Burgdorf BE

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
BE is the abbreviation for the canton of Bern in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries in the name Burgdorf .
Burgdorf coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : Canton BernCanton Bern Bern (BE)
Administrative district : Emmental
BFS no. : 0404i1 f3 f4
Postal code : 3400-3402
Coordinates : 614325  /  211670 coordinates: 47 ° 3 '21 "  N , 7 ° 37' 38"  O ; CH1903:  614325  /  211670
Height : 557  m above sea level M.
Height range : 518–734 m above sea level M.
Area : 15.56  km²
Residents: i16,420 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 967 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners :
(residents without
citizenship )
14.97% (2,016)
Unemployment rate : 3.3% (2,016)
City President : Stefan Berger ( SP )
Website: www.burgdorf.ch
Burgdorf Castle

Burgdorf Castle

Location of the municipality
Brienzersee Kanton Luzern Kanton Solothurn Kanton Solothurn Verwaltungskreis Bern-Mittelland Verwaltungskreis Interlaken-Oberhasli Verwaltungskreis Seeland Verwaltungskreis Thun Verwaltungskreis Oberaargau Aefligen Affoltern im Emmental Alchenstorf Bätterkinden Burgdorf BE Dürrenroth Eggiwil Ersigen Hasle bei Burgdorf Heimiswil Heimiswil Hellsau Hindelbank Höchstetten BE Kernenried Kirchberg BE Koppigen Krauchthal Langnau im Emmental Lauperswil Lützelflüh Lützelflüh Lützelflüh Lyssach Mötschwil Oberburg BE Oberburg BE Oberburg BE Röthenbach im Emmental Rüderswil Rüdtligen-Alchenflüh Rüegsau Rumendingen Rüti bei Lyssach Schangnau Signau Sumiswald Trachselwald Trub Trubschachen Utzenstorf Wiler bei Utzenstorf Willadingen Wynigen ZielebachMap of Burgdorf
About this picture

Burgdorf (in the Bern German local dialect Burdlef [ˈbʊːrdləf] , French Berthoud ) is a town and municipality in the Emmental administrative district of the canton of Bern , Switzerland .


Event history

Burtorf was mentioned for the first time in 1175 in connection with a deed of donation by Duke Berchtold IV of Zähringen , but this only referred to the castle, as the city was only just emerging. However, the house of Zähringen died out in 1218, which put an end to the dream of this noble family of establishing a territorially closed princely state in the area of ​​southern Germany and German-speaking Switzerland. A large part of the inheritance, including Burgdorf, came to the House of Neu-Kyburg , which was related in a complicated way to the House of Habsburg . The city has the coat of arms of the Kyburgers (black and white with yellow border).

In 1273 the Golden Handfeste came into force, the oldest surviving version of the Burgdorf town charter . Some provisions remained in force for over 500 years, until the fall of the Old Confederation . Presumably the Kyburgers took over and extended existing rights from the Zähringian period. Overall, the city received extensive autonomy from the Kyburger noble family.

In 1384 the city came into the possession of the city of Bern . The background is the rapid economic decline of the house (Neu-) Kyburg. In their financial distress, the Kyburgs first turned to their powerful relatives, the Habsburgs. This triggered defensive attitudes in the bourgeois Burgdorf ruling class, because (probably not entirely wrongly) a curtailment of the extensive autonomy of the Princely House was feared. The up-and-coming city of Bern seized the opportunity and besieged the city. Kyburg initially offered military resistance in the Burgdorf War of 1383/84, but ultimately had to submit. Burgdorf formally changed hands through purchase ; Bern wanted to avoid the appearance of illegal appropriation, and the impoverished Kyburgers needed the money.

In the years 1475/1476 established a stranger, perhaps in conjunction with the neighboring Carthusian Thorberg Castle Thornberg , a printer and printed seven theological and devotional works in Latin.

In a major fire in the upper town in 1706, around 60 houses burned down. In 1729 the first solemnity (still held today, the school festival, the "Solätte") was held at the suggestion of dean Johann Rudolf Gruner , who is also the founder of the city library.

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi developed his teaching and upbringing method in Burgdorf from 1800 to 1804 and justified this theoretically in his main work How Gertrud teaches her children .

In 1899 the Burgdorf-Thun-Bahn was opened as the first electric full -line railway in Europe. Motorization in the 20th century ultimately meant that in 1989 the entire Upper Town was declared free of traffic. The Franz Gertsch Museum, financed by private funds, was opened in autumn 2002 .

Archaeological studies of the last decades make it possible to better understand the structural development of the city in the Middle Ages (see also the literature section).

Place name

The city explains the name in a playful way on its website: Burgdorf is not a village, but a city. The castle, however, is there, it is just called a castle .

