Bad Windsheim

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bad Windsheim
Bad Windsheim
Map of Germany, location of the city of Bad Windsheim highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 30 '  N , 10 ° 25'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Middle Franconia
County : Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim
Height : 321 m above sea level NHN
Area : 78.25 km 2
Residents: 12,369 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 158 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 91438
Area code : 09841
License plate : NEA, SEF, UFF
Community key : 09 5 75 112
City structure: 14 parts of the community

City administration address :
Marktplatz 1
91438 Bad Windsheim
Website :
Mayor : Jürgen Heckel (WE)
Location of the city of Bad Windsheim in the district of Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim
Landkreis Kitzingen Landkreis Würzburg Landkreis Fürth Landkreis Ansbach Landkreis Erlangen-Höchstadt Landkreis Bamberg Gerhardshofen Bad Windsheim Baudenbach Burgbernheim Burghaslach Dachsbach Diespeck Dietersheim Emskirchen Ergersheim (Mittelfranken) Gallmersgarten Gollhofen Gutenstetten Hagenbüchach Hemmersheim Illesheim Ippesheim Ipsheim Langenfeld (Mittelfranken) Marktbergel Markt Erlbach Markt Nordheim Markt Taschendorf Münchsteinach Neuhof an der Zenn Neustadt an der Aisch Oberickelsheim Obernzenn Osing (Freimarkung) Simmershofen Sugenheim Trautskirchen Uehlfeld Uffenheim Weigenheim Wilhelmsdorf (Mittelfranken) Scheinfeld Oberscheinfeldmap
About this picture
Bad Windsheim from Hoheneck Castle
Bad Windsheim as seen from the Franconian Open Air Museum

Bad Windsheim is listed on the Aisch located town in Central Franconia district of Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim . It is located west of Nuremberg . The health resort and spring location (coronation spring) for some mineral water companies is rural.

Windsheim has been an independent imperial city in the Holy Roman Empire since the Staufer period , which is reflected in the city's coat of arms. Windsheim was only awarded the title “Bad” in 1961.


The place is in Windsheim Bay . The Aisch flows directly to the south of the city and the Rannach flows into the Aisch as a right tributary in the southwest .

City structure

The municipality has 14 officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement and the number of inhabitants as of December 31, 2011 are given in brackets ):

The Linken- and Wasenmühle are not officially named parts of the municipality and belong to Ickelheim. The Mittel- , Neu- and Obermühle have meanwhile been torn down.

Neighboring communities

Neighboring communities are (starting from the north in a clockwise direction): Sugenheim , Ipsheim , Markt Erlbach , Trautskirchen , Obernzenn , Illesheim , Burgbernheim , Ergersheim and Markt Nordheim . In addition, the community-free area Osing borders on the community area.

Nordheim market Sugenheim Ipsheim
Ergersheim Burgbernheim Neighboring communities Erlbach market
Illesheim Obernzenn Trautskirchen


Windsheim in the 17th century, copper engraving by M. Merian
Fountain and old town houses
Street scene: Rothenburger Strasse
Open air museum
Bad Windsheim's old town seen from the wine tower plateau

Until the 19th century

A first documented reference to a settlement (called "Uuinedisheim") comes from the year 741. The place name contains the personal name Winid . The common derivation from viticulture is wrong. The document shows that there was a church in the village that was dedicated to Saint Martin . On the occasion of the establishment of the diocese Diocese of Würzburg , Duke Karlmann donated the St. Martin's Church in Windsheim to the cathedral. The original of this document is no longer available, as it was burned in the fire of the cathedral in Würzburg in 874. The repetition and confirmation by Emperor Ludwig the Pious is documented by the document from 822. It was confirmed that the former royal parish church of St. Martin belonged to the Bishop of Würzburg. The church is said to have been consecrated in 750 by Burkard , Würzburg's first bishop.

The Martinskirche was mentioned for the last time in a document in 889. It can be inferred from an original settlement of Kleinwindsheim . The current town of Windsheim was founded a little later as a second settlement. Both settlements existed side by side for centuries. The second church (built 1190–1216) stood separate from the original settlement where the town church of St. Kilian now stands.

Imperial city of Windsheim

Windsheim was still referred to as a market ( forum ) in 1234 . In 1248 it was named an imperial city by Emperor Friedrich II , which was directly subordinate to the emperor. Windsheim is not yet listed in the imperial tax register of 1241 .

