|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Middle Franconia|
|County :||Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim|
|Management Community :||Scheinfeld|
|Height :||304 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||45.11 km 2|
|Residents:||4724 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||105 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||91443|
|Primaries :||09162, 09167|
|License plate :||NEA, SEF, UFF|
|Community key :||09 5 75 161|
|City structure:||18 parts of the community|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Claus Seifert ( SPD )|
|Location of the town of Scheinfeld in the Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim district|
Scheinfeld is a town in the district of Neustadt an der Aisch-Bad Windsheim in Middle Franconia . It is the seat of the Scheinfeld administrative association . The city lies on the southwest slope of the Steigerwald .
The Magnificat route of the Franconian Marienweg runs through Scheinfeld .
Name and first mention
In a document that must have been created between 776 and 796, the place was first mentioned as "Scegifeldum". The place name is derived from an identical field name, whose basic word field ( ahd. For level, arable land) and whose defining word is either the personal name Skago or the Old Norse verb skaga (= stand out). Depending on the field name means "to the tapering fields" or "to the fields of a Skago". In the following years Scheinfeld is also mentioned with the addition Nieder or Markt , probably to distinguish the nearby Oberscheinfeld . In the dialect, the place is pronounced "Schāfld".
In the period from 1405 to 1421, Erkinger von Seinsheim bought Schwarzenberg Castle from the Lords of Vestenberg, von Abenberg and the highly indebted Würzburg Monastery. Since then, Erkinger called himself "von Schwarzenberg". Due to the influence of Erkinger, Scheinfeld received city rights from Emperor Sigismund in 1415 . Since then, with a brief interruption from 1631 to 1634 by the Swedes, the city has been under the rule of the later Prince of Schwarzenberg . In the Thirty Years War , Scheinfeld was sacked by small Swedish associations from autumn 1631. Since 1668, Franciscan Minorites worked in Scheinfeld , who built the Schwarzenberg Monastery above Schwarzenberg Castle from 1702 to 1731 .
In 1805 Scheinfeld came to Bavaria and became a district town in the Rezatkreis. In 1810 the first Bavarian forestry school was established in Schwarzenberg. The princely Schwarzenberg's ruling court existed in Scheinfeld from 1814 to 1848, then a Royal Bavarian judicial and police authority existed until 1852, which was then converted into a regional court .
As early as March 21, 1921, the National Socialists had founded the first Northern Bavarian local group for Scheinfeld and Markt Bibart with the help of Scheinfeld's chief magistrate Karl Engert. Born in Scheinfeld, the farmer and innkeeper Wilhelm Holzwarth , the founder of the Uffenheimer Tageblatt , was also a founding member of the Scheinfeld local NSDAP group, but later became an opponent of the National Socialists. Scheinfeld's district leader, Nikolaus Rückel, called in 1938 to take part in the celebrations for the 15th anniversary of the Neustädter NSDAP local group: "Show the Franconian leader < Julius Streicher > that the Scheinfeld district is at the forefront as it was in the battle today" .
After the end of World War II in 1945, Scheinfeld belonged to the American zone of occupation . The American military administration set up a DP camp on April 28, 1946 to accommodate displaced persons (DPs). The residents came from the Regensburg DP camp and came exclusively from Lithuania . The camp was looked after by UNRRA Team 569 and disbanded in 1949. A special bilingual (English / Lithuanian) camp money was used as a means of payment within the camp.
The camp was originally set up by the Reich Labor Service in 1934. Components are still the so-called old building of the Scheinfelder Gymnasium and the Scheinfeld Wolfgang-Graf-Halle. The rest of the barracks in the camp were demolished in 1993 when the new triple sports hall was being built.
Until June 30, 1972, Scheinfeld was the central location of the district of the same name .
In 1866 the previously independent community of Schwarzenberg was incorporated. On the occasion of the regional reform in Bavaria , Burgambach , Erlabronn , Grappertshofen , Oberlaimbach , Schnodsenbach and Thierberg as well as parts of the dissolved municipality of Kornhöfstadt were added on January 1, 1972 . Ruthmannsweiler and Unterlaimbach followed on January 1, 1976.
In the period from 1988 to 2018, the population increased from 4,245 to 4,648 by 403 inhabitants or 9.5%.
The city council has 16 members. The local election on March 15, 2020 resulted in the following distribution of seats:
In addition to the town of Scheinfeld, the Scheinfeld administrative community includes the four market communities of Markt Bibart , Markt Taschendorf , Oberscheinfeld and Sugenheim, as well as the community of Langenfeld .
Culture and sights
- Schwarzenberg Castle Concerts in the ancestral hall of Schwarzenberg Castle for friends of classical music and jazz
- Schwarzenberg Castle
- Schwarzenberg Monastery , with the monastery church designed by Balthasar Neumann
- Catholic parish church of the Assumption
- Upper gate tower
- Evangelical Lutheran Church of the Redeemer
Economy and Infrastructure
- Scheinfeld is the seat of the administrative association of the same name .
- Stadtwerke Scheinfeld operates a city-owned indoor swimming pool (especially used for school sports) and the Scheinfeld outdoor swimming pool (completely renovated in winter 2016/2017).
- Shortly after the establishment of a gymnastics club in Neustadt an der Aisch in 1861, a gymnastics club was set up in Scheinfeld for the first time.
- Fire brigade city of Scheinfeld with the association of the same name, which was founded in 1869 and will celebrate its 150th anniversary in 2019.
