Calendar overview 1290
|Andrew III becomes King of Hungary .|
|1290 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||738/739 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1833/34 (southern Buddhism); 1832/33 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||652/653 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||688/689 (turn of the year 13/14 January)|
|Jewish calendar||5050/51 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1600/01 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1601/02 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1346/47 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- July 18 : An anti-Jewish decree of King Edward I is announced in England , which expels all Jews from the country with a deadline by the end of October.
Holy Roman Empire
- The imperial city of Duisburg is pledged to the Count of Kleve for 2000 silver marks and thus loses its imperial freedom .
- July 10th : King Ladislaus IV of Hungary , also King of Croatia , Dalmatia and Rama , is murdered by Cumans . Since he leaves no descendants, Andreas III. brought from Italy to Hungary from a sideline of the Arpades and crowned the new king. In the same year he married the Polish princess Fenena von Kujawien .
- August: In Acre , one of the last bastions of the Kingdom of Jerusalem , the last of the four crusader states in the “ Holy Land ”, a massacre of Muslim traders by drunken, demoralized crusaders occurs . Qalawun , Sultan of the Mamluks from the Bahri dynasty in Egypt , thereupon demands the extradition of the perpetrators and a large amount of compensation, which is rejected by the city rulers of Akkon. Qalawun then begins to raise an army.
- November 5th : The army moves towards Syria . But on November 11th, Sultan Qalawun dies. Surprisingly, Qalawun's son al-Ashraf Chalil was able to assert himself as sultan within a few weeks without the usual turmoil and resolutely continued his father's plan. However, because of the advanced season, he postpones the attack until the following spring.
First documentary mentions
- Conters im Prättigau , Göschenen , Röschenz , Saas im Prättigau and Uhwiesen are first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- Oldest French cookbook
- Perhaps triggered by the death of his childhood sweetheart Beatrice , Dante begins planning his main work, the Divine Comedy (written from 1307 to 1321 ).
- Our frouwen leich , the Marienleich , will be created by this year at the latest , the best-handed down work by Frauenlob , which is likely to have given its name to Vrouwenlop .
- around 1290: Appearance of the Italian Gothic
- around 1290: A pottery industry is established in Faenza (Italy); from this the term faience for the white glazed, painted ceramic is derived .
- Around 1290: The Strasbourg cathedral receives glass paintings in the north aisle and rich artistic decoration of the three west portals, which heralds a new development in German sculpture.
- around 1290: Giotto di Bondone begins to work independently in the upper church of San Francesco in Assisi.
- In the Duchy of Liegnitz the order of the old hoe is founded, whose aim is to sensitize knights to the times of need and danger.
- King John I of Castile founds the Order of the Dove . The aim of the order is the defense of the Catholic faith and the protection of orphans. The knights must vow marital chastity.
- around 1290: Gertrud von Helfta also takes part in the recording of the revelations of her fellow sister Mechthild von Hackeborn , the Liber specialis gratiae .
- around 1290: The Augustinian Heinrich von Friemar ( Augustinian monastery in Erfurt ) becomes provincial for the first time.
Date of birth saved
- August 4th : Leopold I , Duke of Austria († 1326 )
- October 15 : Anna Přemyslovna , Queen of Bohemia († 1313 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Butön Rinchen Drub , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1364 )
- Matthias von Arras , French architect and builder († 1352 )
- Taddeo Gaddi , Italian painter († 1366 )
- Johann Parricida , Duke of Austria and Steyer († 1313 )
- Viola Elisabeth von Teschen , Queen of Hungary and Bohemia († 1317 )
- Giovanni Visconti , son of Matteo I. Visconti († 1354 )
Born around 1290
- Richard Airmyn , English cleric († around 1340 )
- Thomas Bradwardine , mathematician and Archbishop of Canterbury († 1349 )
- Johann II. Von Bubenberg , mayor of Bern († around 1369 )
- Clement VI. , Pope († 1352 )
- Francis of Prague , Bohemian chronicler († around 1362 )
- Maud de Burgh , Anglo-Irish nobleman († 1320 )
- Niccolò de 'Rossi , Italian poet and lawyer († after 1348)
- Isabel le Despenser , English nobleman († 1334 )
- John Maltravers , English nobleman and courtier († 1364 )
- Maurice Moray , Scottish nobleman († 1346 )
- Agnolo di Ventura , Italian architect and sculptor († around 1349 )
Date of death secured
- January 25th : Heinrich II. , Count of Hoya
- January 28th : Johann I , count of the front county of Sponheim (* around 1247 )
- February 3 : Henry XIII. , Duke of Bavaria (* 1235 )
- March 26th : John Kirkby , English civil servant and minister, and Bishop of Ely
- April 9th : Winrich , abbot of the Cistercian monastery in Ebrach
- June 3 : Friedrich von Montfort , Bishop of Chur
- June 8 : Beatrice Portinari , Florentine banker's daughter, possibly a youth swarm of Dante Alighieris (* 1266 )
- June 23 : Heinrich IV. , Upper Duke of Poland and Duke of Breslau (* around 1256 )
- July 10 : Ladislaus IV , King of Hungary (* 1262 )
- August 3rd : Rudolf von Hoheneck , Archbishop of Salzburg
- August 24th : Zawisch von Falkenstein , important nobleman from the Witigonen family (* around 1250 )
- November 11th : Qalawun , Sultan of the Mamluks in Egypt (* 1222 )
- November 28 : Eleanor of Castile , Queen of England (* 1241 )
- December 18 : Hermann I von Henneberg , Count von Henneberg (* 1224 )
- December 18 : Magnus I , King of Sweden (* 1240 )
- December 21 : Gerhard I. , Count of Holstein-Itzehoe (* 1232 )
Exact date of death unknown
- May: Alice de Lusignan , French-English noblewoman (* 1236 )
- around September 26th : Margaret , the Norwegian king's daughter, designated Queen of Scotland (* 1283 )
- Alv Erlingsson , Norwegian feudal man and Jarl
- Elisabeth of Cumania , Queen of Hungary (* 1240 )
- Gregory II of Cyprus , Patriarch of Constantinople (* 1241 )
- Johann von Bardewik , Mayor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Jorays , official in the Nubian Empire of Makuria
- Bonagiunta Orbicciani , Italian poet (* 1220 )
- Witiko II , Lord of Krumau
Died around 1290
- Albert II von Störmede , Truchsess of the Lords of Lippe and Marshal of Westphalia