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Fraubrunnen coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton BernCanton Bern Bern (BE)
Administrative district : Bern-Mittellandw
BFS no. : 0538i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 3312 Fraubrunnen
3306 Etzelkofen
3308 Grafenried
3309 Zauggenried
3313 Büren zum Hof
3314 Schalunen
3317 Limpach
3317 Mülchi
Coordinates : 606707  /  214 892 coordinates: 47 ° 5 '6 "  N , 7 ° 31' 37"  O ; CH1903:  606707  /  214 892
Height : 595  m above sea level M.
Height range : 463-594 m above sea level M.
Area : 31.91  km²
Residents: 5113 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 55 inhabitants per km²
Mayor : Urs Schär ( BDP )
Bernstrasse at the Gasthof zum Brunnen

Bernstrasse at the Gasthof zum Brunnen

Location of the municipality
Bielersee Gerzensee (Gewässer) Moossee Moossee Murtensee Neuenburgersee Thunersee Wohlensee Clavaleyres Münchenwiler Kanton Freiburg Kanton Neuenburg Kanton Solothurn Kanton Freiburg Kanton Waadt Verwaltungskreis Berner Jura Verwaltungskreis Biel/Bienne Verwaltungskreis Emmental Verwaltungskreis Frutigen-Niedersimmental Verwaltungskreis Interlaken-Oberhasli Verwaltungskreis Oberaargau Verwaltungskreis Obersimmental-Saanen Verwaltungskreis Seeland Verwaltungskreis Thun Allmendingen bei Bern Arni BE Bäriswil Belp Bern Biglen Bolligen Bowil Bremgarten bei Bern Brenzikofen Deisswil bei Münchenbuchsee Diemerswil Ferenbalm Ferenbalm Fraubrunnen Frauenkappelen Freimettigen Gerzensee BE Grosshöchstetten Guggisberg Gurbrü Häutligen Herbligen Iffwil Ittigen Jaberg Jegenstorf Jegenstorf Kaufdorf Kehrsatz Kiesen Kirchdorf BE Kirchlindach Köniz Konolfingen Kriechenwil Landiswil Laupen Linden BE Mattstetten Meikirch Mirchel Moosseedorf Mühleberg Münchenbuchsee Münsingen Muri bei Bern Neuenegg Niederhünigen Niedermuhlern Oberbalm Oberdiessbach Oberhünigen Oberthal BE Oppligen Ostermundigen Riggisberg Rubigen Rüeggisberg Rüeggisberg Rümligen Rüschegg Schwarzenburg BE Stettlen Thurnen Toffen Urtenen-Schönbühl Vechigen Wald BE Walkringen Wichtrach Wiggiswil Wileroltigen Wohlen bei Bern Worb Zäziwil Zollikofen Zuzwil BEMap of Fraubrunnen
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Overview seen from the west

Fraubrunnen is a municipality in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland . Since 2014, following a major regional merger project, the municipality has also included the villages and former municipalities Büren zum Hof , Etzelkofen , Grafenried , Limpach , Mülchi , Schalunen and Zauggenried in addition to the village of Fraubrunnen .


Fraubrunnen is just under 20 km from the cities of Bern and Solothurn and a good 10 km from the city of Burgdorf . The municipality extends from the A1 motorway to the Limpachtal and from the Emme to the ridge in the northeastern part of the Rapperswil plateau.

The area of ​​the 31.82 km² (as of 2014) large municipal area comprises a section of the central Bernese plateau. In the larger eastern part of the municipality is the Fraubrunnenmoos , which is drained from the Urtenen to the north to the Emme. The extensive forest areas Erlen-Ischlag and Fraubrunnen-Rüdtligen-Wald also belong to the municipality. To the west, the municipality extends over the hollow of Fraubrunnen to the adjacent heights of the Rapperswil plateau. These include the Binelwald ( 535  m above sea level ), the Cholholz ( 542  m above sea level ) and the clearing island of Unterberg . The highest elevation of Fraubrunnen is on the Buech-Ischlag (Etzelkofen) 595 m above sea level. M. achieved. The lowest point of the community is the Aetigemoos (Limpach) at 465 m above sea level. M.

Fraubrunnen includes the hamlets of Binnel ( 508  m above sea level ) and Unterberg ( 555  m above sea level ) on the Rapperswil plateau, Bischof ( 505  m above sea level ) on the ridge south of Schalunen and a few individual farms. Neighboring communities of Fraubrunnen are Aefligen , Buchegg , Bätterkinden , Iffwil , Jegenstorf , Kernenried , Lyssach , Messen Rüdtligen-Alchenflüh and Unterramsern .


