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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Béla IV.
Béla IV of Hungary is defeated by Frederick II of Austria in the Battle of the Leitha .
Duke Friedrich II., Babenberg family tree, around 1490, Klosterneuburg Abbey
The interregnum begins in Austria with the death of Duke Friedrich II, the last Babenberger , in the Battle of the Leitha .
1246 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 694/695 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1238/39
Buddhist calendar 1789/90 (southern Buddhism); 1788/89 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the fire horse丙午 ( at the beginning of the year wood snake 乙巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 608/609 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 624/625
Islamic calendar 643/644 (turn of the year 18/19 May)
Jewish calendar 5006/07 (September 12/13)
Coptic Calendar 962/963
Malayalam calendar 421/422
Seleucid era Babylon: 1556/57 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1557/58 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1284
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1302/03 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Anglo-Welsh War

The decision in the Anglo-Welsh War comes with the sudden death of Lord Dafydd ap Llywelyn of Gwynedd on February 25th . Demoralized by the death of their leader and weakened by the British trade blockade and a resulting famine, Maredudd ab Owain and Maredudd ap Rhys, the first Welsh lords of Central and South Wales, submit to King Henry III of England . When the royal commander Nicholas de Moels, with the help of his new Welsh allies, led an English army from Carmarthen through the highlands of Wales to Deganwy in the summer , Owain Goch and Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , the sons of Dafydd's brother Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr , saw each other inherited Gwynedd, politically isolated.

Holy Roman Empire

Heinrich Raspe's certificate for Hermann I von Lobdeburg , Bishop of Würzburg , and his church, issued on May 23, 1246

Western and Southern Europe

  • March 1245 or 1246: Pope Innocent IV accuses King Sancho II of Portugal of the worst offenses in the Bull Inter alia desiderabilia , on July 24th in Grandi non immerito he declares him an “unfit ruler” ( rex inutilis ) and his brother Alfons III. to the "administrator and defender" of the kingdom. Sancho II, however, is not prepared to accept this dismissal without a fight; civil war breaks out in Portugal .


A group of Boljars around the third wife of the late Tsar Ivan Assen II , Irene Komnene , overthrew and murder Ivan's underage successor, Kaliman I Assen, and crowned Irenes' also underage son Michael II Assen as Tsar of the Second Bulgarian Empire under the reign of his mother.

Emperor John III von Nikaia uses the weakness of the Bulgarian Empire to conquer Eastern Thracia , the Rhodope Mountains and a large part of Macedonia .

When John III. stays in Melnik during his offensive against the Bulgarian Empire , the magnates of the Kingdom of Thessaloniki conspire against the unpopular ruler Demetrios Komnenos Dukas and deliver the city to the imperial troops in December. Demetrios is deposed and banished to the fortress Lentiana in Bithynia . Thessaloniki becomes part of the expanding Nikaia Empire, which sees itself in the tradition of the Byzantine Empire .

Mongol Empire and Eastern Europe

Güyük Khan , son of Ögedei Khan and the regent Töregene Hatun , is enthroned on a Kurultai as the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire after Batu Khan of the Golden Horde managed to postpone this enthronement for years.

Svyatoslav III. Vsevolodovich becomes Grand Duke of Vladimir according to the seniority principle . He succeeds his brother Jaroslaw II. Vsevolodowitsch , who was murdered on September 30th at the court of the Mongolian Great Khan in Karakoram . Yaroslav's sons Andrei Jaroslawitsch and Alexander Jaroslawitsch Newski try to enforce their own succession to the throne and protest against Batu Khan.

Crusader States


City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology


  • Construction on the Sainte-Chapelle begins.
  • With the register book of Passau's dean Albert Behaim , a manuscript is made from paper for the first time.




First half of the year

Isabella's grave in Fontevrault
Heiligenkreuz Abbey , chapter house with high grave of Duke Friedrich II.

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1246  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files