In 1343 Ludwig IV visited Windsheim and confirmed the privileges granted by his predecessors to the city, which a year later entered into close political ties with the imperial city of Nuremberg ; also Emperor Sigismund in 1413.

The monastery Windheim had been donated already 1291st The Heilsbronn Monastery acquired a farm in Windsheim in 1304, which served the Heilbronn monks as quarters. In 1313 a garden adjoining the courtyard was exchanged for the monastery. The respective leaseholder also ran the farm as a pub.

During the city ​​war , Windsheim, which had already burned down in 1381, was besieged by Neustädtern. In 1499 there was another train against Windsheim and the wine tower was laid down.

A Latin school was founded in 1393/1402 . The Teutonic Order worked in Windsheim, the Coming Virnsberg operated in Pastoriusstrasse. 14 a town house of the "Teutschherren". In 1509, Tilman Riemenschneider created the twelve messenger altar for the Kilian's Church in Windsheim.

On the Knight's Day in Windsheim in 1512, a letter from the Count Palatinate was read out, in which he said that he had not been involved in the overthrow of Konrad Schott . From 1500 Windsheim belonged to the Franconian Empire , which convened numerous district assemblies there. Since 1522, preaching in the manner of Luther has been in Windsheim and as early as 1524/25 the Reformation was introduced in the free imperial city of Windsheim and probably also in the Windsheim deanery district . Also in 1525 the peasant groups Florian Geyers and Gregors von Burgbernheim defeated the Margrave Casimir near Windsheim. In 1529 representatives of Windsheim took part in the Reichstag in Speyer , who belonged to the Protestant minority there (see Protestation ). Because of the possible consequences, this was, as for Weißenburg, a courageous and daring step for the small imperial cities. In 1530 Windsheim joined the Reichstag, along with the imperial cities of Weißenburg , Heilbronn and Kempten, of the Augsburg Confession , which Mayor Hagelstein signed.

Witch trials were also carried out in Windsheim; between 1596 and 1597 a total of 25 women were cremated in the city.

During the Thirty Years' War in 1632 the Swedes under Gustav II Adolf were in the city twice . After the war, Emperor Leopold I visited the city in 1659 ; in addition, Emperor Joseph I traveled through the city in the same year. A large part of the city was destroyed in a fire in 1730.

Pietism , which emerged in the 17th century, had also spread in the Aischgrund, especially from Windsheim . At the beginning of this movement stood the pastor Johann Heinrich Horb in Windheim , at the end at the beginning of the 18th century the mayor Tobias Schumberg.

Towards the end of the 18th century there were around 570 properties in Windsheim. The imperial city of Windsheim exercised the high court . The individual properties were subordinate to different landlords : approx. 568 properties of the imperial city of Windsheim and two of the Brandenburg-Bayreuth caste office Windsheim .

Windsheim District Court

In the course of mediatization , Windsheim lost its status as an imperial city in 1802 and was awarded to Bavaria. After a short Prussian interlude (1804), the city finally became part of the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1810 .

As part of the municipal edict, the Windsheim tax district was formed in 1811 , to which Kleinwindsheimermühle, Mittelmühle, Neumühle, Obermühle and Walkmühle belonged. The municipal community formed in 1813 was congruent with the tax district. In administration and jurisdiction it was subordinate to the District Court of Windsheim and in financial administration to the Ipsheim Rent Office . With the second community edict (1818) Windsheim was elevated to a town with magistrate II class. From 1862 Windsheim was administered by the Uffenheim District Office (renamed the Uffenheim District in 1938 ) and from 1856 by the Windsheim Rent Office ( renamed Windsheim Tax Office in 1920 ). The jurisdiction remained with the District Court of Windsheim until 1879, from 1880 District Court of Windsheim . In 1961 the municipality had an area of ​​13.312 km².

The Windsheimer Zeitung was founded in 1849.

20th and 21st centuries

The brine springs in Windsheim were first described in 1752 by Wilhelm Simon Carl Hirsching as "Gesundbrunnen auff dem Kehrenberg". Brine springs were drilled in 1902 and 1907, and the Kurhaus was built in 1906. There in 1942/43 the businessman and co-founder of the Neustädter local group of the NSDAP and SS- Hauptsturmführer Hans Göss (1894-1948) ran a camp of the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle . On June 20, 1961, Windsheim was named a bath.

On July 1, 1972, the previous district of Uffenheim was dissolved. Bad Windsheim came to the enlarged district of Neustadt an der Aisch, which was given the name of Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim district on May 1, 1973 .

