Erbach (noble family)

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Family coat of arms of those of Erbach

The Counts of Erbach belong to the Rhineland-Franconian nobility and were initially ministerials who held the office of bailiff of Lorsch Abbey . Their attempt to maintain themselves as Reich ministers of the Hohenstaufen dynasty was prevented by the Wittelsbach Count Palatine near Rhine, who made the Lords of Erbach their inheritance gifts as gifts from Erbach around 1226 . The dynasty, imperial counts since 1532, ruled the county of Erbach, which was divided into several sub-counties and belonged to the Frankish imperial circle , until mediatization in 1806, and therefore belonged to the high nobility . The lines of the family are still based at Schloss Erbach and Schloss Fürstenau in the Odenwald.


Lordship of Erbach

Older representations saw Einhard , the chronicler of Charlemagne , as the progenitor of the Erbach counts. The Meier of the later Emperor Otto I , Wetti , who is named in a document dated February 14, 947, could also be regarded as the ancestor of the Erbacher family . In it Otto I. gives his "nostro villico" Wetti a royal hoof as a personal property in Seckbach . The Hagen-Münzenberg , Heusenstamm and Dornberg also presumably go back to this original family.

The family of the Lords of Erbach appears in a document for the first time in 1148 with Eberhard I. von Erbach. Eberhard I. von Erbach, probably born as Eberhard II. Von Hagen , is mentioned around 1165/70 in the Lorsch Codex as Vogt over areas in the Odenwald . Around 1200 the Erbach appear as imperial servants , a little later as gifts from the Electors of the Palatinate . In the 13th century they split into the lines Erbach-Erbach with Konrad I and Erbach- Reichenberg with Eberhard III. on. Among the sons of Eberhard III. The Erbach-Reichenberg and Erbach-Reichenberg- Michelstadt lines are then created .

Your Erbach castle is first mentioned in a document around 1303. The founding of this moated castle in Erbach in the Odenwald can most likely be traced back to the progenitor Eberhard I. Around 1140 the builder Cementarius Wichmann was commissioned to build it. As a North German, Wichmann also had experience in building low-rise castles. In 1422 the Erbach taverns were granted imperial status .

As feudal people of the Lord of Erbach, u. a. the noblemen Albrecht d. Ä. von Echter, ancestor of the Herren von Echter , and Wortwin von Ungelaube in 1335 and 1336. They acquired the tithe in Beerfurth and were enfeoffed with it by the donor Konrad, Herr zu Erbach.

County of Erbach

Map of the county of Erbach 1645

In 1532 he was raised to the rank of imperial count and thus to the high nobility , after the Erbachers had already been in existence since the 13th / 14th. In the 19th century, despite their origins in the imperial ministry, they were considered members of the noble gentry.

From 1544 the Reformation was introduced in the entire county of Erbach . It was not until 1761 that experts from Catholic areas such as Tyrol , Styria or the Ore Mountains who had immigrated to the mining and smelting industry were allowed to hold a Catholic church service again in Michelstadt. Forty years later - in 1802 - a Catholic mass is also recorded in Erbach .

In the outline of the civics of the German Reich in its entirety: with the epitome of all the Prussian and Austrian states. Volume 1 wrote in 1796 Friedrich Leopold Brunn on the county of Erbach:

“The Grafsch. Erbach is located in the Franconian district on the Odenwalde, and borders on the Wertheim region, the Lower Palatinate, the Bergstrasse and the Upper Grafsch. Katzenelnbogen. The soil is mountainous, but still quite fertile. The most distinguished river is the Mümling. Products are: Grain, including especially husk and wheat, buckwheat, potatoes, wine, nuts, wood, cattle breeding, beekeeping, iron, marble, several types of stone. The industry in factories and factories is mediocre. One exports: husk flour, oats, buckwheat, wood, coal, potash, cattle, iron, nuts, honey, etc. Wax. The country has its own ruling counts, who are divided into 3 lines, namely in the house of Erbach-Erbach, Erbach-Schönberg and Erbach-Fürstenau. But for the most part it is under the Upper Palatinate sovereignty. The most distinguished places in it are: Michelstadt, Hptst. Seat of the community. Government, iron hammer. - Erbach, kl. St. a. Mümling. Gammelsbach and Schellenbach, Dfr. Iron hammer. - Fürstenau, old Schl., Melting furnace. - Steinbach, Df. Eisenhütte and Hammerw. - Reichenberg, Schl. Vorrefl viticulture. - Schönberg Schl. u. Passport. ad Bergstrasse. "

The county belonging to the Franconian Reichskreis had around 1800 about 526 km² with about 33,000 inhabitants. As a result of the Rhine Federation Act (Article 24), in 1806 most of the county fell to the Grand Duchy of Hesse , the rest to the Kingdom of Bavaria .

