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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Satellite image of Ibiza (above) and Formentera (below)
Peter of Portugal conquered Ibiza and Formentera from the Moors .
1235 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 683/684 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1227/28
Buddhist calendar 1778/79 (southern Buddhism); 1777/78 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the wood sheep乙未 ( at the beginning of the year wood horse 甲午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 597/598 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 613/614
Islamic calendar 632/633 (turn of the year 15th / 16th September)
Jewish calendar 4995/96 (September 14-15)
Coptic calendar 951/952
Malayalam calendar 410/411
Seleucid era Babylon: 1545/46 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1546/47 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1273
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1291/92 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

  • July 2nd : King Heinrich (VII.) Submits to his father, Emperor Friedrich II. In Wimpfen after a futile rebellion , after he was defeated in the Swiggerstal in the battle. On July 4th Friedrich II held court over Heinrich with the imperial princes in Worms , dethroned him and imprisoned him for life. He is brought to Heidelberg in the castle dungeon, then to Alerheim Castle in the Ries and finally via Friuli to Apulia . He will be held there in various locations until the end of the year. Henry's allies are largely pardoned.
Emperor Friedrich II and Isabella Plantagenet, Chronica Majora of Matthew Paris , 13th century
Friedrich II enfeoffs Otto the child with the Duchy of Braunschweig-Lüneburg at the Mainzer Hoftag; Book illumination in a Sachsenspiegel manuscript from 1448


Jaume I.

Other events in Europe

Mongol Empire



First documentary mentions

science and technology

In his book De Anni Ratione (loosely translated as "The Year System") Johannes de Sacrobosco criticizes the Julian calendar and suggests an improved leap year rule, as it was 350 years later by Pope Gregory XIII. will be realized in the Gregorian calendar reform .



Painting and drawing


Elisabeth statue in Naumburg Cathedral



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1235


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1235

Web links

Commons : 1235  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files