In 1982 the Franconian Open Air Museum was opened. In the following years further facilities were created, so in 1999 the spa and congress center followed and in 2005 with the Franken-Therme a thermal bathing area with wellness and sauna area. The renovated hospital church was inaugurated in 2006 as the “Church in Franconia” museum .

In 2007 the city received the German Tourism Prize .

In 2009 the 4th Franconian Day took place in the Franconian Open Air Museum in Bad Windsheim , under the motto Franconia in Europe - Europe in Franconia .

Bad Windsheim will host the state horticultural show in 2027.


On January 1, 1972, the previously independent communities Oberntief and Wiebelsheim were incorporated. On July 1, 1972, Berolzheim, Humprechtsau and Rüdisbronn were added. Ickelheim followed on July 1, 1976, the Lenkersheim market on July 1, 1977. With the incorporation of Külsheim, the series of incorporations was completed on May 1, 1978.

Population development

In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population increased from 11,196 to 12,382 by 1,186 or 10.6%.

Windsheim community

year 1818 1840 1852 1861 1867 1871 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900 1905 1910 1919 1925 1933 1939 1946 1950 1961 1970 1987 2005 2011 2016
Residents 2899 3178 3239 3307 3284 3350 3658 3726 3611 3519 3472 3558 3574 3654 3610 3688 3900 5487 7074 7821 8166 9003 11195 12072 11941 12379
Houses 548 551 563 601 633 659 878 1199 2596 2950 3009

Windsheim part of the municipality

year 1818 1840 1861 1871 1885 1900 1925 1950 1961 1970 1987 2011
Residents 2873 3163 3268 3307 3563 3547 3673 7805 8134 8992 8838 9913 *
Houses 544 549 593 631 657 876 1193 1958
* including small windsheimer mill and fulling mill


City council

The city council consists of 24 members. The local elections on March 15, 2020 led to the following result:

2020 election CSU FWG SPD Alliance 90 / Greens List country We total
Seats 6th 5 3 2 3 5 24 seats
Share of votes 26.30% 21.22% 13.61% 8.27% 11.24% 19.37% 100%


Mayor is Jürgen Heckel (WiR). He was elected First Mayor on March 29, 2020 in the runoff election against the previous incumbent with 56% of the valid votes.

badges and flags

(Bad) Windsheim has had a coat of arms since the 13th century.

Bad Windsheim coat of arms
Blazon : "In silver, a gold-armored black eagle with the golden capital letter W on the chest."

Red and white municipal flag

Reasons for the coat of arms: As Windsheim was an imperial city , the imperial eagle appears in the coat of arms . The capital letter W has appeared on its chest since the beginning of the 19th century. Later the capital letter was on a small shield, the colors were uncertain. The city determined the shape and colors in 1965.

Town twinning

Culture and sights

The "Roland" as a war memorial 1914-18
Külsheim gypsum hill , nature reserve and geotope in Bad Windsheim
  • The Roland , which was erected and inaugurated in 1928 as a war memorial for the soldiers from Bad Windsheim who died in the First World War . The eight-meter-high figure made of shell-limestone sandstone is part of an eleven-meter-high column with the canopy.
  • Town hall, castle-like baroque building, built from 1713 to 1717, burnt out in 1730, rebuilt by 1732.
  • Evangelical town church St. Kilian, first mentioned in 1289, built probably before 1216, after the town fire in 1730 rebuilt until 1733
  • Old building yard from 1441 to 1443, great carpenter, according to Georg Dehio the "culmination of late medieval frame construction ", spans an area of 360 square meters and is by Karl Bedal one of the "biggest and boldest wooden buildings from the Middle Ages", since 1989 the Franconian Open Air Museum belong
  • Monastery of the Augustinian Hermits, founded in 1291, dissolved in 1525; only the choir of the church has been preserved; around 1620 it was fundamentally redesigned for the city library founded in 1559; Lattice tower dated 1616
  • Largest listed spa park in Bavaria, about 30 hectares in size, centerpiece: an avenue first laid out around 1730
  • Franken-Therme , includes a thermal brine bath, sauna, wellness area and a restaurant; The following thermal brine pools are available: an indoor pool with 1.5% brine, 32–34 ° C, an outdoor pool with 1.5% brine, 28–34 ° C, an indoor pool with 4% brine, 34–36 ° C Indoor pool with 12% brine, 36 ° C and Europe's largest, year-round heated salt lake with the atmosphere of the Dead Sea (26.9% fully saturated brine). The 750 square meter salt lake of the Frankentherme was awarded the German Tourism Prize in 2007.
  • Archaeological window on the market square, burial ground from the 8th to 10th centuries, cellar remains of high-ranking buildings from the 12th to 15th centuries, fountain from 1408