Possessions and lines

The resulting end of the 12th century castle in Erbach im Odenwald was forced in the 13th century the Count Palatine of the Rhine to feudal applied. Most of the Erbacher's goods came from the former property of the Lorsch Monastery around Michelstadt , which had fallen to Kurmainz in 1232 , as well as Beerfelden , a fiefdom from the Palatinate, and Reichelsheim .

From 1314 the entire Erbach property was a fiefdom of the Palatinate. The Erbach house had often been involved in battles with the Electoral Palatinate. In 1556 half of the lordship of Breuberg came to the county by inheritance .

In 1270 the Erbachers were first divided, from which the following lines emerged:

  • Older line Erbach-Erbach (until 1503)
  • Middle line Erbach-Reichenberg (Fürstenau)
  • Younger line Erbach-Michelstadt (until 1531)

This was followed by further divisions in which the names of the extinct lines were chosen again and again. The last to emerge in 1717/1718 were the following lines when the inheritance was divided from the only remaining successive line Erbach-Fürstenau; At the end of the Old Reich they still existed as imperial immediate territories divided into use without a basic division of the county of Erbach:

Palaces and castles of the house of Erbach

The following gallery combines images of representative buildings that belonged or still belong to the historical property of a family from the three branches of the Erbach family. While the count houses in Erbach and Fürstenau manage significant parts of their historical estates to this day, the princes of Schönberg under Prince Georg Ludwig (1903–1971) fell into financial decline.

Erbach-Fürstenau line

Erbach-Erbach line

Erbach-Schönberg line

Symbols and titles

coat of arms

Led titles

Since 1226 the lords of Erbach were inheritance taverns of the Count Palatine near Rhine and called themselves Schenken von Erbach , since 1532 they have been Counts of the Holy Roman Empire . The title of illustrious was given to the head of the house in 1820 by the Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine and in 1829 by the King of Bavaria . In 1914 the title was extended to all members of the house.

In 1903, Count Gustav Ernst zu Erbach-Schönberg was given the title and name of Fürst und Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg by the Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine (also for his successors in possession and role of head of the class) and with the title of Serene Highness in the hereditary Hessian princes raised; the descendants of the Schönberg line received the title of Prince or Princess of Erbach-Schönberg and also the title of Highness . The traditional (imperial) count title was retained alongside the prince title in order to document the undivided affiliation of all three lines of civil rule of the house of Erbach to the mediatized formerly imperial county of Erbach. (There never was a “Principality of Erbach-Schönberg”.) Through his marriage in 1871 to Princess Marie von Battenberg (a niece of the Grand Duke of Hesse), Gustav Ernst is related to the royal houses of Great Britain, Sweden, Greece and Spain as well as to the Tsarist family kicked.

Spiritual titles

In the Middle Ages, members of the Erbach family wore various functional titles related to clerical offices and territories, which were not included in the house titles due to celibacy . To be mentioned here are Gerlach von Erbach († 1332), elected Prince-Bishop of Worms from 1329 to 1332 , as well as the brothers Dietrich von Erbach (1390-1459), from 1434 to 1459 elector as Archbishop of Mainz , and Philipp von Erbach († 1467) , from 1434 to 1467 prince abbot of the Benedictine monastery Weissenburg in Alsace.

"Secular" subheads

Through purchase, marriage, inheritance or adoption, the house of Erbach acquired secondary titles relevant to nobility law, which led the various lines temporarily or continuously and in some cases still use legal names today:

Mr. zu Breuberg

Since 1399/1400 the taverns and counts of Erbach - with an interruption between 1497 and 1556 - were jointly owned by the castle and the lordship of Breuberg , most recently (in addition to the counts and princes of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg) half through the Erbach- Schoenberg. All three lines of the House of Erbach carry the title of Mr. zu Breuberg , also shown in the multiple coat of arms of the houses (two red bars in silver).

