University of Salamanca

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Universidad de Salamanca
University of Salamanca
founding 1218
Sponsorship state
place Salamanca
country SpainSpain Spain
Rector Ricardo Rivero Ortega
Networks CG , CGU , IAU
University of Salamanca graduate symbol
Facade of the Escuelas Mayores of the University of Salamanca

The University of Salamanca ( Spanish : Universidad de Salamanca ; Latin: Universitas Studii Salamanticensis ) is located in Salamanca and is the oldest university in Spain and one of the oldest universities in Europe.


The university was as a "General School of the kingdom" from Leonese King Alfonso IX. Founded in 1218 so that the inhabitants of the Kingdom of León could study in their kingdom and not have to go to Castile . On May 8, 1254, King Alfonso X regulated its elevation to the rank of university in a charter. At the same time he applied to Pope Alexander IV for general recognition of the academic degrees she had awarded. The head of the church gave his basic approval in a bull of 1255.

Some buildings were built in the Plateresque style . When Columbus asked the Spanish ruling couple Isabella I and Ferdinand II to support his expedition to India, he did so in a lecture to geographers at the University of Salamanca.

By Francisco de Vitoria was from 1526 School of Salamanca founded, the core of the Spanish late scholasticism formed. The students of Vitoria became the founders of modern natural law and classical economics .

At the end of Spain's golden age (1550-1650), the quality of academic education at all Spanish universities declined. The level of professors and students and the reputation of the university fell as a result. In addition to the University of Salamanca, the city has had the Pontifical University of Salamanca since 1940 , where the former faculties of theology and canon law , which were dissolved by the Spanish state in 1852 , were re-established.

University today

Today the university is home to some of the most prestigious research institutes in Europe. In 1989, in collaboration with the University of Cambridge , she developed the Association of Language Testers in Europe (ALTE). At the University of Salamanca, large parts of the exams for the Diplomas de Español como Lengua Extranjera (DELE) are drafted and reviewed.

The University of Salamanca has a partnership with the Ansbach University of Applied Sciences in Germany and the Alpen-Adria University of Klagenfurt in Austria .


See also

Web links

Commons : University of Salamanca  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  2. Member universities. In: Compostela Group of Universities, 2019, accessed on September 16, 2019 .
  3. ^ List of IAU Members. In: International Association of Universities, accessed August 17, 2019 .
  4. Theologische Realenzyklopädie , 2nd Edition, page 703. ISBN 3-11-002218-4 online , accessed on May 7, 2009