this vote were interviewed. The term is also often used in connection with other popular rights. This is because signatures for popular initiatives can only be collected from citizens who are entitled to vote. This means that more than 100,000 voters have to sign a federal popular initiative for it to come about.
In exceptional cases, you can lose your right to vote in Switzerland (e.g. in the event of incapacitation ) without losing all other civil rights .
The terms people (= voters) and the sovereign are used synonymously . The latter relates to the principle: the people are sovereign .
Voters in Germany
According to Art. 20, Paragraph 2, Clause 1 of the Basic Law, the people in the Federal Republic of Germany can exercise their state power in accordance with Art. 20, Paragraph 2, Clause 1 of the Basic Law, also in votes. The prevailing German policy is in agreement that direct democracy through referendums or referendums would not be part of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany , except in the exceptional cases of Art. 29 GG and Art. 146 GG ; on the other hand, however, is the wording of Article 20 of the Basic Law, which expressly allows any kind of direct voting by the citizens by speaking of voting in general and without restrictions . Based on the further wording, this right of the people still precedes the right of the special organs of the people's representation in the form of legislation, executive power and jurisdiction for the exercise of state authority ( pouvoir constitué ).
- ↑ Communiqué of the non-partisan committee "Stop higher wage deductions - Secure unemployment insurance YES" ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. from August 20, 2010, publication of the results of the ALV survey
- ^ Constitution of the Canton of Graubünden, Art 9 Paragraph 2
- ↑ Political Organization of Switzerland ( Memento of the original from May 11, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on admin.ch