Calendar overview 1206
Genghis Khan proclaims himself Great Khan of all Mongols
and begins the conquest of Asia .
|1206 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||654/655 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1749/50 (southern Buddhism); 1748/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||65th (66th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||568/569 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||602/603 (turn of the year August 7/8)|
|Jewish calendar||4966/67 (September 4th / 5th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1516/17 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1517/18 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1262/63 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- June 9th : Gunzelin von Wolfenbüttel conquers the city of Goslar for Otto von Braunschweig . Nevertheless, Otto is still on the defensive in the German throne dispute.
- July 27th : In the battle for the Roman-German imperial crown near Wassenberg , the Staufer Philipp von Schwaben wins over the Guelph Otto von Braunschweig . Wassenberg is looted and devastated by Philip's troops, the Archbishop of Cologne , Bruno IV von Sayn , is captured. After the battle, the two kings meet for the first time. However, the negotiations fail, whereupon Otto withdraws to Braunschweig .
- August 20 : On the news of the death of his brother Baldwin I in Bulgarian captivity , his brother Heinrich von Hainaut is crowned second emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople in the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople . He then begins to take action against the Bulgarian Tsar Kalojan , who has just destroyed Didymotika , and beats him in a field battle. For the first time, the Latins are also being supported by the local Greeks, who had to suffer from the previous destructive action of the Bulgarians. With their support Heinrich succeeds in gradually regaining control of Thrace .
- On November 1st, he was finally able to move into Adrianople . He entrusts the command in the city to the Greek Theodoros Branas . Thereupon Heinrich for his part goes plundering through Thrace and destroys cities and fortresses, including Aquae Calidae .
- Theodor I , Byzantine emperor in exile in Nikaia , is crowned Emperor of Nikaia . John X. Kamateros refuses to crown Theodore and declares his renunciation of the office of Patriarch of Constantinople .
- The siege of Trebizond ends unsuccessfully for the attacking Rum Seljuks under Sultan Kai Chosrau . When the sultan was worn down by the long, fruitless siege, he received an offer from the Latin Empire to offer him a joint alliance against the Nikaia Empire. Kai Chosrau then turns against Attaleia .
- Franco-English War from 1202 to 1214 : In April Johann Ohneland prepares another expedition against the French King Philip II to south-west France to organize the defense of his remaining possessions there. On June 7th, he reached La Rochelle .
- On October 26, the two kings conclude an armistice in which Philip II recognizes the reconquest of large parts of the Poitou .
- The childless Muhammad von Ghur declares his slave Qutb-ud-Din Aibak , who comes from Turkistan , to be his representative in the empire of the Ghurids . A short time later he was murdered on March 15th . Qutb-ud-Din Aibak takes control of Lahore and establishes the so-called slave dynasty . A little later he moved his capital to Delhi and founded the Sultanate of Delhi . Part of the crumbling Ghurid Empire falls under the rule of the powerful Khorezm Shah Ala ad-Din Muhammad .
- Genghis Khan is appointed Great Khan of all Mongols on a Kurultai at the source of the Onon by the tribal princes and shamans present and begins the conquest of Asia . His son Ögedei is commissioned to write down a code of law, the Jassa .
First documentary mentions
- Dresden is mentioned for the first time in a document that has been preserved. The document exhibited in Dresden deals with a court hearing for the razing of Thorun Castle on Burgwartsberg .
- around 1206/1207 : The prince's praise was created and found in the Sängerkrieg collection at the Wartburg .
- The Yasang Monastery , the founding monastery of the Yasang Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism founded by Kelden Yeshe Sengge , is founded.
- In Toulouse , a cooperative of priests who, by developing Dominic encouraged to live in total poverty and the conversion of the Albigensian pay. Dominikus and Diego de Acebo found the Prouille Monastery and expand it into a “spiritual fortress against Catharism ”.
- The Mariensee Monastery and the San Tommaso dei Borgognoni Monastery are founded.
Date of birth saved
- April 7 : Otto II , Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine near the Rhine († 1253 )
- November: Béla IV. , King of Hungary, Croatia, Dalmatia and Rama, Duke of Styria († 1270 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Godan Khan , Mongolian Khan and military († 1251 )
- Güyük Khan , Great Khan of the Mongols († 1248 )
- Il-yeon , Korean monk, scholar and writer († 1289 )
- Ita von Entringen , German noblewoman († 1273 )
- Bonajunkta Manetti (Johannes) , Italian saint, founder of the order († 1267 )
- Maria Laskaris of Nicaea , Queen of Hungary († 1270 )
- John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon , Anglo-Scottish magnate († 1237 )
Born around 1206
- Margaret de Lacy, Countess of Lincoln , English nobleman († 1266 )
- John Fitz Geoffrey , English nobleman and Justiciar of Ireland († 1258 )
Date of death secured
- March 5th : Thietmar , Bishop of Minden
- March 15 : Muhammad von Ghur , ruler of the central Afghan Ghurid Empire (* 1149 )
- April 1 : Simon II , Duke of Lorraine (* 1140 )
- April 12th : Diethelm von Krenkingen , Abbot of Rheinau and von Reichenau, Bishop of Constance
- April 16 : Fujiwara no Yoshitsune , Japanese politician, poet and calligrapher (* 1169 )
- May 10 : William de Blois , Anglo-Norman clergyman and Bishop of Lincoln
- June 4th : Adela of Champagne , Queen of France (* around 1145 )
- September 28 : Ulrich I. von Wettin , German nobleman (* around 1170 )
- October 6 : Arthold von Belley , Bishop of Belley and Carthusians (* 1101 )
- October 26 : Henry Marshal , English prelate and Bishop of Exeter
- December 6th : Guigues II. D'Albon , Count of Forez and Lyonnais
Exact date of death unknown
- April / May: John X. Kamateros , Patriarch of Constantinople
- November: Roger de Vautort , English nobleman (* between 1164 and 1166)
- Amalric of Bena , French scholar (* around 1140 / 1150 )
- Dietrich von Termonde , Flemish crusader, Lord of Adelon in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and constable of the Latin Empire of Constantinople
- Plebanus of Pisa , Pisan merchant and lord of Batrun in the county of Tripoli
- Siegfried III. , Count of Weimar-Orlamünde (* around 1155 )
- Torgrim von Ljones , Norwegian military leader of the Birkebeiner in the civil war
- Olov Lambatunga , Archbishop of Uppsala