|Residents||16,189 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||506 inhabitants / km²|
|Patron saint||Santa Tecla|
Este, Piazza Maggiore with Palazzo Comunale
Este is eponymous for the Este culture , which flourished in the Veneto region from the 10th century BC to the Roman period. In the Roman Empire , the city was named Ateste, probably from the river Athesis ( Etsch ), which is said to have flowed past here. It was already in the 2nd century BC. A Municipium and received the rank of Colonia in Augustan times .
After it was destroyed during the Migration Period , Alberto Azzo II. D'Este built a castle here in the 11th century, where the Este dynasty resided until 1240 before they moved to Ferrara . In the 13th century Este was conquered twice by Ezzelino da Romano ; In the 14th century it was a bone of contention between the Scaligians , the Carraresi and the Visconti , until in 1405 it voluntarily placed itself under the rule of the Republic of Venice . Este flourished under Venetian rule, which was only interrupted by the plague of 1630. After the fall of the republic and the Napoleonic Wars , the city and the entire Veneto came under Austrian rule until it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy in the course of the Risorgimento in 1866 .
Sister towns of Este are:
sons and daughters of the town
- Franco Andolfo (1938–2012), Italian-Austrian entertainer, pop singer and composer
- Liam Bertazzo (* 1992), cyclist
- Omar Bertazzo (* 1989), racing cyclist
- Gaetano Callido (1727–1813), organ builder
- Giuseppe Farinelli (1769–1836), composer
- Massimo Graziato (* 1988), racing cyclist
- Francesca Pattaro (* 1995), racing cyclist
- Christian Hülsen : Ateste . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume II, 2, Stuttgart 1896, Col. 1925.
- Official website
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Baron Carl von Czoernig: The ancient peoples of Upper Italy . European History Publishing House, 2012, ISBN 978-3-86382-611-6 , pp. 138 ( limited preview in Google Book Search - reprinted 1885).
- Città di Este - città gemellate ( Memento of the original from May 14, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on May 14, 2018