Dolce style novo

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The Dolce stil novo ( Sweet New Style , Stilnovismus ) was a literary movement in Italy in the 13th and 14th centuries .


Characteristic of this style, which emerged in northern and central Italy (especially in Florence ) under the influence of the Sicilian school of poetry and trobadord poetry , was the love theme. According to the Platonic doctrine of ideas and courtly literary views, love is exaggerated and seen as a divine force and described with a sophisticated system of metaphors and symbols . What is new is the poet's introspection, who describes the effect of female beauty on his soul in detail, but attaches great importance to linguistic sophistication and less to an authentic representation of the experience. For the description of the beauty of the adored woman, the poets of Dolce stil novo find a large number of images; the beloved appears as a paradisiacal being, angel , divine bride and is thus moved into the sphere of the supernatural. It is significant that no longer only the blood nobility is in the foreground, but the nobility of the heart, the noble disposition of the human being is celebrated. Dolce stil novo is thus also related to the incipient humanism of the Renaissance and the striving for emancipation of the urban bourgeoisie, which early on gained its own voice in the Italian urban republics.

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Literary forms of expression of poetry are primarily sonnets and canzons .


Guido Guinizelli is considered to be the first important representative of this style with the poem Al cor gentil rempaira semper amore . He also owns Cino da Pistoia , Lapo Gianni , Gianni Alfani and Dino Frescobaldi . The style reached its peak with Dante Alighieri , who expressed his love for his Beatrice in his Vita Nova . The name Dolce stil novo also comes from Dante . Also Francesco Petrarch's poems in which he describes his love for Laura, are ultimately still outflow of the Dolce stil novo , simultaneously Petrarch further justified the love poetry as Petrarchism a style that has a strong influence on the development of European poetry.

See also