Heusenstamm (noble family)
Heusenstamm (also lords of Heusenstamm ) is the name of a German noble family with ancestral seat in Heusenstamm , today Offenbach district in Hesse , who were the hereditary marshals of the Electorate of Mainz from 1548 to 1803.
The Heusenstamm as well as the Hagen-Münzenberg , the Dornberg and the Erbach probably go back to a single original family. The Meier of the later Emperor Otto I , Wetti , who is named in a document dated February 14, 947, can be regarded as an ancestor of these tribes . In it Otto I. gives his "nostro villico" Wetti a royal hoof as a personal property in Seckbach .
In 1211 Gottfried I. von Hagenhausen-Eppstein transferred his fiefdom over the village and castle Heusenstamm as a so-called after fiefdom to Eberhard Waro (von Hagen). His successors were the brothers Johann, Conrad, Siegfried and Eberhard. The defense tower of the old Heusenstamm Castle is still preserved on the Bieber behind the Heusenstamm Castle. The lords of Heusenstamm were probably related to the lords of Rumpenheim . Their common ancestors had rich possessions in the old Maingau , which is why it can also be assumed that they were related to the Eppsteiners.
The rulership of the Lords of Heusenstamm extended beyond their ancestral seat. Numerous documents from the following decades and centuries show that they owned property and some fiefs in the following places: Graefenhausen , Wachenbuchen , Groß -zimmer , Frankfurt , Nauheim and Rüsselsheim . However, numerous changes occurred in these ownership structures over the course of time.
At the end of the 13th century, together with the Lords of Rumpenheim, they received the village of Rumpenheim as an after-fief from the Lords of Hanau, who had Rumpenheim from the Bishop of Mainz as a fief. Gottfried von Heusenstamm gave the fiefdom in Rumpenheim back to the people of Hanau in 1425. The von Heusenstamm family reached the height of their power in 1545, when Sebastian von Heusenstamm was elected Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (until his death in 1555). However, his nephew Eberhard became Protestant and introduced the Reformation in Heusenstamm in 1556 . During the Counter Reformation , the gentlemen von Heusenstamm , who meanwhile worked at the Catholic imperial court in Vienna , reintroduced the Catholic creed.
In the forest of the former Dreieich, the Lords of Heusenstamm built an estate called Creyen-Bruch in 1586 (Grauer Bruch, trachyte stone used to be broken there). The name soon changed to Gravenbruch .
In 1616, after several deaths , the rule of Heusenstamm came completely to the sidelines that had moved to Vienna. The Austrians had little interest in their ancestral seat and leased it to the Frankfurt patrician family Steffan von Cronstetten . In 1661 the property went to the von Schönborn family , who lost it in the mid-1970s.
coat of arms
- Sebastian von Heusenstamm (1508–1555) Archbishop and Elector of Mainz
- Wolfgang von Heusenstamm († 1594), Cathedral Chapter in Mainz
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Heussenstamm, the counts of, genealogy . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 8th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1862, pp. 460–462 ( digitized version ).
- Johann Friedrich Gauhe: Genealogical-Historical Adels-Lexicon . Publisher: Johann Friedrich Gleditsch, Leipzig 1740
- Alfred Kurt: Stadt + Kreis Offenbach in history . Bintz-Verlag, Offenbach am Main 1998, ISBN 3-87079-009-1
- Heimatverein Heusenstamm (ed.): 750 years Heusenstamm , 1961
- Pedigree of Heinrich Franz Maria Graf von Heusenstamm on monasterium.net
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume V, Volume 84 of the complete series, Limburg (Lahn) 1984, p. 182 f.
- Wilhelm E. Heupel, “The Sicilian Grosshof under Kaiser Friedrich II.” Volumes 10-11, p. 300.
- Prof. Karl Gruber, "Minzinberg, Burg-Stadt-Kirche" Second edition 1973, Graphische Druckanstalt W. Herr, Gießen, p. 80 ff, family table.
- Regesta Imperii Regestdatenbank: RI II, 1 n.147, in: Regesta Imperii Online ( online , accessed December 8, 2012).
- Johannes Gutenberg University. Institute for Historical Regional Studies - 1978 - “Ministerialities in the Middle Rhine Region”, pp. 80 ff., ISBN 3-515-02774-2
- Findbuch 69, von Gemmingen-Hornberg (archive) , landesarchiv-bw.de
- The criminal justice system in the territorial state of the Electoral Palatinate , opus.bibliothek.uni-wuerzburg.de, Melanie Julia Hägermann, Diss. P. 263
- "Total ausgesäckelt" op-online.de from May 29, 2010