  • Freilandtheater Bad Windsheim , summer theater since 2004 with professional actors and amateurs, shows its own productions in the Franconian Open Air Museum from July to August. Every year, a grandstand is set up at a different location in the museum and a play is shown in 30 performances in front of up to 10,000 spectators. The event is supported by the Middle Franconia district, the city of Bad Windsheim and companies and institutions in the region.


Architectural monuments


Sports clubs include TV 1860 Bad Windsheim (handball, volleyball, gymnastics, tennis, etc.), the Kgl. Priv. Schützengesellschaft 1393/1463 Bad Windsheim, the FSV Bad Windsheim (soccer) and the Tennis Club Bad Windsheim.

The soccer players and the handball players each play in the regional league Middle Franconia (2007), the volleyball players since the season 2017/18 in the Bayern league (men) and since the season 2020/21 national league (women). The 1st men's teams of the Tennis Club Bad Windsheim and TV 1860 Bad Windsheim Tennis play in district class 2.

The swimmers of SV 77 Bad Windsheim started in 1995 together with TuS Feuchtwangen under the name SG Frankenhöhe . The SG women's team rose to the Bavarian League in 2004 and hosted the Bayern League preliminary round in Bad Windsheim in October 2005.

A chess club is also represented in Bad Windsheim.

There is a high ropes course at the Bad Windsheim spa and congress center .

On December 16, 2005, the Franken-Therme with Europe's largest heated salt lake was opened.

The Asiansportscenter Bad Windsheim offers a variety of Asian sports. Taekwondo, HapKiDo, Yoga, Pilates, Qigong, Ki DO etc. The athletes are members of the German national team. There were numerous German champions and international successes.

Below the wine tower is the golf course of the Golfclub Reichsstadt Bad Windsheim e. V.

Wagnertanzgilde 1560 Spielmanns- und Fanfarenzug Bad Windsheim e. V.

The Windsheim newspaper publisher Heinrich Delp wrote the historical festival "The historical Wagner dance" based on the example of the medieval dance of the Windsheimer Wagner journeyman (privileged guild dances were common in the Middle Ages). "The historic Wagner dance" was performed in public for the first time at the parish fair for the Heimatfest in 1949. Performances of the "Wagner Dance" take place annually on Pentecost Sunday as well as on Parish Fair Sunday on Dr.-Martin-Luther-Platz. Admission is free.

At the same time the minstrel and fanfare parade was formed, the first minstrels of which already participated in the premiere of the "Wagner Dance". It is still a tradition today that the players of the festival are musically accompanied by the minstrel and fanfare procession both on the way there and on the way back from the festival. The minstrel and fanfare parade now offers its music on a national and international level and has already achieved great success. Traditional marching music as well as modern literature in the sound of a marching band are part of his current repertoire. In addition to the overall performance of the festival “The historical Wagner dance”, countless appearances at home and abroad have become common. In many competitions at national and international level, the troop has already achieved great success. He is also a member of the Bavarian Association for Minstrels. V.

The clubhouse of the "Wagnertanzgilde 1560 Spielmanns- und Fanfarenzug Bad Windsheim eV", the "Zunfthalle am Ochsenhof" is located today in a former gymnasium built in 1860, which is right next to the "Ochsenhof", here is the "Reichsstadtmuseum im Ochsenhof" "resides, is located.

Regular events

  • Bad Windsheim wine tower run, organized by the Rotary Club Uffenheim and TV 1860 Bad Windsheim, every year on the second or third weekend in March. It starts over two (school run), five (hobby run) and ten kilometers and in the half marathon
  • Melody & more , concert series with several concerts a year; launched in 2012 by the spa, convention and tourism GmbH to life to the concert series Bad Windheim Classic replace
  • Spa concerts take place regularly on Sundays in the Dr. Becker Kiliani Clinic or the Frankenland Clinic
  • Promenade concerts at the Seerosenbrunnen in the spa park take place regularly from April to October.
  • The city of Bad Windsheim exhibits works of art by new artists under the title Galerie im Rathaus .
  • Weinturm Open Air Bad Windsheim , a music festival organized on a voluntary basis, has been taking place on the Weinturmshügel every year since 1977
  • Old Town Festival Bad Windsheim (complete city center cordoned off, numerous bands), always on the first weekend in July

Economy and Infrastructure



The city is the seat of the central administration of the Auto- und Reiseclubs Deutschland e. V. Bad Windsheim has a spa and congress center operated by the Kur-, Kongress- und Touristik-GmbH.