Mr. zu Bickenbach

In 1484 Schenk Erasmus von Erbach (1466–1503) acquired most of the former property of the Lords of Bickenbach from their heirs and called himself from 1488 Schenk Erasmus, Herr zu Erbach and Bickenbach . After the loss of the family castle of the Bickenbacher just a few years later in the course of the so-called " Bavarian feud" against Hesse, the title was given by his heir Eberhard XIII. no longer used. In 1714 the Counts of Erbach sold their property in Bickenbach to the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt .

Mr. zu Wildenstein

When Count Philip III. of Rieneck , who was married to Margareta of Erbach (1507-1574) (1504-1559), passed away last male member of his family, to his left allodial belonging Heritage Office Wildenstein when the Wildenstein Castle with Eschau and some nearby towns in Spessart and the Kleinheubach on the left Main River belonged to the Counts of Erbach as a relapsed Palatinate fief and later allodial property. The castle - initially still the seat of a bailiff, then abandoned and left to decay - and the area surrounding it remained with the Counts of Erbach when they sold the town of Kleinheubach to Dominik Marquard zu Löwenstein-Wertheim in 1721 . All three lines of the House of Erbach carry the title Herr zu Wildenstein; The Erbach-Erbach house is still owned by the local forest and wildlife park. - When Count Ernst Franz zu Erbach-Erbach (1845–1889) morganatically married the bourgeois Marie Kredell (1847–1921) in 1871 , shortly before the marriage of the Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine, she became a member of the Hessian nobility as Frau von Wildenstein raised. The couple had four daughters who took the name von Wildenstein .

Count of Limpurg

In 1711, Count Friedrich Karl von Erbach-Erbach (1680–1731) married Sophie Eleonore (1695–1738), the youngest daughter of Schenken Vollrath von Limpurg-Speckfeld and his wife Sophie Eleonore Schenkin von Limpurg-Schmiedelfeld in Obersontheim in 1711 . After Vollrath's death without a male heir in 1713, Sophie Eleonore, as one of the five living daughters, received part of the rule of the Limpurg taverns , whereby the title and coat of arms of the Limpurg family passed to Friedrich Karl as co-ruling Count of Limpurg-Obersontheim . In 1720, after the death of his brother Philipp Ludwig, Friedrich Karl also became the ruling Count of Erbach-Erbach ; he called himself now Graf zu Erbach and Limpurg. Since he remained without male heirs, the Erbach Limpurg property - it included the rule of Michelbach an der Bilz - was lost to his daughters and then lost again to the Erbach family in the following generation, including the title. However, the title of Count of Limpurg was again carried out by Count Franz I of Erbach-Erbach after he was born by his mother-in-law, Princess Christiana Wilhelmina Louise von Leiningen-Dagsburg, born. Countess von Solms-Rödelheim, her quarters share in the rule Limpurg-Gaildorf-Solms-Assenheim had been assigned. Although he had already sold this inheritance from his deceased first wife to Württemberg in 1790 , he continued to call himself that, and he is also listed in the Erbach parish death record for 1823 as “Mr. Franz Graf zu Erbach und Limpurg, Herr zu Breuberg p. ” titled.

Lord of Radeburg and Rödern

After Count Georg Wilhelm zu Erbach-Reichenberg (1686–1757), later founder of the middle line Erbach-Erbach, had married Countess Sophie Charlotte von Bothmer (1797–1848) in 1723 , she brought her mother out of the inheritance Gisela Erdmuthe b. Baroness von Hoym , widow of Count Johannes von Taube , the last of the Saxon family line, transferred the manorial estates of Radeburg and Rödern from the Taube family north of Dresden into the house of Erbach. Georg Wilhelm then carried the title of Herr zu Radeburg and Rödern . When her daughter Sophie Christine Charlotte Friederike Erdmuthe (1725–1795) married Prince Wilhelm Heinrich von Nassau-Saarbrücken (1718–1768) in 1742 , this property fell to this family due to the lack of a male Erbacher heir from this marriage and then arrived the house of Reuss . The title became obsolete for the house of Erbach.

