Kanzone (literature)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

As Kanzone ( Italian Canzone , "Song") is a lyric poem form denotes that a mixture between the song and the Ode and serves often more serious expressed and moody viewing; in Middle High German poetry it is a very common form of secular song.

It consists of several longer, identically built stanzas , followed by a shorter final stanza . If the identical stanzas consist of more than ten verses, the stanza is divided into two parts, the feet and the tail. The former consist of two identically built sections that rhyme with each other; the latter contains more rhymes entwined or crossed, and is metrically connected with the former by the fact that its first verse rhymes with the last of the feet. In the shorter final stanza there is also the form of entwining and crossing the rhymes. The number of verses that make up the stanza is indefinite; as a rule, five-footed and three - footed iambs alternate. The kanzone comes from the Provencal troubadours , but after its heyday in Middle High German poetry it was not until Italy, through Dante and Petrarch , that it received its exemplary training. In Germany, the canzone was later spread among the Romantics such as August Wilhelm Schlegel , August Graf von Platen , Friedrich Rückert , Joseph Christian von Zedlitz , Ludwig Bechstein , Franz von Dingelstedt and Max Waldau .

Canon strophe in Middle High German

In Middle High German poetry, the canzone strophe consisted of three parts, which are referred to as the tunnel ; the meter is therefore also referred to as the Stollenstrophe . The first two tunnels were similar and formed the "Aufgesang"; the last part of the stanza formed the so-called "swan song". The tunnels matched metrically.

Since Walther von der Vogelweide , the clumpy stanza structure has also prevailed in poetry.

Example: Walther von der Vogelweide (L. 45,37)

So the blossoms and the grass urgently,
same si laugh against the spilden sunnen,
in a meien on the morning fruo, (first tunnel)
and the little vogellîn wol singent
in the best knowledge that they can,
waz wünne mac to erase it? (second tunnel)
ez is probably half a hîmelrîche.
when we speak waz deme gelîche,
so I say waz me fat baz
in mînen ougen had done,
And if I did too, I saw there. (Swan song)

Italian canzone strophe

The Italian canzone strophe based on Petrarch's canzone CXXVI from his canzoniere

In the Italian literature of the Duecento and Trecento , the canzone , considered the most solemn and worthy form of poetry, played an essential role. In the 13th century , the Sicilian school of poets developed the sonnet from the canzone strophe . Petrarch in particular wrote numerous canzons and gave the Italian canzon strophe its characteristic shape.

The Italian kanzonenstanze is divided into three parts: fronte , chiave (or concatenazione ) and sirima (or coda ). The fronte corresponds to the German Aufgesang and the sirima to the Abgesang. The Facade is in turn divided into two piedi of three verses and the Sirima in two volte three verses.

The canzone usually comprises five to seven stanzas, which in turn consist of endecasillabi (' elfsilblers ') and settenari (' seven silblers '), which are arranged within the stanza in different rhyme schemes . This scheme is retained for the other stanzas. Since the authors of Dolce stil novo it has been customary to add a mostly shorter stanza at the end, the commiato or congedo .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Marcello Sensini: La Grammatica della Lingua Italiana. Con la collaborazione di Federico Roncoroni. 1a edizione, ramp. Mondadori, Milan 2008, ISBN 978-88-04-46647-5 , p. 683.
  2. ^ Wilhelm Theodor Elwert: Italian Metrics , 2nd, by the author. u. exp. Aufl. Steiner, Wiesbaden 1984, pp. 105-110, ISBN 3-515-04204-0 .