Calendar overview 1317
Peace of Templin after the Margrave War
, the Margraviate of Brandenburg loses its access to the Baltic Sea.
|1317 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||765/766 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||6. Feuerstein - Chicuace Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 5th pipes - Macuilli Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1860/61 (southern Buddhism); 1859/60 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||679/680 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||716/717 (turn of the year March 15th / 16th)|
|Jewish calendar||5077/78 (September 7/8)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1627/28 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1628/29 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1373/74|
Politics and world events
- January 9 : Philip V is his late nephew last year as the successor to John I in the Cathedral of Reims to French crowned king and anointed. He ruled in personal union as Philip II. And the Kingdom of Navarre . The influential Duke Odo IV of Burgundy , however , supports his niece Johanna II , who, as the daughter of the French King Louis X, also claims the throne. For this reason Philip convenes the Estates General for February , an assembly of nobles, prelates and representatives of the city and university of Paris, which recognizes the Lex Salica , according to which women are excluded from the succession to the French throne, as the sole valid successor law.
Holy Roman Empire
- November 25th : In the Peace of Templin after the defeat in the North German Margrave War , the Margraviate of Brandenburg under Margrave Waldemar has to surrender the rule of Stargard to Prince Heinrich II of Mecklenburg and loses its Baltic position to Denmark .
- The high nobility of Bohemia threatens John of Bohemia not only with constant war, but with the election of a Habsburg king. Johann then appointed the Archbishop of Mainz Peter von Aspelt as Captain General of Bohemia.
- November 9th : After Manfred's death in a hunting accident, his younger brother Wilhelm II becomes Duke of Athens . Because of his underage, his older half-brother Alfonso Fadrique rules there as vicar. Like his brother, Wilhelm did not enter his duchy for his entire life.
- After the death of his father Giovanni I. Orsini , Nikola Orsini becomes Count Palatine of Kephalonia . Unlike his predecessors, he wants to take advantage of his family ties to the Angeloi in Epirus and Thomas Angelos , who ruled there , in order to take control there himself as a despot .
First documentary mentions
science and technology
- King's Hall is established as the University of Cambridge's second college . It is set up by King Edward II, on the advice of Archbishop and Lord Chancellor John Hotham , to train clerks for Edward's government.
- The Chinese historian and encyclopedia Ma Duanlin publishes the 348 volume Chinese encyclopedia Wenxian tongkao .
Religion and culture
- Heinrich II. Bochholt becomes Bishop of Lübeck . The election took place without the consent of the Archbishop of Bremen Jens Grand , who had been expelled the previous year , but the dispute between Heinrich's predecessor Burkhard von Serkem , who died on March 13th, with the council of the city of Lübeck was settled. Cardinal Berengar, Bishop of Tusculum , raised on behalf of Pope John XXII. the interdict imposed against the council under Serkem . The border disputes in the area of today's Bad Schwartau near Alt-Lübeck are settled amicably between the cathedral chapter and the council.
- October 1st : Dietrich Wolfhauer is appointed by the Salzburg Archbishop Friedrich III. von Leibnitz appointed Bishop of Lavant . He succeeds Werner , who died on February 6, in this position.
- In the papal bull Quorundam exigit of October 7th, Pope John XXII complains . the "exaggerated zeal for spirituality and asceticism " of some Franciscans as well as the growing radical ideal of poverty and calls on the friars to obedience. With this bull the general end of spirituality is ushered in for the Franciscan order.
- October 25th : After a revision by John XXII. The Clementinae constitutiones , a collection of papal decrees of the Council of Vienne , compiled by his predecessor Clemens V , are published. They form the last main part of the Corpus Iuris Canonici .
- In Mühlhausen , at that time the second largest city in the Landgraviate of Thuringia after Erfurt , the construction of the Gothic St. Mary's Church begins , which is to be equal to the Erfurt Cathedral .
- Weather : Despite slight improvements, the famine (since 1315 ) continues after a long cold winter with lots of snow.
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1317
Date of death secured
- February 6 : Brynolf Algotsson , Bishop of Skara (* around 1240 )
- February 6 : Werner , Bishop of Lavant
- February 7th : Robert of Clermont , ancestor of the royal line of the House of Bourbon (* 1256 )
- March 13 : Burkhard von Serkem , Bishop of Lübeck (* around 1236 )
- March 28 : Walter Maidstone , Bishop of Worcester
- April 6th : Guido III. , Count of St. Pol
- April 20 : Agnes von Montepulciano , mystical and visionary Dominican superior (* 1268 or 1274 )
- April: Johann V , Margrave of Brandenburg (* 1302 )
- May 29th : Guido von Avesnes , Bishop of Utrecht
- June 13 : Jacques de Via , Cardinal of the Roman Church
- June 25th : Heinrich von Harclay , English scholastic and university professor
- August 14 : Bernard de Castanet , Cardinal of the Roman Church (* around 1240 )
- August 23 : Friedrich von Mitterkirchen , Bishop of Seckau (* around 1270 )
- September 21 : Viola Elisabeth von Teschen , wife of the last king of the Premyslid family (* 1290 )
- October 8 : Fushimi , Tennō of Japan (* 1265 )
- November 9th : Manfred , Duke of Athens (* around 1307 )
- November 26th : Rixa von Werle , Duchess of Braunschweig-Lüneburg and Princess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel-Göttingen (* around 1270 )
- December 15 : Maria von Beuthen , Queen of Hungary (* around 1283 )
Exact date of death unknown
- End of 1317: Heinrich von Wacholz , Bishop of Cammin
- Barschanbu , Nubian King of the Empire of Makuria
- Giovanni I. Orsini , Lord of Leukas and Count Palatine of Kefalonia
- Heinrich Kunter , Tyrolean merchant
- Mengrai , King of Lan Na (* 1239 ) alternative date: 1311
- Nitchō , Japanese Buddhist monk (* 1252 )
- Rohese de Clare , English noblewoman (* 1252 )
- Tore Håkonsson , Norwegian baron, chancellor and Sýslumaður
- Robert de Willoughby , English nobleman (* around 1255)
- Irene of Montferrat , Empress of the Byzantine Empire (* 1273 / 74 )