Herr zu Rothenberg

In 1797, Count August Christoph von Degenfeld-Schonburg (1730-1814) sold the Rothenberg rule (including Moosbrunn ) in the southern Odenwald with the consent of the feudal lord, Emperor Franz II. , To the Count House of Erbach-Fürstenau, which has since been named Herr zu Rothenberg . The dominion's forest estates are still owned by the family. - When Count Adalbert Ludwig Alfred Eberhard Friedrich zu Erbach-Fürstenau (1828–1867) morganatically married the middle-class Charlotte Willenbücher (1839–1913) in 1859, she was married to the Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine as wife of Rothenberg in raised the Hessian nobility. The couple had a son who died young and two daughters who took the name von Rothenberg . The first-born daughter Thekla von Rothenberg (1862-1941) married Prince Gustav zu Bentheim-Tecklenburg (1849-1909) in 1888 and in 1912 Prince Hermann von Schönburg-Waldenburg (1865-1943).

Count of Wartenberg-Roth

House signs on the properties of the Erbach-Erbach and Wartenberg-Roth houses , formed from the coats of arms of the Counts of Erbach (heraldic right) and Kolb von Wartenberg (left) with a count's hat

1804 adopted the heirless Count Ludwig Kolb von Wartenberg (1752-1818) his two step-nephews Franz Carl Friedrich Ludwig Wilhelm Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1782-1832) and Franz Georg Friedrich Christian Eginhard Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1785-1854), whereby with the imperial approval of 1806, the names, titles and coats of arms of the Counts of Wartenberg-Roth as well as their property, which was secularized and elevated to the imperial county of Wartenberg-Roth, was transferred to Count Kolb as a replacement for his western Rhine territories lost in the Peace of Lunéville Reichsabtei Rot in Upper Swabia. Since then, the Erbach-Erbacher Counts have had the double title Graf zu Erbach-Erbach and von Wartenberg-Roth (without the old tribal name Kolb of their adoptive father). The imperial county of Wartenberg-Roth was transferred to the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806 as part of the mediation process , but the rights as a class lord were lost in 1844 through the sale of the county despite the later repurchase. The forest estate in Rot an der Rot remained in the possession of the Erbach-Erbach family until 1989 , even after a considerable part of other real estate and land was sold to the Württemberg state estate in the mid-1930s . At no time were these possessions an integral part of the County of Erbach.

Mr. zu Curl and Ostermannshofen, Mr. zu Steinbach

The Counts Kolb von Wartenberg and later Imperial Counts or Counts von Wartenberg-Roth also carried the title of Herr zu Curl and Ostermannshofen , that of Ludwig Kolb's great-grandfather, the Prussian Prime Minister and first Baron (1695) or Count (1699) of the Family Johann Kasimir Kolb von Wartenberg (1643–1712), comes from. The house Courl and the Lehnshof Ostermann in neighboring Husen were only brief possessions of the Kolb in the county of Mark in what is now the city of Dortmund . In addition, with the takeover of the Red Abbey and the Steinbach office belonging to it in Unterallgäu, which has belonged to the Kingdom of Bavaria since 1806 (today Maria Steinbach ), the title Herr zu Steinbach, the first to be the second-born, unmarried adopted son of Count Kolb Friedrich as a royal Bavarian officer additionally led and was then taken over by the descendants of his brother Karl. The Grafenhaus also ran a forest there. - After Count Franz Eberhard Alexander Edgar August Adalbert zu Erbach-Erbach and von Wartenberg-Roth (1847–1901) had morganatically married the bourgeois Anna Kittner (1847–1926) in 1875 , this was permitted by the Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine in 1877 to use the name Frau von Kurl . The couple remained without offspring.

Full titulatures for the end of the monarchy

At the end of the monarchy in 1918, the heads of the three lines of the entire Erbach house held the following titles and distinctions:

  • older line Erbach-Fürstenau: Count of Erbach-Fürstenau, Lord of Breuberg, Wildenstein and Rothenberg, Erlaucht;
  • middle line Erbach-Erbach: Count of Erbach-Erbach and von Wartenberg-Roth, Lord of Breuberg, Wildenstein, Steinbach, Curl and Ostermannshofen, Erlaucht;
  • younger line Erbach-Schönberg: Prince and Count of Erbach-Schönberg, Lord of Breuberg and Wildenstein, Your Highness.

