Hasle near Burgdorf
|Canton :||Bern (BE)|
|Administrative district :||Emmental|
|BFS no. :||0406|
|Postal code :||3415|
|UN / LOCODE :||CH HRU (Hasle-Rüegsau)|
|Coordinates :||616 413 / 207306|
|Height :||571 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||555–925 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||21.89 km²|
|Residents:||3286 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||150 inhabitants per km²|
|Mayor :||Walter Scheidegger ( SVP )|
|Location of the municipality|
Hasle bei Burgdorf is a municipality in the Emmental administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland .
Hasle near Burgdorf is 571 m above sea level. M. , 5 km south-southeast of the city of Burgdorf (linear distance). The village is located in the Emmental in the floodplain and on the adjoining terrace area on the left side of the Emme , in Molassehügelland the higher Swiss Central Plateau .
The area of the 21.9 km² municipal area covers a section of the Emmental. The north-eastern border always runs along the channeled and straightened Emme. The main settlement area is the floodplain and the gravel terraces , which are around 20 m higher than the river bed. In the Hasle area near Burgdorf, the Emmental is around 1 to 2 km wide. From the southwest and south, four side valleys flow into the Emmental, namely the Biembachtal , the Bigental , the Talgraben and the Goldbachtal . Almost the entire catchment area of the Biembachtal belongs to Hasle near Burgdorf, while in the other valleys only the lowest section is part of the municipality.
The entire western and southern part of the municipal ban is occupied by Molasse heights between the Emmental and the Aare valley. This landscape is characterized by numerous ridges as well as valleys and ditches, which often show very steep slopes, which makes the agricultural cultivation of this area difficult. For this reason, forests and pastureland predominate in the higher elevations. The hill country reaches an average height of 800 m above sea level. M. On the Wägesse , a wide ridge between the Biembachtal and the Widimattgraben (side valley of the Bigental) is 918 m above sea level. M. reached the highest point of Hasle near Burgdorf. In 1997, 7% of the municipal area was settled, 32% forest and woodland, 60% agriculture and a little less than 1% was unproductive land.
Hasle near Burgdorf is divided into four parts of the municipality, so-called quarters (today school districts), which are symbolically represented as four hazel leaves in Hasle's coat of arms:
- Hasle in the Emmental with the settlements Kalchofen ( 570 m above sea level ) and Tschamerii ( 558 m above sea level ) in the valley floodplain .
- Biembach in the valley of the Biembach, southwest of the village with the main settlements of Stollen ( 620 m above sea level ), Biembach ( 642 m above sea level ) and Äschbach ( 725 m above sea level ).
- Schafhausen ( 606 m above sea level ) in Bigental south of the village with the hamlets Uetigen ( 595 m above sea level ), Untergomerkinden ( 627 m above sea level ), Obergomerkinden ( 630 m above sea level ), all on Biglenbach , and Schwand ( 820 m above sea level ) at the height west of the Bigental.
- Goldbach ( 586 m above sea level ) on the stream of the same name southeast of the village with the hamlets of Bigel ( 611 m above sea level ) at the entrance to the valley ditch, Tal ( 674 m above sea level ) in the valley ditch and Otzenberg ( 727 m above sea level . M. ) at a height west of the Goldbach valley.
In addition, numerous farm groups and individual farms, which are widely scattered in the valleys and on the hills, belong to the community. Neighboring communities of Hasle bei Burgdorf are Rüegsau , Lützelflüh , Rüderswil , Walkringen , Vechigen , Oberburg , Burgdorf and Heimiswil .
With 3286 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2018) Hasle bei Burgdorf is one of the medium-sized communities in the canton of Bern. 95.9% of the residents speak German, 0.8% speak Serbo-Croatian and 0.4% speak Albanian (as of 2000). The population of Hasle near Burgdorf was 2253 in 1850 , and 2390 in 1900. In the course of the 20th century, the population slowly increased to 2944 people by 1970. A strong emigration during the 1970s led to a population decline to 2,682 inhabitants (1980). Since then, a slight increase in population has been recorded.
The voting shares of the parties on the occasion of the National Council election in 2019 were: SVP 39.1%, BDP 12.1%, SP 9.5%, GPS 7.6%, glp 7.8%, EDU 5.8%, EVP 6.1 %, FDP 5.1%, CVP 1.0%.
Until the second half of the 19th century, Hasle bei Burgdorf was predominantly an agricultural village. However, trade and industry developed early on in the main settlement of Hasle. A hat factory, a weaving mill and a brewery were established here in the course of the 19th century.
The large hinterland still lives from agriculture, in particular from dairy farming and cattle breeding , and there is also arable and fruit growing . Numerous other jobs are available in the commercial and service sectors. In Hasle near Burgdorf, a company for industrial supplies, a parquet factory and companies in the building trade, the animal feed industry, the electrical industry and wood processing are represented today. Several gravel pits are being exploited on the gravel terrace south of the village. Many workers are also commuters who work mainly in the Burgdorf region and in the Bern agglomeration.
Due to the close cooperation with the neighboring community of Rüegsau , the post office, the train station, the secondary school as well as some clubs and shops bear the place name Hasle-Rüegsau .
The community is very well developed in terms of traffic. It is located on the main road from Burgdorf to Langnau in the Emmental . On May 12, 1881, the railway line from Burgdorf to Langnau with the Hasle-Rüegsau station was opened. The route from Hasle-Rüegsau to Thun was commissioned on July 21, 1899. A postbus course , which serves the route from Hasle-Rüegsau to Affoltern in the Emmental , ensures that the public transport is finely distributed .
As early as 894, the settlements Uetigen ( Utingun ), Gomerkinden ( Comirichingun ), Bigel ( Pigiluna ) and other hamlets were mentioned in a donation to the Sankt Gallen monastery . However, Hasle was first mentioned in a document in 1255 under the name Hasela . Later the names Hasle (1261), Hassly (1531) and Hassle (1574) appeared. The place name goes back to the Old High German word hasal (hazel bush ).
In the Middle Ages, Hasle near Burgdorf was under the sovereignty of the Kyburger . It was part of the Ranflüh regional court and came under the rule of Bern in 1384. In 1525 the village was assigned to the Burgdorf mayor's office. After the collapse of the Ancien Régime (1798), Hasle near Burgdorf belonged to the Burgdorf district during the Helvetic Republic and from 1803 to the Burgdorf Oberamt, which was given the status of an official district with the new cantonal constitution of 1831.
The reformed church was originally built in the Middle Ages, but was largely rebuilt from 1678 to 1680 in the Baroque style. Get are late Gothic frescoes from the previous building from the 15th century. The covered wooden bridge north of the village was built in 1839 and with an arch span of 60.15 m is the longest wooden arch tension bridge in Europe.
- Official website of the municipality of Hasle near Burgdorf
- Anne-Marie Dubler : Hasle near Burgdorf. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- ↑ Permanent resident population from STAT-TAB of the BfS , municipalities see also regional portraits 2020 on bfs.admin.ch, accessed on May 29, 2020
- ↑ Results of the community Hasle near Burgdorf. State Chancellery of the Canton of Bern, October 20, 2019, accessed on July 30, 2020 .
- ↑ Data on the bridge ( Memento of the original from September 11, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.