Calendar overview 1315
|Swiss defeat in the Battle of Morgarten the Habsburgs under Duke Leopold I.|
|Louis X of France had to make concessions to various aristocratic groups in his country.|
|1315 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||763/764 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4th rabbit - Nahui Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 3rd house - Jei Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1858/59 (southern Buddhism); 1857/58 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||677/678 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||714/715 (turn of the year 6/7 April)|
|Jewish calendar||5075/76 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1625/26 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1626/27 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1371/72|
Politics and world events
- April 26th : King Robert the Bruce opens the first Scottish Parliament in Ayr at the time of the Scottish Wars of Independence .
- Encouraged by their military successes against England , Scottish troops begin an invasion of Ireland .
Holy Roman Empire
- August 29th : The battle of Montecatini takes place at today's Montecatini Terme . Opponents are the cities of Pisa under their Staufer lord Uguccione della Faggiola and Lucca on the one hand and a coalition of the cities of Florence , Siena , Prato , Pistoia , Arezzo , Volterra , San Gimignano and their Neapolitan allies under Philip I of Taranto on the other . Contrary to expectations, Pisa and Lucca remain the winners of the contest. The city of Montecatini, which had previously been under Florentine rule for two years, is besieged and conquered by the Pisans.
- November 15 : The Confederates defeat the Habsburgs under Duke Leopold I in the Battle of Morgarten .
- December 9 : The federation of the original Swiss cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden is renewed in the Bund von Brunnen , with which the formation and growth of the old confederation are further promoted. The first documentary mention of the word "Eidgenoze" occurs in the federal letter of 1315 .
- Emperor Buyantu Khan from the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty tries to reintroduce the Chinese civil servant examination, which was abolished under the Song Dynasty . Buyantu, who despite his Mongolian origins is a representative of Chinese interests at court, wants to give Confucians greater access to the administration, which is often made up of non-Chinese people. He thereby acquired the opposition of the Mongolian party in the Chinese Empire under his nephews Qoshila and Toqa Timur .
- around 1315: After the fall of Bagan , Sagaing becomes the capital of the Shan Kingdom in what is now Myanmar .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Biesenthal in Brandenburg receives city rights.
- Meisenheim am Glan receives city rights.
- First documentary mention of Schönenbuch , a political municipality in the Arlesheim district of the canton of Basel-Landschaft in Switzerland .
- First documentary mention of Traisa , a district of the municipality of Mühltal in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district in Hesse .
- December 22nd : Under the Freising Prince-Bishop Konrad III. The Sendlinger begins the creation of the Konradinische matriculation , which lists the possessions of all prince-bishop's goods with their income. The register serves as the first documentary evidence for most of the churches of the diocese and for many localities and is an important source of medieval research on names and place names.
Culture and society
- The city of Soest commissioned a painter to create the book of the useless . It is intended to make everyone aware of the drastic penalties they face if they fail to comply with the law and order of the Soest city law .
- March 13 : Hermann von Maltzan is elected Bishop of Schwerin to succeed Gottfried I von Bülow, who died the previous year . The confirmation by the responsible Archbishop Jens Grand von Bremen takes place very quickly, but he refuses his ordination as bishop and makes this dependent on the payment of 1000 silver marks on May 22nd . The indebted Hermann von Maltzan refused the excessive monetary claims and referred to himself as Electus et Confirmatus in Episcopum Swerinensis . He is then banned by Jens Grand, but freed from it again on the intervention of Henry the Lion .
- October 24th : Friedrich III. von Leibnitz is unanimously elected Archbishop of Salzburg to succeed the late Weichart von Polheim .
- The conclave on the election of a successor to Clemens V , which broke up in the middle of the previous year without any results, will meet again in Lyon at the invitation of the French Prince Philippe . However, it cannot agree on a candidate by the end of the year. The College of Cardinals consists of three parliamentary groups, the Italians, who want the papacy to return to Rome , and the French, who, like the Gasconians, are in favor of staying in France .
- The Church of St Mary the Virgin is built in Oxford .
- Henry VI. von Hohenberg becomes prince abbot of the imperial abbey of Fulda .
- December 3 : An earthquake causes damage in L'Aquila - the first such catastrophe in the city's documents.
Date of birth saved
- April 5 : Jacob III. , King of Mallorca († 1349 )
- May 20 : Jutta von Luxemburg , Bohemian princess and crown princess of France († 1349 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Albrecht IV , Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg († 1344 )
- Muhammad IV , Emir of Granada († 1333 )
- Wilhelm II , Count von Katzenelnbogen († 1385 )
Born around 1315
- Hafez , Persian poet (died 1390 )
- John Fitzwalter , English nobleman († 1361 )
- Johannes Hiltalingen von Basel , Augustinian and theological writer, Bishop of Lombez († 1392 )
- Simon Langham , English prelate and politician († 1376 )
Date of death secured
- February 13th : John I of Chalon-Arlay , Lord of Arlay
- April 30th : Margaret of Burgundy , Queen of France and Navarre (* around 1290 )
- May 9 : Hugo V , Duke of Burgundy and titular ruler of the Kingdom of Thessaloniki (* 1294 )
- May 10 : Agnes Blannbekin , Austrian Beguine, Franciscan of the Third Order and mystic (* around 1250 )
- May 13 : Adolf VI. , Count in Holstein and in the Schaumburg area (* 1256 )
- June 10 : Heinrich von Bozen , Tyrolean worker, blessed of the Catholic Church and city patron of Bozen (* around 1250 )
- August 12 : Guy de Beauchamp , English magnate (* around 1272 )
- before August 27th: Mesko I , Duke of Ratibor and Duke of Teschen (* between 1252 and 1256)
- August 29 : Pietro Tempesta , Count of Eboli (* 1292 )
- September 13 : Ulrich I. von Colditz , Bishop of Naumburg
- October 6 : Weichart von Polheim , Archbishop of Salzburg (* 1263 )
- December 13 : Gaston I , Count of Foix, Vice Count of Castelbon and Béarn and Co-Lord of Andorra (* 1287 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Edward Burnell , English nobleman (* around 1282 )
- Johann II , Count of Oldenburg
- Robert von Artois , Count Palatine of Burgundy (* 1300 )