The married name Frau von Lichtenberg is used by Maria Wilhelmine Luck (1843–1934) as the second, morganatically married wife of Count Eberhard XV , who was morganatically married in 1880 , without direct reference to historical titles of the Erbach family . zu Erbach-Erbach (1818–1884). The couple had two daughters who took the name von Lichtenberg .

More name bearers

Elias Graf zu Erbach-Fürstenau (1866–1950) married Ulrike geb. Tornow (1874–1943), widow of Major Maximilian von Kremski (1870–1913), who was raised to hereditary Prussian nobility in 1909. In 1941 he adopted the two sons of his wife from his first marriage as children, whereupon the first-born Ulrich Maximilian von Kremski (1899-1970) confirmed the name of Kremski-Erbach-Fürstenau and the second-born Achim Maximilian von Kremski (1903 –1958) led the name Graf zu Erbach-Fürstenau von Kremski .

There are no genealogical connections to the imperial baron family from Ulm zu Erbach .

Members of the House of Erbach (chronological)

Archbishop of Mainz Dietrich Schenk von Erbach

Before the division into the existing lines Erbach-Fürstenau, Erbach-Erbach and Erbach-Schönberg

Since the year 1237, the entire Erbach house has been divided into several lines in inheritance, which led to the name Erbach, the additional name of their seat. These additional names are partly identical to those after the coincidence of all lines and the renewed division at the beginning of the 18th century into the still existing lines Fürstenau, Erbach and Schönberg, without the identity of names indicating direct succession.

Older line Erbach-Fürstenau

Middle line Erbach-Erbach

  • Franz I. Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1754–1823), important art collector and last sovereign before mediatization
  • Carl Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1782–1832), member of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1820–1821 and 1823–1830) and, as Count von Wartenberg-Roth, a member of the Chamber of the Lords of the Württemberg Lands (1819–1831)
  • Friedrich Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1785–1854), since 1806 also Count von Wartenberg-Roth, Bavarian Major General à la suite and member of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1834–1836)
  • Franz Eberhard (XV.) Count zu Erbach-Erbach (1818–1884), Member of the State Parliament, 1st Chamber of the Ghzm Hesse (1844–1849 and 1856–1884)
  • Georg Albrecht (IV.) Count zu Erbach-Erbach (1844–1915), member of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1883–1915) and Imperial Councilor of the Bavarian Crown (1884–1915)
  • Arthur Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1849–1908), member of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1905–1908)
  • Eberhard Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1886–1917), member of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1916–1917)
  • Alexander Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (1891–1952), member of the First Chamber of the Estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (1917–1918) and from 1940 senior of the Erbach-Erbach family
    • ⚭ (July 26, 1920 in Erbach) Christa born von Zülow (1894–1962)
      • Eberhard (born August 23, 1922 in Eulbach; † November 23, 1943 near Newel ) fell as a lieutenant in the 23rd Cavalry Regiment in Russia
      • Franz (see below)
  • Franz (II.) Graf zu Erbach-Erbach and von Wartenberg-Roth (1925–2015), landowner, protector of the Church of St. Georg in Würzberg , owner of Erbach Castle until its sale in 2005 , member of the Board of Trustees of the German Ivory Museum , since 1953 patron of the Erbach Chamber Concerts, since 1952 senior of the Erbach-Erbach family and thus owner of the church patronage of the Erbach-Nord and -Süd parishes and the Reichelsheim parish, administrator of the house archives of the family zu Erbach-Erbach and von Wartenberg-Roth, head of "Offices of the Count's Administration"
    • ⚭ I (March 27, 1952 in Arolsen ; divorce July 10, 1979 in Michelstadt) Princess Margarethe zu Waldeck and Pyrmont (1923–2003)
      • Alexandra (* 1955) married Bugiel
      • Eberhard Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (* 1958), head of the Erbach-Erbach family since 2015 ∞ Marie Alexandra Princess Reuss (* 1963)
        • Felicitas Countess zu Erbach-Erbach (* 1987)
        • Georg Albrecht Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (* 1989)
        • Konrad Graf zu Erbach-Erbach (* 1991)
    • ⚭ II (August 17, 1979 at Jagdschloss Eulbach ) Christa Blösinger (1947–2013), business economist, bank clerk
      • Magnus-Alexander (* 1982)

