Scheibler's book of arms
The Scheibler coat of arms book ( Bayerische Staatsbibliothek , Cod.icon. 312 c) is a handwritten coat of arms in the holdings of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in Munich, which was created in the 15th to 17th centuries. It is named after private previous owners, the family of the Barons von Scheibler on Hülhoven in the Rhineland.
Structure of the book of arms
The book of arms can be roughly divided into two parts. The oldest part with 476 depictions of noble coats of arms each with a stech helmet, helmet cover and crest can be dated in its creation to the period 1450-1480. A more recent part with 148 page-size coats of arms, each with a bow helmet, helmet cover and crest, dates from the 16th to 17th centuries and adds a total of 624 coats of arms to the collection of coats of arms. There are also 62 empty coats of arms templates as preliminary drawings.
The older part of the book of arms contains coats of arms mainly from the following regions:
- Bavaria - see also list of Bavarian noble families
- Franconia - see also list of Franconian knight families , list of noble families in Franconia
- Netherlands (here denotes the Franconian-speaking area in the Rhineland to the Middle Rhine and the lower Neckar region)
- Swabia - see also list of Swabian noble families
In the younger part, there are more coats of arms from Switzerland .
The accuracy of detail and the artistic design value, especially of the older late Gothic coat of arms representations characterize this book of arms. The helmet covers are shown in elaborate draperies . The realistic to exaggerated figurative representations are also remarkable. One speaks here of drolleries , which are also known from the history of playing cards . The coats of arms of the late period are partly only sketchy or exist as rough preliminary drawings and thus soften the impression of a self-contained representation. Due to an interim renewal of the binding, the original sequence of the coats of arms was disrupted.
A paleographic analysis shows that the late Gothic captions of the older part are only present in remnants, as the leaves were later trimmed at the top and bottom. The coat of arms inscriptions from the 15th century are partially preserved on pages 452 to 475 above and were originally the wapen furen (family name) or dis wapen furent die (family name) . The old names of the regions at the bottom are still preserved on many of the sheets. In the early 17th century - apparently in connection with the trimming of the leaves - new inscriptions were added to the upper part of the picture cartouches, which also continue over the younger part of the volume. In the 17th century the pages were counted with Arabic numerals and finally an alphabetical register was attached, the paper of which can be dated to the time around 1693 through watermark analysis. With the exception of small handwritten additions, the Codex is essentially in the state it was in around 1700.
- Marianne Reuter: Description of the Cod.icon manuscript. 312 c safe manuscript . In: BSB-CodIcon Online, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Munich 2006. Online
- The book of arms as a sortable list - Wikimedia Commons
- Scheibler's book of arms - BSB Cod.icon. 312 c
- Reuter 2006, p. 2