|Heinrich Raspe ...||Wilhelm of Holland against King Frederick II.|
|1247 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||695/696 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1790/91 (southern Buddhism); 1789/90 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||609/610 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||644/645 (turn of the year 7/8 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5007/08 (September 1st / 2nd)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1557/58 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1558/59 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1303/04 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- Beginning of the year: Heinrich Raspe , who in the previous year was elected by the ecclesiastical imperial princes as anti-king of the papally banned and deposed Friedrich II , leads a campaign against the supporters of the Hohenstaufen in the empire and besieges the cities of Ulm and Reutlingen . When he was injured in a skirmish off Reutlingen, he surprisingly gave up the fight and withdrew to the Wartburg.
- February 16 : With the death of Heinrich Raspe on the Wartburg , the Thuringian landgrave dynasty of the Ludowingers dies out in the male line. With that the Thuringian War of Succession begins . The Wettins , lords of the margraviate of Meißen , and the last survivors of the family, Sophie von Brabant , daughter of Landgrave Ludwig IV and niece of Heinrich Raspes, claim the inheritance for their son Heinrich .
- October 3 : Wilhelm von Holland is the only German prince who finds himself ready to fight against the Hohenstaufen dynasty, elected by the papal party in Worringen to be the anti-king against Emperor Friedrich II. And his son Conrad IV .
- December 13th : Wilhelm von Holland and his armed forces begin the siege of Kaiserswerth , an important Hohenstaufen town with an imperial palace on the Lower Rhine.
- April 30th : The Anglo-Welsh War ends with the Woodstock Treaty . Owain Goch and Llywelyn ap Gruffydd , the princes of Gwynedd , must obey King Henry III of England . make extensive concessions and forego all of Perfeddwlad , which will be added to County Chester . Henry III breaks with the Woodstock Treaty. the supremacy of Gwynedd over the other Welsh principalities and nominally achieved supremacy over Wales itself . To secure Perfeddwlad, the king began building Dyserth and Deganwy Castle , and he had other castles such as Painscastle and Builth built . By promoting boroughs , he brought English settlers into the conquered land.
Other events worldwide
- November 1st : The Franciscans Johann von Carpini and Brother Benedikt return from a trip that led them on behalf of Innocent IV following the first Lyon Council in 1245 to the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire in Karakorum .
- After the death of his father, al-Kamil Muhammad becomes ruler of the Ayyubid Empire of Jazira in Mesopotamia .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- First documented mention of Allmersbach am Weinberg , Dossenbach , Hermance , Hinterrübach , Maisprach , Gibstorf , Salzkotten , Steinhilben , Villigen , Winkeln and Winzerhausen .
- Helmstedt and Salzkotten receive city rights .
- The construction of a common city wall around Berlin and Cölln begins.
- With the first mention of water tariffs on the Neckar mouth of the leaves inland waterways in Mannheim evidence.
science and technology
The Salzburg Cathedral Chapter unanimously elects Philipp von Spanheim , a son of Duke Bernhard II of Carinthia , to succeed Archbishop Eberhard von Regensberg, who died the previous year . In order not to endanger his inheritance claims on Carinthia, Philipp does not allow himself to be consecrated. Pope Innocent IV ignores the election and on February 25th appoints Burkhart von Ziegenhain, opponent of the Empire, as the new Archbishop of Salzburg . On March 6th, Burkhart was ordained a priest and bishop in Lyon, before he received the pallium from the Pope shortly afterwards . However, Burkhart no longer made it to Salzburg. He drowns in Lake Constance on 23 or 25 August while traveling from Lyon to Salzburg . It is uncertain whether it is an accident or a forced removal. Philipp von Spanheim succeeds Burkhart as administrator and Elekt , without ever being consecrated.
- Pope Innocent IV orders rule changes:
- Heinrich IV. Von Württemberg succeeds Friedrich II. Von Parsberg, who died the previous year, as Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt .
- Newenham Abbey is donated.
- The Seligenporten monastery is incorporated into the Cistercian order.
- Robert Fitzwalter, 1st Baron Fitzwalter , English nobleman and military man († 1326 )
- Margareta von Cortona , Italian penitent and member of the Third Order of St. Francis of Assisi, saint of the Catholic Church († 1297 )
- Raschīd ad-Dīn , Persian vizier of the Ilkhans in Tabriz and writer († 1318 )
- Ulaqchi Khan , Khan of the Blue Horde († 1257 )
- around 1247: Obizzo II. d'Este , Signore of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio nell'Emilia († 1293 )
- around 1247: Tekuder , Sultan of the Mongolian Ilchans of Persia († 1284 )
- 1247/ 1248 : Peter Olivi , French theologian († 1296 / 1298 )
First half of the year
- February 12 : Ermesinde , Countess of Luxembourg, la Roche and Durbuy (* 1186 )
- February 16 : Heinrich Raspe , Landgrave of Thuringia, German anti-king (* around 1206 )
- March 10th : Arnold I , Abbot of St. Blasien
- April 14th : Bernhard IV. Zur Lippe , Bishop of Paderborn
- May 9 : Richard de Bures , Grand Master of the Templar Order
- June 8th / 11th : Landolf von Hoheneck , Bishop of Worms
- June 10 : Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada , cleric, general and historian, Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain (* 1170 )
- June: Ludolf von Holte , Bishop of Münster
Second half of the year
- July 25 : Heinrich III. , Count of Tecklenburg, Count of Vechta-Vlotho and Vogt von Metelen (* around 1217 )
- 23 / August 25 : Burkhart of Ziegenhain , Archbishop of Salzburg
- August 31 : Conrad I , Duke of Mazovia, Duke Kujawy, Sieradz and Łęczyca, and Senior Duke of Poland (* 1187 / 1188 )
- September 4th : Balian , Lord of Beirut (* around 1210 )
- September 22nd : William de Ferrers, 4th Earl of Derby , English magnate (* around 1162 )
- around October 30th : Konrad von Dürkheim , Bishop of Worms
- November 1st : Rudolf II , Count Palatine of Tübingen and Vogt of Sindelfingen
- December 7th : Theobald von Marly , abbot of the monastery of Vaux-de-Cernay and saint of the Catholic Church (* around 1200 )
- December 27th : Hermann II , count of Weimar-Orlamünde (* around 1184 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Dietrich , Bishop of Schwerin
- Sune Folkesson , Swedish nobleman
- Guido von Cortona , Italian Franciscan (* 1187 )
- Mawe Sengge , clergyman of the Shiche school of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1186 )
- Töregene Hatun , regent of the Mongol Empire (* around 1185 )
Died around 1247
- Demetrios Komnenos Dukas , ruler of Thessaloniki (* around 1220 )
- Tomoe Gozen , Japanese warrior (* around 1157 )