Younger line Erbach-Schönberg

  • Georg August zu Erbach-Schönberg (1691–1758), founder of the Erbach-Schönberg line
    • Georg Ludwig II. Count of Erbach-Schönberg (1723–1777), count from the Erbach-Schönberg family, ruling count from 1758
    • Franz Karl Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg (1724–1788), Dutch major general and from 1777 ruling Count zu Erbach-Schönberg
    • Christian Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg (1728–1799), Austrian officer ( general field sergeant ), commander of the imperial bodyguard, knight and governor of the Teutonic Order in the residence of the order in Mergentheim, ruling imperial count zu Erbach-Schönberg since 1788
    • Karl Eugen Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg (1732–1816), Austrian officer (General Feldzeugmeister and owner of the Erbach Regiment), since 1799 ruling Count zu Erbach-Schönberg
    • Gustav Ernst Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg (1739–1812) , Prussian major general, brother of Karl Eugen
      • Gustav Graf von Erbach-Schönberg (1791–1813), officer under Napoleon and bearer of the cross of the Legion of Honor
      • Maximilian Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg (1787–1823), registrar
      • Emil Graf zu Erbach-Schönberg (1789–1828), German officer and civil registrar
      • Ludewig III. Count zu Erbach-Schönberg (1792–1863), head of the Erbach-Schönberg line since 1828, lieutenant general of the Hessian Grand Duke
        • Gustav Ernst Prince and Count of Erbach-Schönberg (1840–1908)Marie Karoline Princess von Battenberg (1852–1923), 1st Prince and Count
          • Alexander Prince and Count of Erbach-Schönberg (1872–1944), 2nd Prince and Count
            • ⚭ (Arolsen on May 3, 1900) Elisabeth Princess von Waldeck and Pyrmont (1873–1961)
              • Georg Ludwig Hereditary Prince of Erbach-Schönberg (born January 1, 1903 in König ; † January 27, 1971 in Bensheim ), since 1944 3rd Prince and Count under nobility law
                • ⚭ (Schönberg on July 2, 1925) Marie Margarethe Deringer (* December 25, 1903 in Tsarskoie Selo; † December 22, 1967 in Darmstadt)
                  • Ludewig Prince of Erbach-Schönberg (born October 17, 1926 in Schönberg; † November 23, 1998 in Rüsselsheim), since 1971 4th Prince and Count under nobility law
                    • ⚭ (Groß-Gerau on March 9, 1946) Rosemarie Moshage (born September 22, 1927 in Schleweke; † May 25, 2015 in Bensheim)
                      • Prince Burckhard zu Erbach-Schönberg (born April 7, 1951 in Groß-Gerau; † June 30, 1998 in Frankfurt am Main), Hereditary Prince since 1971 under nobility law
                      • Dietrich Prinz zu Erbach-Schönberg (born March 27, 1954 in Groß-Gerau), lawyer, 5th Prince and Count since 1998, senior of the entire Erbach House since 2017
                        • ⚭ (Groß-Gerau on May 18, 1984) Monika Recknagel (born July 10, 1955 in Karlsruhe)
                          • Elisabeth (* 1985)
              • Maynolf Prinz zu Erbach-Schönberg (born May 13, 1936 in Darmstadt), businessman
                • ⚭ III (Darmstadt on April 21, 1976) Solveig Schlegel (born May 25, 1949 in Gera)
                  • Isabelle (* 1977) married Ellinger
                  • Prince Peter zu Erbach-Schönberg (born August 11, 1981 in Erbach)
                    • ⚭ (Bad König on May 9th) Corinna Schaffer (born January 5, 1983 in Groß-Umstadt)
                      • Sandro (born October 22, 2003 in Dieburg)
                      • Cecilie (born December 7, 2007 in Erbach)
          • Victor Prinz zu Erbach-Schönberg (1880–1967), German diplomat