Linguistically, there is a combination of “castle” and “village”, with the latter meaning a closed settlement as opposed to individual settlements. The earliest mention of the castle as castellum Bertaldi ducis can be found in the chronicle of Bernold von Konstanz from the year 1084 and probably refers to Berthold I of Rheinfelden (the town came to the Zähringer only after 1080). The village itself is mentioned from 1175, so in 1175 in de Burtorf Albertus de Porta, 1201 in Anselmus de Burcdorf and 1210 in Actum in Burgundia, in castello Burgdorf . The opinion that the name of Bertholds IV. Von Zähringen was originally the name of Bertholds IV. Von Zähringen in the determinant Burgstecke , which was later reinterpreted as “Burg”, is rejected by today's place name research . The French name Berthoud , on the other hand, may actually go back to the name Berthold , but to the owner name Berthold I of Rheinfelden mentioned in the first document and not to the city founder Berthold IV of Zähringen.


View from the castle to the old town
Burgdorf, historical aerial photo from 1919, taken from a height of 400 meters by Walter Mittelholzer
Staldenstrasse and Staldenbrücke between the old lower town and upper town (right, outside the picture)

The municipality of Burgdorf consists of a larger area to the left of the Emme and a smaller part to the right of the Emme. The urban settlement developed around the old town and the castle hill. The residential areas Obere Allmend, Schachen, Schützenmatt, Felseggquartier, Bahnhofquartier and Schlangeschächeli are located along the Emme. The old town includes the castle, the old market and the upper town. The Burgdorf-Steinhof train station and the Emmental AG Burgdorf regional hospital are located in the large new urban area southwest of the old town. The Oberburg train station and the "Burgdorf Süd" district are also still on Burgdorf municipal soil. Towards the southwest, in the wooded hilly landscape, part of the valley on the Krauchalbach belongs to Burgdorf. To the east of the Emme are the residential areas Lorraine, Gyrisberg and Ey. In the north, Burgdorf has a share in the Ösch valley with the hamlet of Grafenschüren.

The considerable difference in altitude on a short route between the old lower town and the upper town has been overcome since 1835 with an extended, self-bridging road that leads over the Staldenbrücke.

Economy and education

In modern times there were numerous, very active pottery companies in the Burgdorf Upper and Lower Town, among which those of the Vögeli, Gammeter and Aeschlimann families deserve special mention.

In the 19th and 20th centuries there were several machine and medical technology companies in the city. Around ten small power plants have been in operation in the Burgdorf area since the 1920s .

Burgdorf is known as the “city of schools” in the canton. Today there are a total of seven schools, three kindergartens and a technical college with two departments in Burgdorf. The foundation stone for the school town was laid in 1798 by Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi , who worked in Burgdorf for five years. He built an elementary school and a teacher training college in the castle in Burgdorf. In the course of later decades, in addition to the elementary schools, the largest grammar school in the canton of Bern, the technical center (today's technical college) and a large vocational school were built in Burgdorf. The departments of Architecture, Wood and Construction and Technology and Computer Science of the Bern University of Applied Sciences are represented here.

In 2009 the political discussion about a more extensive centralization of the University of Applied Sciences began, so that the Burgdorf location is also discussed. In February 2011, the decision of principle of the government council was announced: The aim is to strengthen the technical college in the Swiss competition by concentrating the BFH in Bern and Biel. The Burgdorf location will therefore be closed in the medium term.

To this day, Burgdorf is committed to a comprehensive and high-quality education system and strengthens the Burgdorf educational location with schools and training centers of regional importance. The city is therefore also investing in the construction of new school facilities and in the establishment of a regional education center on site.


Burgdorf has a public hospital with 24-hour emergency care. Together with the Langnau Hospital, it forms the Emmental AG Regional Hospital.


4th 12 4th 7th 
A total of 40 seats

The full-time city ​​president has been Stefan Berger ( SP ) since 2017 . The other six members of the executive, called the municipal council , are part-time. Since the elections on November 27, 2016, the municipal council has been composed as follows: 2 SP , 2 BDP , 1 glp , 1 GPS , 1 EPP . The legislature lasts four years. The municipal council is elected according to the majority vote, with the election of the city president taking place on the same day as the other municipal elections, but as a separate election. A special feature of the Burgdorf executive election process throughout Switzerland is that since 2004 there has only been one ballot, i.e. That is, the relative majority is sufficient for the choice .

