Calendar overview 1165
His successor is his eight-month-old son Rokujō .
|1165 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||613/614 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1708/09 (southern Buddhism); 1707/08 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||64th (65th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||527/528 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||560/561 (November 6-7)|
|Jewish calendar||4925/26 (September 8/9)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1475/76 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1476/77 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1221/22 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- December 9th : William the Lion becomes King of Scotland after the death of his brother Malcolm IV .
- Anglo-Norman conquest of Ireland : Diarmuid Mac Murchadha Caomhánach , the petty king of Leinster , expelled by the Irish kings Ruaidhrí Ua Conchobair and Tigernán Ua Ruairc , seeks the support of the English king, Henry II , to regain his empire. He, who is taking care of the parts of his Angevin empire in France after a failed campaign against Wales , has no ambitions to intervene in Ireland at this time. He is therefore content to accept Diarmuid as his vassal and allow him to seek support from the Anglo-Norman nobles of his empire. Diarmuid goes to Wales, where some barons of the Welsh Marches , whose estates are under pressure due to the expansion of the princes of Gwynedd and Deheubarth , promise their support.
Holy Roman Empire
- The Reichstag meets in Würzburg under the chairmanship of Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa : With the Würzburg oaths the Emperor and almost all princes vow never to recognize "Roland" (Pope Alexander III ). At the Reichstag, Henry the Lion was engaged to the English king's daughter Mathilde Plantagenet .
- Christian I. von Buch is recognized by Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa as Archbishop of Mainz . Simultaneous claims by Konrad I. von Wittelsbach justify a schism .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Markgraf Otto the rich of Meißen issued a location at the intersection of Via Regia with the Via imperil the city law and the market law . That is considered the founding date of Leipzig .
- Pfalzgrafenweiler is first mentioned in a document when the Pfalzgrafenweiler Castle , which was located there, was destroyed by the Count Palatine of Tübingen .
- around 1165: Rostock is first mentioned in a document.
Culture and religion
- October 11th : The foundation stone for the cathedral in Brandenburg an der Havel is laid. At this point in time, the seat of the Brandenburg bishop is in the old town of Brandenburg , which is part of the royal territory. The bishop's church is the St. Gotthardt Church . With the start of construction of the settled Prämonstratenser - Convention on the Cathedral Island.
- At the instigation of Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa, Charlemagne is appointed by Rainald von Dassel , Archbishop of Cologne , with the approval of the antipope Paschal III. , canonized
- Construction of a new cathedral begins in Lyon .
Date of birth saved
- August 7 : Muhyī d-Dīn Ibn ʿArabī , Islamic philosopher and mystic / Sufi (d. 1240 )
- August 21 : Philip II , King of France († 1223 )
- November 1 : Gerlach , abbot of the Mühlhausen monastery in Bohemia and chronicler († 1228 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Baldwin of Toulouse , Bruniquel and Lautrec († 1214 )
- Bénézet , one of the patrons of Avignon, saint († 1184 )
- Dulcia II , Countess of Provence († 1172 )
- Eberhard von Kumbd , subdeacon, Seliger († 1191 )
Born around 1165
- Heinrich I , Duke of Brabant († 1235 )
- Rainald I von Dammartin , French count († 1227 )
- Ruben II , Prince of Lesser Armenia († 1170 )
Date of death secured
- February 23 : Heinrich II of Stühlingen , Bishop of Würzburg
- April 11th : Stephan IV. , Hungarian counter-king (* around 1133 )
- June 25th : Gottfried von Admont , Abbot of Admont
- September 5 : Nijō , Emperor of Japan (* 1143 )
- December 9 : Malcolm IV , King of Scotland (* 1142 )
Exact date of death unknown
- September 1st or November 20th: Hermann von Arbon , Bishop of Constance
- Gernot , Abbot of Fulda
- Rupert I , Bishop of Passau
- Sibylle of Anjou , French noblewoman (* around 1112 )
- Simon III de Neauphle-le-Château , Connétable of France