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◄◄ | | 1201 | 1202 | 1203 | 1204 | 1205 | 1206 | 1207 | 1208 | 1209 | | ►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

Tomb for Enrico Dandolo
The almost 100-year-old Venetian doge Enrico Dandolo
dies on the Fourth Crusade in Constantinople .
1205 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 653/654 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1197/98
Buddhist calendar 1748/49 (southern Buddhism); 1747/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Wood Ox 乙丑 ( at the beginning of the year Wood Rat R)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 567/568 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 583/584
Islamic calendar 601/602 (turn of the year August 17th / 18th)
Jewish calendar 4965/66 (September 14/15)
Coptic calendar 921/922
Malayalam calendar 380/381
Seleucid era Babylon: 1515/16 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1516/17 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1243
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1261/62 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Fourth crusade

Map of the Battle of Adrianople

Asia Minor

Kingdom of Cyprus / Kingdom of Jerusalem

Hungary / Croatia

Other events in Europe

  • With the death of the Latin emperor Baldwin in Bulgarian captivity, his eldest daughter Johanna becomes Countess of Flanders and Hainaut in her own right at the age of five . Her uncle Philip I of Namur takes over the reign .

science and technology

The Elefantenuhr of al-Jazari; Illustration around 1300, from a copy of his writings on machines
  • around 1205: Al-Jazarī , Arab engineer in the service of the Turkmen Ortoqid , wrote his work on mechanical devices, the Kitāb fī maʿrifat al-Hiyal al-handasīya ( Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices ), also known as Automata in western culture becomes known. The richly illustrated six-part work contains descriptions of the construction and functions of clocks, various vessels for drinking and bloodletting, fountains, pumping stations and other mechanisms such as doors and door locks, but also measuring devices. Among other things, he describes the elephant clock .




Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1205


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

  • between April 14th and July 20th: Baldwin I , Count of Flanders and Hainaut, Emperor of the Latin Empire (* 1172 )

Web links

Commons : 1205  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files