Since 1921, Burgdorf has had a legislature called the City Council with 40 members. Before that there was a community meeting . The city council has been elected on the basis of proportional representation since it was founded. The party composition and the voting shares are as follows:

Political party Seats
Share of votes in
Share of votes in
Share of votes in
SP and unions 11 25.73% 11 24.64% 12 27.10%
SVP Burgdorf 6th 14.88% 7th 17.67% 7th 17.80%
BDP Burgdorf 7th 16.69% 7th 16.38% 5 12.92%
FDP of the city of Burgdorf 5 10.53% 4th 9.64% 5 9.33%
Green Burgdorf (until 2012 GFL Burgdorf) 5 13.01% 4th 10.86% 4th 11.13%
Green Liberals Burgdorf (glp) - - 2 6.06% 4th 7.84%
EPP 3 7.29% 2 6.50% 2 6.75%
EDU Burgdorf 1 3.95% 1 4.00% 1 3.47%
young liberals / young list Burgdorf (jf) 1 2.38% 1 2.00% 0 1.86%
CVP Burgdorf region 1 3.34% 1 2.24% 0 1.80%
Swiss Democrats (SD) 0 2.20% - - - -

The presidium of the city council changes every year (new election at the last meeting of the previous year) and is assigned alternately between the parties according to unwritten rules; In 2019, Barbara Lüthi-Kohler of the SVP is city council president.

The voting shares of the parties in the 2019 National Council election were: SP 21.4%, SVP 18.4%, GPS 15.7%, glp 11.3%, BDP 9.8%, FDP 8.8%, EPP 6.1 %, EDU (incl. DM) 2.8%, CVP 1.0%.


Population development
year 1764 1850 1880 1900 1930 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2017
Residents 1225 3636 6549 8404 9772 11,586 13,936 15,888 15,379 15,373 14'714 15,402 17187

Town twinning

Burgdorf maintains official partnerships with

Friendly relations are maintained with the other Zähringer towns.

Art and culture


  • The Solstätte ( Solkeit ) is a folk festival that is celebrated in Burgdorf on the last Monday of June. The first Solstätte took place in 1729 with a school move. The school move is still part of it today. On June 26, 2005, the 275th Sol Place was celebrated.
  • The first Burgdorf crime days took place in 1993 and 1994 . Since then, this crime festival has been held every two years, which revolves around fictional, literary, theatrical and real crime novels.


Burgdorf writer

The Yenish writer Albert Minder lived in Burgdorf. From 1926 to 1928 he was a city ​​councilor as a member of the SPS . His most important works: The son of the homeless (1925) and The Korberchronik - From the traveling book of a homeless person (1948). A path in the Steinhof district is named after him.



Panorama over the Schützenmatte with Gisnauflüe

Web links

Commons : Burgdorf  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


Individual evidence

  1. Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
  2. ^ City of Burgdorf - key figures. Retrieved October 8, 2017 .
  3. ^ City of Burgdorf - key figures. Retrieved October 8, 2017 .
  4. a b Place name book of the Canton of Bern I 4, ed. by Thomas Franz Schneider and Erich Blatter, Basel / Tübingen 2011, Sp. 747–749.
  5. ^ Collection of Swiss legal sources. Section II: The Legal Sources of the Canton of Bern, Part Two: Rights of the Landscape, Volume 9: The Legal Sources of the City of Burgdorf and its Lordship and the Burgdorf Mayor Office , by Anne-Marie Dubler, Aarau 1995.
  6. ^ Ferdinand Geldner: Die Deutschen Inkunabeldrucker, a manual of the German book printers of the 15th century according to places of printing ; Verlag Anton Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1968–1970, 2 volumes, ISBN 3-7772-6825-9 , especially volume 1 p. 223.
  7. https://www.be-burgdorf.ch/ BURGdorf in the canton of Bern ...
  8. Lexicon of Swiss Community Names , ed. from the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol, Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 204.
  9. The construction of the Staldenbrücke and the Stalden correction. A piece of Burgdorf building history. In: Burgdorfer Jahrbuch, 1935.
  10. ^ Andreas Heege: The potteries Vögeli in the Burgdorfer lower town. In: Burgdorfer Jahrbuch 83, 2016, pp. 41–68.
  11. Communication on the location discussion of the FH ( Memento from July 28, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  12. Bern University of Applied Sciences is concentrated in Bern and Biel. Media release from the Canton of Bern. In: be.ch. February 2, 2011, archived from the original on June 23, 2016 ; accessed on January 21, 2017 .
  13. ^ Philippe Müller: SVP and FDP fly out of the government. Berner Zeitung, November 28, 2016, accessed on November 30, 2016 .
  14. Website of the city: election results ( Memento of the original from December 11, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.burgdorf.ch
  15. Allocation of seats. (PDF) (No longer available online.) City of Burgdorf, November 27, 2016, archived from the original on November 30, 2016 ; accessed November 30, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.burgdorf.ch
  16. ^ State Chancellery of the Canton of Bern: election results Burgdorf. October 20, 2019, accessed July 24, 2020 .
  17. ^ Alfred G. Roth: Town House and Burgdorf Citizens' Council Office. (Swiss Art Guide, No. 128). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History. Bern 1972, ISBN 978-3-85782-128-8 .