Council of Vienne

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Council of Vienne
October 16, 1311 - May 6, 1312
Accepted by

Roman Catholic Church

Convened by Pope Clement V.

Pope Clement V.

Attendees 20 cardinals , 122 bishops , 38 abbots

Templar order , teachings of Petrus Johannis Olivis , interest payments


Decrees and constitutions

The Council of Vienne took place from October 16, 1311 to May 6, 1312. This was the 15th General Council and was convened by Pope Clement V.

The council decided that the Templars had not been proven the heresy and blasphemy accused of them in the 1307 Templar trial . Nevertheless, just because of the bad reputation of the order, it should be dissolved in order to avert further damage to the church. The Pope transferred the Templars' property to the Order of St. John in other bulls , including Ad providam .

At the request of the Rhenish prelate , the errant Beginism was generally banned and their religious habit was banned under threat of excommunication (Bulle Cum de quibusdam ). The other beguines and Begarden privileges were withdrawn as the preaching law and Beichthörrecht as well as the woman pastoral care ( cura monialium ) prohibited. In the bull Ad nostrum quia , antinomic and autotheistic heresies were condemned, partly on the basis of doctrines that were taken from the mirror of the simple souls of the beguine Margareta Porete . The condemnation and the sentences it contained formed the basis of the persecution of the brothers and sisters of the free spirit in the 14th century.

The council stated that the very claim to charge interest was not forbidden as heresy. Secular rulers who allowed interest to be taken were threatened with excommunication. It was only through this resolution that it was possible to create generally applicable secular law from the previous ecclesiastical requirement of the prohibition of interest.

The bull Super cathedram of Boniface VIII was also renewed. It was ordered that the mendicants each had to deliver a fourth part of their earnings (and their inheritance claims) to the church.

However, these decrees were not published until 1317, as Pope Clement V died shortly after the council.

It was also decided that chairs for Hebrew, Arabic and Chaldean should be set up in the universities of Paris , Oxford , Bologna and Salamanca .


  • Malcolm Charles Barber: Vienne, Council of. In: Theological Real Encyclopedia . 35, 2003, pp. 76-79. (with further reference)
  • Jan Ballweg: Councilors or papal reform of the order. Benedict XII. and the reform discussion in the early 14th century . (= Late Middle Ages and Reformation. NR 17). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2001, ISBN 3-16-147413-9 .
  • Ewald Müller: The Council of Vienne 1311-1312. Its sources and its history . (= Pre-Reformation historical research. 12). Aschendorff, Münster i. W. 1934.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Katja Bauer: The contribution of the Raiffeisen cooperatives to overcoming usury. (= Cooperation and cooperative contributions from the Westphalian Wilhelms University of Münster. Volume 31). Dissertation. Münster 1993, ISBN 3-7923-0660-3 , p. 25.