With 5113 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018), Fraubrunnen is one of the medium-sized communities in the canton of Bern. The population of the village of Fraubrunnen was 525 in 1850 and 456 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century the population increased slowly but steadily. Since 1970 (726 inhabitants) the number of inhabitants has doubled within 30 years due to new settlements.

On January 1, 2014, Fraubrunnen merged with seven other municipalities to form the new municipality of Fraubrunnen, which means that the number of residents has since represented the total population of the municipality.


legislative branch

The approximately 3,760 (as of March 4, 2018) eligible voters ( legislature ) of the municipality of Fraubrunnen form the highest body of the political municipality.


The seven members of the council are in the proportional representation method ( proportional selected). Current composition (legislative period 2018–2021): 3 BDP, 2 SVP, 1 SP (List Forum Fraubrunnen), 1 Forum Fraubrunnen.

The council president or the municipal president is in the majority voting process ( Majorz selected). The current president of the municipal council is Urs Schär (BDP). Vice President of the City Council is Peter Iseli (SVP Region Fraubrunnen). The last municipal elections took place in autumn 2017.

National elections

The parties' share of the votes in the 2019 National Council elections were: SVP 32.9%, BDP 14.1%, GPS 11.8%, SP 11.5%, glp 10.0%, FDP 7.2%, EPP 5.3 %, EDU 2.0%, CVP 1.4%.

Economy in the village of Fraubrunnen

Fraubrunnen: trade and railway (Kirchgasse)

Fraubrunnen was a predominantly agricultural village until the second half of the 20th century . Already in the 18th century there were mills and a nail smithy as well as salt and grain houses in Fraubrunnen. Even today, arable farming , fruit growing , dairy farming and forestry have a certain place in the income structure of the population.

Numerous other jobs are offered by trade and industry as well as the service sector. An important, long-established business is, among other things, a commercial mill that emerged from the former monastery mill. Since the 1960s in Fraubrunnen there have been companies in the agricultural machinery, electrical, construction and transport industries, IT, wood processing and a printing company.

As the largest town, Fraubrunnen fulfills the function of a rural central town in the surrounding area. In the last few decades the village has developed into a residential community. New residential quarters were created on the edge of the Tafelenfeld, in Fraubrunnenmoos and on the hill of the Wittenbergfeld.


Railway station and RBS train

The community has good transport links. It is located on the old main road from Bern to Solothurn . The closest connection to the A1 motorway (Bern-Zurich) is around 5 km from the town center near Kirchberg . On April 10, 1916, the ZollikofenSolothurn section of the Solothurn – Bern electric narrow-gauge railway (now the Bern – Solothurn regional traffic ) with a train station in Fraubrunnen went into operation. The municipality of Fraubrunnen has a total of four train stops ( Büren zum Hof , Fraubrunnen, Grafenried , Schalunen ). Trains run every 30 minutes in both directions from the Fraubrunnen and Grafenried stations, and every hour from Büren to Hof and Schalunen. There are also various bus connections.


The municipality of Fraubrunnen was settled very early. In the Binelwald and Rüdtligenwald, tumuli from the Hallstatt and Latène periods were excavated in the 19th century . Remains of the masonry of various buildings and of road systems and coin finds are known from Roman times .

Former monastery and later castle (north view)

The history of the village of Fraubrunnen is closely related to the Cistercian convent that was built there in the Middle Ages . The counts of Kyburg handed over in 1246 their land near Grafenried the Cistercian order, which the nun well founded, which soon became an important convent in Switzerland. It was located in the Mülinen settlement that already existed at that time , which was only later given the name Fraubrunnen because of the monastery. The German place name is derived from the Latin monastery name Fons beatae Mariae (source of the Holy Virgin Mary), which is first documented in 1267 as Frouwenbrunnen . The names Vrouwenbrunnen (1303), Frowenbrunnen (1305) and Fraubronnen (1724) were later used.

Thanks to donations and acquisitions, the monastery quickly acquired rich property in the area and on Lake Biel. When the Guglers attacked and pillaged the monastery in 1375, the village of Fraubrunnen was also affected. On the Tafelenfeld north of the village, the troops of the city of Bern defeated the Guglers and drove them out of the region.

In 1406 the high level of jurisdiction over Fraubrunnen came from the hands of the Neu-Kyburger to the city of Bern. After the Kyburg family died out in 1420, the village came under the sovereignty of Bern and was assigned to the Zollikofen district court . After the introduction of the Reformation , Bern closed the monastery in 1528, and the Landvogtei Fraubrunnen was created on the basis of its lands. The convent buildings were partially demolished - the monastery church in 1535 - and the remaining buildings were converted into a castle, which from then on served the governor as the official residence. The first Bernese bailiff, Erhart Kindler, came to Fraubrunnen in 1527.

