Lincoln (Lincolnshire)

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City of Lincoln
Castle Hill, Exchequer Gate and the Cathedral
The Castle Hill , the Exchequer Gate and the Cathedral
Coordinates 53 ° 14 ′  N , 0 ° 32 ′  W Coordinates: 53 ° 14 ′  N , 0 ° 32 ′  W
OS National Grid SK9771
City of Lincoln (England)
City of Lincoln
City of Lincoln
Residents 87,800 (as of 2007)
surface 35.69 km² (13.78  mi² )
Population density: 2460 inhabitants per km²
Post town LINCOLN
Part of the country England
ONS code 32UD
British Parliament Lincoln

Lincoln [ ˈlɪŋkən ] is a city in England . It is the capital of the county of Lincolnshire and the River Witham flows through it.

Location in Lincolnshire


Newport Arch , Roman Gate

The city of Lincoln looks back on over 2000 years of history. Long before the Romans came to Lincoln, the area of ​​today's city was settled. The Romans established their first military base for the Legio VIIII Hispana (9th Legion ) in 48 , which was converted into a town for Roman veterans in Lindum Colonia in 96 . The Celtic-Latin name Lindum goes back to the name of the Celtic predecessor settlement Lindon "Becken, Teich".

Due to its strategic location on the Witham River and at a point where two major trade routes converge, Lincoln developed into a major trading center early on. Presumably Lincoln was the capital of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Lindsey . The Normans built the mighty Lincoln Castle in 1068 under William the Conqueror . Four years later they began building a cathedral , one of the most monumental medieval churches in Great Britain and, by 1549, the tallest church in the world at the time .

Lincoln made a long income from the wool and cloth trade from the Middle Ages and became a wealthy city. The city did not recover from the decline of this branch of industry from the 14th century until the 19th century when the industrial revolution began. Lincoln completed the structural change and became an important industrial location.

Cathedral seen from the castle
Lincoln Castle, gate construction
Brayford Pool towards Old Town

coat of arms

Blazon : In silver a continuous red bar cross, in the middle of which a golden heraldic lily.


The historic old town with some interesting buildings, including in particular, is worth seeing

  • the Cathedral , one of the most important works of English Gothic , the oldest parts still in the Norman style were built
  • the castle ( Lincoln Castle ), in which one of the four surviving copies of the Magna Charta is kept
  • the Roman archway Newport Arch
  • Town houses, partly from Norman times, including the Jew's House and the Norman House
  • the medieval market halls
  • a windmill.

The area in the scenic Central England is known for its numerous castles and mansions .

Town twinning


sons and daughters of the town

People who have worked in the city

Web links

Commons : Lincoln  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Frank Merry Stenton: Anglo-Saxon England , Oxford University Press, 2001 (3rd ed.), ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5 , pp. 115-116
  2. ^ The Pictorial History of Lincoln Cathedral - otherwise called Lincoln Minster , Pitkin Pictorials Ltd, London 1967, 25 p. With many photos