Calendar overview 1201
Albert von Buxthoeven ,
Bishop of Livonia ,
founds the city of Riga .
|Otto IV. Is from Pope Innocent III. recognized as the Roman-German king .|
|1201 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||649/650 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1744/45 (southern Buddhism); 1743/44 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||563/564 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||597/598 (turn of the year September 30th / October 1st)|
|Jewish calendar||4961/62 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1511/12 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1512/13 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1257/58 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
German controversy for the throne
- Pope Innocent III takes a position in the German throne dispute : After Otto of Brunswick on June 8 has sworn in Neuss an oath that he would uphold the papal rights in Central and Southern Italy, the papal legate Guido's Palestrina on July 3 in Cologne recognition of Well known. Otto IV waived large areas of imperial Italy and an independent Italian policy .
- September 9th : Philip of Swabia takes part in the solemn elevation of the bones of Empress Kunigunde of Luxembourg , who was canonized by Innocent last year .
- Innocent III. bans Philip of Swabia and his followers, especially the authors of the Speyer prince declaration .
Other events in the Holy Roman Empire
- March 22nd : Yaroslav , Duke of Opole , dies. As a result, the duchy falls back to his father Boleslaw I of Silesia . After Boleslaw's death on December 18 , the entire duchy fell to his son Henry the Bearded . But Heinrich's uncle Mieszko I of Ratibor also lays claim to the (partial) duchy of Opole.
- Duke Waldemar II of Schleswig defeated with the support of his brother Knut VI. of Denmark in the battle of Stellau Count Adolf III. von Schauenburg and Holstein and takes him prisoner.
- The Bremen canon Albert von Buxthoeven , Bishop of Livonia since 1199 , founded the city of Riga at the mouth of the Daugava together with merchants and moved his bishopric from nearby Uexküll there.
- July 25 : After the death of Gruffydd ap Rhys , Prince of the Welsh Principality of Deheubarth , his brother Maelgwn ap Rhys continues his battle against Gruffydd's sons and heirs Rhys ap Gruffydd and Owain ap Gruffydd . In the same year he conquered Cilgerran Castle .
- Llywelyn ab Iorwerth consolidates his rule over the kingdom of Gwynedd and annexes Eifionydd and Llŷn in the north . In July he signs a treaty with King John of England . This document is the oldest written agreement between an English king and a Welsh ruler. Under the terms of the contract, Llywelyn must swear fealty to King John and pay homage to the king. In return, the English king confirms Llywelyn's possessions acquired through conquest.
- July 31 : The Byzantine nobleman Johannes Komnenos the Fat rises, possibly at the instigation of the ambitious Alexios Dukas Murtzuphlos , with the support of the people of Constantinople against Emperor Alexios III. Angelos . The pretender has himself crowned by a monk in Hagia Sophia , while his followers take control of the hippodrome and establish themselves in the Grand Palace . From his residence in the Blachernen Palace, Alexios III. his son-in-law Alexios Palaiologos with a naval force across the Golden Horn against the palace district. The next morning, with the help of the Varangian Guard, the imperial troops subdue the supporters of John, who is arrested and beheaded.
Fourth Crusade and Holy Land
- After the death of Count Theobald III. of Champagne on May 24th, the Crusaders elect the Italian Margrave Boniface I of Montferrat as leader of the planned Fourth Crusade at a rapidly convened council in Soissons in June on the proposal of Gottfried von Villehardouin .
- In the course of the year, under the influence of the exiled Byzantine prince Alexios Angelos , plans emerge for the first time to divert the crusade from the Holy Land to Constantinople . The plans are made by Pope Innocent III. immediately rejected and any fight against a Christian power explicitly forbidden.
- After the death of Bohemond III. his son Bohemond IV , Count of Tripoli , inherits the Principality of Antioch . But his nephew Raimund also lays claim to rule.
- Philippe du Plessiez succeeds Gilbert Hérail, who died last year, as Grand Master of the Templar Order .
First documentary mentions
- A city council can be documented for the first time in the city of Lübeck .
- Today's minor town of Šatov is first mentioned in a document as Schattau.
- Egerkingen , Halt , Mattstetten , Steinhof and Tentlingen are first mentioned in a document.
- Benedictus Faletro becomes Patriarch of Grado .
- The French monastery Villeneuve is founded.
- Dunkeswell Abbey in England and Valle Crucis Abbey in Wales are founded.
- May 4th : Strong earthquake in Upper Carinthia with the epicenter in Liesertal ; historical records of the destruction of the castles Katsch and Weißenstein as well as some churches (see 1202 ) are in doubt.
Date of birth saved
- May 30 : Theobald I , Count of Champagne and King of Navarre († 1253 )
- October 9 : Robert von Sorbon , French theologian († 1274 )
- October 10 : Richard de Fournival , French cleric, scholar, surgeon, astronomer, alchemist, librarian, poet and musician († 1260 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Daniel , Prince of Russia in the Principality of Halych-Volodymyr and the Principality of Kiev († 1264 )
- John I , King of Sweden († 1222 )
- Thomas von Cantimpré , theologian, naturalist and encyclopedist († 1270 or 1272 )
- Nasir ad-Din at-Tusi , Persian Shiite theologian, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and researcher († 1274 )
Born around 1201
Date of death secured
- March 21 : Absalon of Lund , saint, Archbishop of Lund, Danish church, monastery and town founder (* 1128 )
- March 22nd : Yaroslav , Duke of Opole (* between 1143 and 1163)
- May 24th : Theobald III. , Count of Champagne (* 1179 )
- June 4 : Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani , Muslim chronicler (* 1125 )
- June 16 : Ibn al-Jschauzī , Hanbali scholar, polyhistor and preacher (* 1116 )
- July 25 : Gruffydd ap Rhys , ruler of the Welsh principality of Deheubarth (* around 1160 )
- July: Agnes of Meran , Queen of France (* 1175 )
- August 1st : Johannes Komnenus the Fat , Byzantine aristocrat and usurper (* before 1167)
- September 5 : Konstanze von der Bretagne , Duchess of Bretagne (* 1161 )
- October 6th : Johannes V. Bavor , Bishop of Olomouc
- 15 / October 25 : Timo , Bishop of Bamberg
- December 18 : Boleslaw I , Duke of Silesia (* 1127 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Bohemond III. , Prince of Antioch (* 1144 )
- Roger von Hoveden , English priest, chronicler, historian and diplomat
Died around 1201
- William of Perth , English martyr and saint of the Catholic Church