- In 2011 the city band of Scheinfeld celebrated its 100th anniversary.
- In 2016, a social used goods department store in Scheinfeld's old town emerged from Scheinfeld's refugee aid. In this “come in!” Shop, customers can buy used clothing and housewares at low prices. It is run by the Diakonieverein Scheinfeld. The entire proceeds will be donated to charitable organizations and projects in Scheinfeld and around the world.
- The Scheinfeld children's construction site.
- Scheinfeld costume.
- Princely privil. Schwarzenberg's gunmen of the Scheinfeld costume in the Heimat- und Kulturverein.
- Schützenverein Scheinfeld.
- Elementary and middle school in Scheinfeld
- Private high school and technical college at Schwarzenberg Castle
- Scheinfeld high school
- State Vocational School Center (BSZ) Scheinfeld (for the subjects of nutrition and supply , child care , social care and agriculture )
- Vocational schools for geriatric care and geriatric care help
- Scheinfeld nursing school
- Schwarzenberg Monastery Education Center
- The Scheinfeld children's construction site (supported by the Heimat- und Kulturverein Scheinfeld Stadt und Land e.V.) offers children (once a month in summer) the opportunity to visit an educational adventure playground.
- Evangelical youth Scheinfeld
- Klosterjugend ( Kloster Schwarzenberg )
- TSV ticket field
- Swimming clubs (DLRG and Delfin)
- The sporting goods manufacturer Adidas has its only German production facility in Scheinfeld. Among other things, custom-made products for top athletes are made there.
- Erkinger I. von Seinsheim, baron von Schwarzenberg (1362–1437), founder, baron, in 1415 Scheinfeld became a town at his instigation
- Petrus Karl Mangold (1889–1942, born in Scheinfeld), Franciscan
- Franz Stadelmayer (1891–1971, born in Scheinfeld), lawyer, politician and Lord Mayor of Würzburg
- Fritz Erlwein (1894–1945, born in Scheinfeld), a. a. Kaufmann, in Neustadt ad Aisch co-founder of the local groups of the NSDAP and SA , city councilor and second mayor.
- Ludwig Pösl (1903–1945, born in Scheinfeld), politician (NSDAP)
- Stephen J. Townsend (* 1959 in Scheinfeld), Lieutenant General of the US Army , has been commanding US troops in Iraq and Syria in Operation Inherent Resolve since August 2016
- Josef Bulitta (1908–1979), German lawyer in Scheinfeld, non-fiction author, founder of “Aktion für das Leben” and holder of the Federal Cross of Merit
- Benno Bulitta (* 1950), German economist, non-fiction author, university lecturer and local politician (CSU)
- Johann Kaspar Bundschuh : Marktscheinfeld . In: Geographical Statistical-Topographical Lexicon of Franconia . tape 6 : V-Z . Verlag der Stettinische Buchhandlung, Ulm 1804, DNB 790364328 , OCLC 833753116 , Sp. 838 ( digitized version ).
- Gerhard Hojer: District of Scheinfeld (= Bavarian art monuments . Volume 35 ). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1976, DNB 760102457 , p. 245-264 .
- Wolf Dieter Ortmann: District of Scheinfeld (= Historical Place Name Book of Bavaria, Middle Franconia . Volume 3 ). Commission for Bavarian State History, Munich 1967, DNB 457000929 , p. 163-164 .
- Wolf-Armin von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Franconian place names. Origin and meaning . Upper Franconia, Middle Franconia, Lower Franconia. CH Beck, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-406-59131-0 , p. 198 .
- Pleikard Joseph Stumpf : Scheinfeld . In: Bavaria: a geographical-statistical-historical handbook of the kingdom; for the Bavarian people . Second part. Munich 1853, p. 757-758 ( digitized version ).
- City website
- Scheinfeld in the Topographia Franconiae of the University of Würzburg , accessed on September 25, 2019.
- Entry on Scheinfeld's coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Community of Scheinfeld in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on September 25, 2019.
- W.-A. v. Reitzenstein, p. 198; WD Ortmann, p. 163ff.
- Max Döller (1950), p. 234 f.
- Max Döllner : History of the development of the city of Neustadt an der Aisch until 1933. Ph. CW Schmidt, Neustadt ad Aisch 1950. (New edition 1978 on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Ph. CW Schmidt Neustadt an der Aisch publishing house 1828-1978. ) P. 755.
- Wolfgang Mück: Nazi stronghold in Middle Franconia: The völkisch awakening in Neustadt an der Aisch 1922–1933. Verlag Philipp Schmidt, 2016 (= Streiflichter from home history. Special volume 4); ISBN 978-3-87707-990-4 , p. 28.
- Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 148, note 468, and p. 259 f.
- Wolfgang Mück (2016), p. 185 f.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 565 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 723 .
- Schwarzenberg Castle Concerts. Retrieved March 6, 2018 .
- Max Döllner (1950), p. 604 f.
- Scheinfelder Tracht: Website
- Wolfgang Mück: Nazi stronghold in Middle Franconia: The völkisch awakening in Neustadt an der Aisch 1922–1933. Verlag Philipp Schmidt, 2016 (= Streiflichter from home history. Special volume 4); ISBN 978-3-87707-990-4 , pp. 209-211 ( Erlwein, Friedrich / Fritz (“Stier von Neustadt”) ).