1798: Battle of the French against the Bernese

When the French army marched into Switzerland in 1798 , a battle broke out on the Tafelenfeld between the Napoleonic troops and the Bernese exodus, which was fought . After the collapse of the Ancien Régime , Fraubrunnen belonged to the Zollikofen district during the Helvetic Republic. From 1803 it was the main town of the Oberamt Fraubrunnen, which was given the status of an administrative district with the new cantonal constitution of 1831. Much new cultivated land was gained through the drainage and amelioration of the marshland in the Fraubrunnenmoos in 1848–1849 and 1918–1919.

Aerial photo from 500 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1925)

In the course of the last century, as everywhere, profound changes took place. Thanks to the rail connection with good connections to Bern and Solothurn , Fraubrunnen slowly developed from a purely agricultural community into an up-and-coming agglomeration community. Fraubrunnen has many rental and owner-occupied apartments, which means that many residents commute to work in the surrounding cities. This development can be felt differently in the individual villages; some have retained the typical rural village character. It is precisely these differences that characterize the municipality of Fraubrunnen and underline its diversity.

Community merger

Initial situation: The upcoming and partially already implemented reforms in the canton of Bern, the increasingly difficult to fill official offices and the professionalization of the administrations have moved the municipal councils of the municipalities Büren zum Hof ​​- Etzelkofen - Fraubrunnen - Grafenried - Limpach - Mülchi - Schalunen - Zauggenried to work together To include merger investigations.

Phase I “Basic Clarifications”: On November 21, 2011, the voters of all eight municipalities approved the continuation of the merger clarifications with a large majority.

Phase II "Merger Agreement and Regulations": These were drawn up and submitted to the voters for a decision in November 2012, together with the merger agreement.

Merger vote: on 24./25. November 2012, the voters of all eight municipalities made the final merger decision. The turnout averaged 52% and the merger agreement was clearly accepted with around 82% yes votes.

Phase III «Preparing for implementation»: In 2013, the preparatory work (harmonization of IT, regulations, insurance, archives, etc.) was started and carried out. At the political level, the new municipal councils were elected in the first half of 2013. Each village independently determined its representatives. On December 15, 2013, the voters of all eight municipalities elected Urs Schär as the new municipal council president at the ballot box.

Start of the new municipality: On January 1st, 2014 the new municipality of Fraubrunnen started as the legal successor from Büren zum Hof ​​- Etzelkofen - Fraubrunnen - Grafenried - Limpach - Mülchi - Schalunen - Zauggenried. The individual villages keep their names. The character and identity of the villages should also be preserved in the future.


Fraubrunnen (left) and the Grafenried church
  • The basic structure of the two-winged Fraubrunnen Castle corresponds to the main buildings of the monastery, which was rebuilt after 1280 and, through extensive changes in the 16th and 18th centuries, took on today's shape, which is characterized by baroque elements.
  • Monuments on the Tafelenfeld: Gugler Monument (1824) and French Monument (1898)
  • In the municipality of Fraubrunnen there are large farmhouses from the 18th and 19th centuries.
  • There are three Reformed parishes in the new community of Fraubrunnen. This is the parish of Grafenried (responsible for the villages of Fraubrunnen, Grafenried, Zauggenried), parish Limpach (Limpach, Büren zum Hof, Schalunen) and the parish of Messen (Etzelkofen and Mülchi). All three parishes have older churches (see the list of cultural assets in Fraubrunnen for information ). There has been no church in the village of Fraubrunnen since the monastery church was demolished in the 16th century. The village belongs to the Reformed Grafenried parish. The parish church stands on a hill north of the Grafenried village, near the former parish boundary to Fraubrunnen.
  • Further sights of the municipality of Fraubrunnen can be found under the entries for the individual villages.


  • Leuzinger, Jürg: The Cistercian monastery Fraubrunnen. From the foundation to the Reformation 1246–1528 . Bern u. a., Peter Lang, 2008 (European University Theses, Series 3: History and its auxiliary sciences, 1028).

Web links

Commons : Fraubrunnen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on, accessed on May 29, 2020
  2. ^ Community of Fraubrunnen Online: Politics. Retrieved March 12, 2018 .
  3. Elections 2019: Results of the municipality of Fraubrunnen. Canton of Bern, accessed on May 17, 2020.
  4. ^ History of the Fraubrunnen monastery mill.
  5. ^ Fritz Bühlmann: The Landvogts' income in the former office of Fraubrunnen , in: Blätter für Bernische Geschichte, Kunst und Altertumskunde, 1919, pp. 164–174.
  6. ^ Residential community Fraubrunnen Online: Project G8. Retrieved March 12, 2018 .
  7. Fraubrunnen Castle.
  8. Oskar Schär: The monuments on the Tafelenfeld near Fraubrunnen , in: Berner Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Heimatkunde, 1973, pp. 25–32.
  9. parishes of Fraubrunnen.