At the locations in Bad Windsheim and Neustadt an der Aisch, the municipal company Kliniken of the Neustadt an der Aisch - Bad Windsheim district each operates a hospital with a medical care center. The clinic in Bad Windsheim emerged from the Augustinum Abbey Clinic at Erkenbrechtallee 45, which was established in 1971.

Established businesses

  • Döbler brewery, brewery
  • Magna PT BV & Co. KG , formerly Getrag transmission and gear factory Hermann Hagenmeyer GmbH & Cie KG, formerly FZ (Fränkisches Zahnradwerk); Production of circuit parts and housing processing for well-known manufacturers in the automotive industry. The company employs 400 people.
  • Heunisch-Guss : Production of cast parts made of gray cast iron, nodular cast iron, vermicular cast and AL gravity die casting for all branches of industry, as well as model making, mold making and casting processing. The company has 586 employees in Bad Windsheim.
  • Delp Druck + Medien GmbH, Managing Director: Johann H. Delp (Kegetstrasse 11).
  • Windsheimer Zeitung , edited by Johann Delp and Bruno Schnell (Kegetstrasse 11).


Bad Windsheim has a state business school , three primary schools , including the Free Active Gollach School (until 2009), a middle school , two support centers , a vocational school and a grammar school .

  • Hermann Delp School: Primary School (Breslauer Ring 6)
  • Pastorius School: Elementary School (Friedensweg 8A)
  • State vocational school center with vocational school (Am Dicken Turm 7) and business school (Galgenbuckweg 3)