  • Friedrich Battenberg : The protection and court Jewish system of the county Erbach. Thoughts on the history of the Jews in the Odenwald, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries. In: Archive for Hessian History and Archeology NF. 53, 1995.
  • Ferdinand Karl Heinrich Beck, Ch. Lauteren: The land law or the peculiar civil rights and customs of the county of Erbach and the rule of Breuberg in the Odenwalde. Heyer, Darmstadt 1824. (Reprint: Olms, 1990, ISBN 3-487-09267-0 )
  • Karl Ernst Demandt : History of the State of Hesse. 2nd Edition. Bärenreiter-Verlag , Kassel / Basel 1972, ISBN 3-7618-0404-0 , pp. 490-496.
  • Heinrich J. Dingeldein : Graeflich-Erbacher family branches "on the left hand". Illegitimate children and morganatic marriages in the Grafenhaus Erbach until the end of the monarchy. Gendi-Verlag, Otzberg 2020, ISBN 978-3-946295-19-8 .
  • Genealogical manual of the nobility , Adelslexikon. Volume III, Volume 61 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag , Limburg (Lahn) 1975, ISSN  0435-2408 , p. 162 f.
  • History workshop Geschwister Scholl: Georg-Ludwig Prince of Erbach-Schönberg and his role in the Third Reich. Hidden memories. In: Archives for Hessian History and Archeology. 63, 2005, pp. 255-292.
  • Friedrich Höreth: Contributions to the school history of the county Erbach and the rule Breuberg. Verlag Franz, Erbach 1930.
  • Friedrich Höreth: The County of Erbach and the Lordship of Breuberg before the Thirty Years' War. Verlag Franz, Erbach 1930.
  • Friedrich Höreth: The Odenwald after the 30-year war. Verlag Franz, Erbach 1934.
  • Elisabeth Kleberger: Territorial history of the rear Odenwald (Grafschaft Erbach, Herrschaft Breuberg, Herrschaft Fränkisch-Crumbach). (= Sources and research on Hessian history. 19). Self-published by the Hessian Historical Commission Darmstadt in 1958, especially pp. 53–97.
  • Johann Philipp Wilhelm Luck: Attempt of a Reformation and Church History of the County of Erbach and Dominion Breuberg from archival and other proven documents. Andreä, Frankfurt 1772. (digitized version)
  • Johann Philipp Wilhelm Luck: Historical Genealogy of the Reichsgräflichen Haus Erbach the Erbachischen Historie, published as additions and improvements to Daniel Schneider's in 1736, and also as a separate work, can be drawn up in much increased tables and attached correct evidence. Franckfurt am Mayn 1786. (digitized version)
  • Christian Müller: History of the Count's House of Erbach-Erbach from 1818 to the present. (= Library of family history works. 17). Neustadt an der Aich 1955.
  • Gustav Simon: The history of the dynasts and counts of Erbach and their country. Brönner, Frankfurt am Main 1858. (online)
  • Uli Steiger: The taverns and gentlemen from Erbach. A family between the imperial ministry and the imperial estate. (1165/70 to 1422). Dissertation . Universitätsverlag Winter, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8253-5332-2 .
  • Uli Steiger: The Lords of Erbach and their rise to the imperial estate 1422. In: The Odenwald. Journal of the Breuberg Association . Issue 4, 2009, pp. 127-143.
  • Thomas Steinmetz: The taverns from Erbach. For the formation of rule of a Reich ministerial family. (= The Odenwald. Magazine of the Breuberg-Bund. Special issue 3). Breuberg-Neustadt 2000, ISBN 3-922903-07-X .
  • Friedrich Toepfer: Side dishes. III. The Counts of Erbach . In: ders. (Ed.): Document book for the history of the royal and baronial house of the Voegte von Hunolstein , Bd. II. Jacob Zeiser, Nuremberg 1867, p. 418f. ( Google Books )
  • Jürgen Rainer Wolf: County of Erbach. In: Knights, Counts and Princes - secular dominions in the Hessian area approx. 900-1806. (= Handbook of Hessian History. 3; = Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. 63). Marburg 2014, ISBN 978-3-942225-17-5 , pp. 173-194.

