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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Expulsion of the Cathars from Carcassonne (medieval miniature)
The Albigensian Crusade begins in southern France.
1209 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 657/658 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1201/02
Buddhist calendar 1752/53 (southern Buddhism); 1751/52 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Snake己巳 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dragon 龙 辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 571/572 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 587/588
Islamic calendar 605/606 (turn of the year July 5th / 6th)
Jewish calendar 4969/70 (August 31 / September 1)
Coptic calendar 925/926
Malayalam calendar 384/385
Seleucid era Babylon: 1519/20 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1520/21 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1247
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1265/66 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

The Albigensian Crusade

Innocent III. and Arnaud Amaury, spiritual leader of the crusade; Miniature from the 1st half of the 13th century
  • On the occasion of the assassination of the legate Pierre de Castelnau , Pope Innocent III. called last year to crusade against the Albigensians . The participating crusaders were promised the forgiveness of the penalties for sin (indulgence). The conquered areas are to be re-assigned as fiefs by the Pope to aristocratic participants in the crusade. 10,000 crusaders from France and the Holy Roman Empire gather in the spring under the leadership of Arnaud Amaury , Odo III. of Burgundy , Hervé of Nevers and Walter of Saint-Pol in Lyon . A large part of the Occitan nobility and, closely intertwined with them, the Catholic Church, whose members, however, are forbidden to take up arms, stand on the side of the opponents .
  • June 18 : Count Raimund VI , excommunicated two years ago . von Toulouse submits to the Holy See in a ceremony of penance and reconciliation.
  • July 22nd : In the course of the Albigensian Crusade, the city of Béziers is conquered and razed to the ground. In the massacre that followed, almost the entire population, around 20,000 people, was murdered.
  • August 1st : The crusaders reach Carcassonne , which surrenders after a two-week siege. The majority of the population has fled through underground passages into the surrounding forests. Those left behind are burned, hanged or driven naked from the city. The Vice Count of Béziers-Carcassonne, Raimund-Roger Trencavel , was locked in a dungeon as a supporter of the heresy and, in accordance with the applicable expropriation principle, declared his titles and domains forfeited.
  • August 15 : After the fall of Carcassonne, Simon de Montfort is elected by the Crusaders as Viscount of Béziers and Carcassonne and as military leader of the Crusade.
  • Albi , Castelnaudary , Castres , Fanjeaux , Limoux , Lombers and Montréal surrender after the fall of Carcassonnes.
  • End of August: Most crusaders leave the crusader army after the required minimum time of 40 days.
  • September: Simon of Montford begins to siege the domains of Count Raimund Roger of Foix , with which he commits a clear violation of the law.
  • November 10 : Raymond II Trencavel succeeds his father, who died in prison, in his rights.
  • Winter: About 40 conquered towns rise and drive out their crusader garrisons. The local knighthood also comes together to resist.


Holy Roman Empire / Italy

Otto IV. Is the first Roman-German emperor whose coat of arms is clearly passed down. It is a split shield with three lions and an eagle cut in half.

Fourth crusade


City rights and first documentary mentions

science and technology

Religion and culture

Church hierarchy



  • February 20 : King Otto IV gives the Teutonic Order an imperial court in front of Nuremberg with the already existing Jakobskapelle. Here the order immediately erects a commander .
Santa Maria Arabona Abbey Church


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1209


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1209

Web links

Commons : 1209  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files