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who worked on site


Web links

Commons : Bad Windsheim  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bad Windsheim  - travel guide
Wikisource: Bad Windsheim  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. ^ Staff> Heckel, Jürgen. City administration Bad Windsheim, accessed on May 25, 2020 .
  3. Bad Windsheim in the BayernAtlas
  4. ^ Community Wolferstadt in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 1, 2019.
  5. So ( Memento of 13 February 2018 Internet Archive ). According to W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 33, the first documentary evidence comes from the year 791. According to R. Hoeppner (Hrsg.), P. 32, it is the year 743.
  6. W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 33.
  7. Donation of Uuinisheim by Emperor Ludwig the Pious to the Bishop of Würzburg (oldest surviving document)
  8. Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch until 1933. Ph. CW Schmidt, Neustadt ad Aisch 1950. (New edition 1978 on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Ph. CW Schmidt Neustadt an der Aisch publishing house 1828–1978. ) P. 69.
  9. ( Memento from May 31, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  10. ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  11. G. Muck, Vol. 2, p. 392 ff.
  12. Max Döllner (1950), p. 197.
  13. Wolfgang Wüst: Windsheim - district meetings as places of remembrance of an early modern imperial constitution in Franconia. In: Ferdinand Kramer (Ed.): Places of Democracy in Bavaria. (Journal for Bavarian State History 81/1) Munich 2018, pp. 87-104.
  14. a b The organ in St. Kilian Bad Windsheim , accessed on February 11, 2020.
  15. Max Döllner (1950), p. 192.
  16. ^ Witch trials in Windsheim. In: Local history reading sheet for the Uffenheim district, issue IX. ( ( Memento from February 5, 2016 in the Internet Archive )).
  17. Max Döllner (1950), p. 213.
  18. Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution in Bad Windsheim (PDF; 88 KB), accessed on May 9, 2016 ( Memento from March 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  19. Max Döllner (1950), p. 351.
  20. HH Hofmann, p. 142.
  21. ^ Address and statistical manual for the Rezatkreis in the Kingdom of Baiern . Buchdruckerei Chancellery, Ansbach 1820, p. 74 ( digitized version ). HH Hofmann p. 227.
  22. ^ HH Hofmann, p. 218.
  23. a b c Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official city directory for Bavaria, territorial status on October 1, 1964 with statistical information from the 1961 census . Issue 260 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1964, DNB  453660959 , Section II, Sp. 827 ( digitized version ).
  24. ^ Hermann Delp: Over a century "Windsheimer Zeitung". In: Windsheimer Zeitung. Fixed edition from August 26, 1950.
  25. ^ Wolfgang Mück: Nazi stronghold in Middle Franconia: The völkisch awakening in Neustadt an der Aisch 1922–1933. Verlag Philipp Schmidt, 2016 (= Streiflichter from home history. Special volume 4); ISBN 978-3-87707-990-4 , p. 212.
  26. a b Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 582 .
  27. Ev.-Luth. Deanery Bad Windsheim : "Museum Church in Franconia" ( Memento from February 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  28. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 723 .
  29. a b Only inhabited houses are given. In 1818 these were referred to as hearths , in 1840 as houses and from 1871 to 2016 as residential buildings.
  30. a b Alphabetical index of all the localities contained in the Rezatkreise according to its constitution by the newest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. Judicial Districts, c. Rent offices in which they are located, then several other statistical notes . Ansbach 1818, p. 104 ( digitized version ). For the community of Windsheim plus the residents and buildings of Mittelmühle (p. 59), Neumühle (p. 63), Obermühle (p. 67) and Walkmühle (p. 99).
  31. ^ A b Eduard Vetter (Ed.): Statistical handbook and address book of Middle Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria . Self-published, Ansbach 1846, p. 258-259 ( digitized version ). According to the historical municipality register , the municipality had 3,151 inhabitants.
  32. a b c d e f g h i j k l Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality directory: The population of the municipalities of Bavaria from 1840 to 1952 (=  contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 192). Munich 1954, DNB  451478568 , p. 186 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00066439-3 ( digitized version ).
  33. a b Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographical-statistical manual of the Kingdom of Bavaria with an alphabetical local dictionary . In: K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Bavaria. Regional and folklore of the Kingdom of Bavaria . tape 5 . Literary and artistic establishment of the JG Cotta'schen Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, Sp. 1098 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb10374496-4 ( digitized version ).
  34. a b Kgl. Statistical Bureau (ed.): Complete list of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities, including parish, school and post office affiliation ... with an alphabetical general register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875 . Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures from 1871, cattle figures from 1873), Sp. 1266 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00052489-4 ( digitized ).
  35. a b K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Localities directory of the Kingdom of Bavaria. According to government districts, administrative districts, ... then with an alphabetical register of locations, including the property and the responsible administrative district for each location. LIV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1200 ( digitized version ).
  36. a b K. Bayer. Statistical Bureau (Ed.): Directory of localities of the Kingdom of Bavaria, with alphabetical register of places . LXV. Issue of the contributions to the statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1904, Section II, Sp. 1272 ( digitized version ).
  37. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Localities directory for the Free State of Bavaria according to the census of June 16, 1925 and the territorial status of January 1, 1928 . Issue 109 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1928, Section II, Sp. 1310 ( digitized version ).
  38. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (ed.): Official place directory for Bavaria - edited on the basis of the census of September 13, 1950 . Issue 169 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1952, DNB  453660975 , Section II, Sp. 1136 ( digitized version ).
  39. a b Bavarian State Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Official local directory for Bavaria . Issue 335 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich 1973, DNB  740801384 , p. 175 ( digitized version ).
  40. a b Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Ed.): Official local directory for Bavaria, territorial status: May 25, 1987 . Issue 450 of the articles on Bavaria's statistics. Munich November 1991, DNB  94240937X , p. 338 ( digitized version ).
  41. a b c Bad Windsheim: Official statistics of the LfStat
  42. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Bad Windsheim  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  43. ^ Bad Windsheim. In: Retrieved May 28, 2020 .
  44. a b Old City - rediscovered. Bad Windsheim: A short tour through the historic old town ( Memento from September 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 4.1 MB). City of Bad Windsheim, undated
  45. Reichsstadtmuseum im Ochsenhof  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  46. ^ An association through the ages ... Accessed on November 18, 2019 (German).
  47. An association through the ages ... Accessed on November 18, 2019 (German).
  48. What takes a long time is finally good ... Retrieved on November 18, 2019 (German).
  49. Website ( Memento of May 16, 2019 in the Internet Archive ).
  50. Manfred Gößwein: The history of the imperial city Bad Windsheim ( Memento from May 31, 2015 in the Internet Archive ).
  51. Delp: Imprint ( Memento from October 31, 2016 in the Internet Archive ). Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  52. ^ Windsheimer Zeitung ( Memento from January 14, 2018 in the Internet Archive ). October 26, 2012, accessed January 14, 2018.
  53. ^ Chemlin, Kaspar (NDB)