See also

Web links

Commons : Erbach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Karl Gruber: Minzinberg, Burg-Stadt-Kirche. Second edition. Graphische Druckanstalt W. Herr, Gießen 1973, p. 80 ff, family tree.
  2. ^ Regesta Imperii Regestdatenbank: RI II, 1 n.147, in: Regesta Imperii Online ( online , accessed December 8, 2012).
  3. ^ Wilhelm E. Heupel: The Sicilian Grosshof under Emperor Friedrich II. Volumes 10-11, p. 300.
  4. Thomas Steinmetz: The taverns from Erbach. Breuberg-Neustadt 2000, p. 29.
  5. Codex Laureshamensis I, Mannheim, edition of 1768, p. 254 and Guden, Sylloge, p. 34.
  6. Th. Steinmetz: The taverns of Erbach. 2000, p. 29.
  7. Th. Steinmetz: The taverns of Erbach. 2000, p. 80.
  8. Kirch-Beerfurth, Odenwaldkreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of July 23, 2012). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  9. Simon (1858), Part 3, p. 29., Certificate XXVII.
  10. Simon (1858), Part 3, p. 29 f., Certificate XXVIII.
  11. ^ Friedrich Leopold Brunn: Grundriß der Staatskunde of the German Empire in its entirety: with the epitome of all Prussian and Austrian states. Volume 1, Verlag Quien, 1796, p. 269. ( online at google books )
  12. Thomas Gehrlein: The Erbach house with its lines Fürstenau, Erbach and Schönberg: over 800 years of total history with ancestry. 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814458-5-5 .
  13. Grafschaft Erbach-Schönberg, family personal data  (= Hessisches Staatsarchiv Darmstadt ) inventory F 21 series. In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), accessed on April 15, 2013.
  14. Colorful picture of the Hereditary Prince of Erbach-Schönberg drawn ( Memento of the original from September 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed April 15, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  15. Hartmut Platte: German Princely Houses. Booklet 8: The Count's House Erbach-Erbach. 2nd Edition. Werl 2004, ISBN 3-9807740-6-6 .
  16. Erbach-Schönberg, Karl Albrecht Eberhard Kasimir Georg Friedrich Heinrich August Maximilian Emil Gustav Ernst von. Hessian biography. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  17. ^ Finding aid from the Wertheim State Archives , accessed on October 1, 2017.
  18. Assignment and homage after the assignment of the Princess Christiana Wilhelmina Louise von Leiningen-Dagsburg, b. von Solms-Rödelheim, responsible quarters of the rule Limpurg-Gaildorf-Solms-Assenheim to her son-in-law Count Franz von Erbach-Erbach and her daughter Countess Charlotte Louise Polyxene von Erbach-Erbach, born from Leiningen-Dagsburg. (State Archives Ludwigsburg, 114 Bü 6300 ; see also Bü 6414).
  19. Simon (see literature), p. 464, erroneously writes Countess von Plauen .
  20. Negotiations of the Württemberg Chamber of Civil Servants at the Ordinary Landtag 1862–1865. Officially published. Second log volume. Stuttgart [1865], pp. 257–283, and negotiations of the Württemberg Chamber of Classes at the extraordinary Landtag in May and June 1866. Officially published. Stuttgart [1866], p. 6 u. 13.
  21. ^ Margret Westerburg-Frisch: The oldest loan books of the Counts of the Mark 1392 and 1393. Aschendorff, Münster 1967, p. 65.
  22. ^ So the writing in the Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette to the year 1877, No. 30, p. 355; in the nobility-related genealogical literature based on the spelling of the title of the count's house, usually Frau von Curl .
  23. Proof of ennoblement
  24. ^ Gravestone in the Sensbachtal cemetery
  25. Genealogical handbook of noble houses (Volume 115): Princely houses (Volume XV). Starcke Verlag, Limburg 1997, p. 258 f.
  26. The Heirs of Europe: Erbach-Erbach ancestors, No. 32
  27. Junge Klassik in Erbach: Season Preview - The "Concerts in the Ivory Museum" on new paths. In: Echo Online . June 18, 2013, archived from the original on December 5, 2013 ; accessed on January 9, 2014 .
  28. ^ Franz August Graf zu Erbach-Erbach and von Wartenberg-Roth . In: Der Spiegel . No. 1 , 1960, p. 79 ( online ).
  29. Erbach-Schönberg, Ludewig III. Count of. Hessian biography. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).