Albrecht II (Hohenberg-Rotenburg)

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Codex Manesse: Count Albrecht II in battle
Grave slab for Count Albrecht II von Hohenberg and his second wife Margareta von Fürstenberg in the Kirchberg monastery

Albrecht II. (Also Albert II.) Von Hohenberg-Rotenburg (* around 1235 ; † April 17, 1298 in front of Leinstetten Castle ) was Count of Hohenberg and Haigerloch , Reichslandvogt of Lower Swabia and at times Reichssturmfähnrich . He belonged to the Zollern-Hohenberg line that was split off from the Swabian Hohenzollern House in the 12th century . Under the name of Albrecht von Haigerloch , two song verses are ascribed to him in the Codex Manesse .


Graf on the upper Neckar

Albrecht was the son of Count Burchard V von Hohenberg and his wife Hereditary Countess Mechthild from the family of the Count Palatine of Tübingen . When his father died in 1253, he inherited his dominion around the Hohenberg , Haigerloch and Rotenburg castles , while his younger brother Burkhard VI. († 1318) received his mother's lands around the Nagold and Wildberg castles and established a Hohenberger branch line there.

Around 1280 he founded the town of Rotenburg (today Rottenburg am Neckar) near the existing castle as the administrative center of his county. A more central administration was necessary because of the constant expansion of territory by the Hohenberger in the direction of the Neckar valley .

Governor in Lower Swabia

He was a partisan and close companion of Count Rudolf I of Habsburg , elected king in 1273 , who was married to his older sister Gertrud Anna . Albrecht benefited from the Habsburgs' rise and revenge policy : he commissioned Albrecht as bailiff of the newly created imperial bailiwick of Lower Swabia to regain lost imperial property and formerly Staufer property in Swabia and to prepare the ground for the restitution of the duchy of Swabia, which had been vacant since Conradin's death, the Rudolf intended for his family. Some of the beneficiaries of the interregnum did not want to squeeze out their gains without a fight, so that Albrecht had to fight out some feuds and suffer setbacks. To his most powerful opponent, Count Hartmann III from Württemberg . von Grüningen , he forged a coalition with several counts, for whom the expansive Hartmann was also a thorn in their side. After several attempts he was finally able to defeat him in April 1280 and put him in dungeon at Asperg Castle until his death. This gave King Rudolf access to the imperial city of Grüningen , today Markgröningen , and other places in the Württemberg lowlands, some of which he granted town charter in the following years. In the following decade Albrecht resided mainly in the Reichsburg Grüningen , where he celebrated the wedding of his son Albrecht III in 1284 in the presence of Rudolf and numerous princes and counts. celebrated.

After the death of Hartmann III. von Grüningen without male descendants raised his half-brother Count Konrad von Grüningen-Landau and his cousin Count Eberhard von Württemberg claims to his inheritance and "rebelled" against Rudolf and Albrecht's supremacy in Lower Swabia. After years of disputes and a fruitless comparison of King Rudolf, Counts Albrecht and Eberhard were reconciled in Grüningen on December 6, 1291 and celebrated the engagement of Albrecht's daughter Mechthild with Eberhard's son Ulrich.


As the legal successor to Count Hartmann II von Grüningen († 1274), Albrecht accompanied the king on several campaigns as an imperial ensign . In 1290, Albrecht also stayed at the court of Wenceslas II of Bohemia . Rudolf's plan to revive the Duchy of Swabia and win it over to the Habsburgs, however, failed. After Rudolf's death in 1291, Albrecht supported his son Albrecht of Austria against Adolf von Nassau , who was elected king instead , and who had promptly withdrawn from him the offices of Reichssturmfähnrichs, bailiff and bailiff of Grüningen and entrusted his brother-in-law Heinrich von Isenburg with this.

When trying to Duke Otto III. of Lower Bavaria from uniting with the army of the previously deposed King Adolf against Albrecht of Austria, Count Albrecht fell in April 1298 while retreating from the battle on the Kreuzwiesen near his castle in Leinstetten , before Duke Albrecht the battle of Göllheim in July decided for himself and succeeded his father Rudolf. Albrecht II was buried in the Kirchberg monastery founded by his father Burkhard . His grave slab was preserved.


Albrecht is also known as a minstrel. In the Codex Manesse there is a miniature on sheet 42r that shows him under the name of Count Albrecht von Haigerloch as a knight in a battle (probably the battle in which he fell). The back of the sheet contains the only two stanzas ascribed to Albrecht.

Albrecht's stanzas form a canzone , which is close to the verse poetry due to the length of the lines and the argumentative treatment of the topic (open and secret love) . The first stanza contrasts stæte minne and triuwe with the attitude of minnedieps , the second stanza offers the opposite position (forbidden water tastes better than open wine).


Albrecht was married three times. The name of his first wife is not known. The marriage had two children:

  • Agnes ⚭ 1281 Albrecht († 1292), Count of Gorizia and Tyrol
  • Albrecht III, called Rösselmann († 1304), Count of Hohenberg ⚭ 1284 NN

In his second marriage he married Countess Margareta von Fürstenberg († 1296) in 1282. From the marriage he had three children:

  • Margaretha († 1295) ⚭ (engagement 1288) Heinrich IV. († 1301), Margrave of Burgau
  • Mechthild, engaged to Ulrich († 1315), Count of Württemberg in 1291
  • Rudolf I († 1336), Count of Hohenberg, Lord of Triberg

His third wife was Countess Ursula von Öttingen († 1308). The marriage had two children:

  • Albrecht, monk in Bonndorf 1317
  • Adelheid († February 23, 1333) ⚭ around 1317 Conrad I († 1353), Count of Schaunberg


Web links


  1. ↑ In addition to the Margrave of Baden, the Count Palatine of Tübingen and the Counts of Asperg and Vaihingen have been handed down.
  2. ^ Hermann Römer : Markgröningen in the context of Landesgeschichte I, Urgeschichte und Mittelalter , Renczes, Markgröningen 1933, pp. 97-101.
  3. ^ Hermann Römer: Markgröningen in the context of Landesgeschichte I, Urgeschichte und Mittelalter , Markgröningen 1933, p. 101ff.
predecessor Office successor
Burchard III. Count of Hohenberg
Count of Haigerloch
Albrecht III.