Calendar overview 1385
battle of Aljubarrota , Portugal defeated the Castilians under
King John I and thus secured its independence.
|1385 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||833/834 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9. Feuerstein - Chicuhnahui Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th pipes - Chicuei Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1928/29 (southern Buddhism); 1927/28 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||747/748 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||786/787 (New Year 11/12 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5145/46 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1695/96 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1696/97 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1441/42|
Politics and world events
- April 6 : Portuguese Revolution : The Cortes of Coimbra , called up in March to deliberate on the successor to Ferdinand I , who died in 1383 , make a decision: They do not elect Ferdinand's daughter Beatrix , who is married to John I of Castile and León , or Ferdinand's half-brother John of Portugal , who is in Castilian captivity, but the illegitimate half-brother John of Avis to the King of Portugal . Johann I is the first ruler of the Avis family . The Burgundy dynasty is over. John I of Castile then invades Portugal again with French support. John I of Portugal, who was declared regedor e defensor do reino de Portugal ( ruler and defender of the Kingdom of Portugal ) by the Cortes , receives support from the Kingdom of England .
- August 13th : The Castilian army reaches the city of Leiria .
- August 14th : Thanks to the tactical skills of Nuno Álvares Pereira, the Portuguese army, which was inferior in terms of numbers and equipment, decisively defeated John I of Castile and León in the Battle of Aljubarrota , thus securing Portuguese independence for almost 200 years. The Castilian admiral and war hero Juan Fernández de Tovar is killed in the battle.
France / Holy Roman Empire
- April 12 : At the double wedding of Cambrai , Johann Ohnefurcht marries Margarete von Straubing-Holland and his sister Margarete her brother Wilhelm II . The French King Charles VI is among the more than 20,000 invited guests .
- June 28 : Albrecht , the ruling prince of Lüneburg , is killed during the siege of the robber baron's castle in Ricklingen . The Lüneburg War of Succession then flared up again.
- Gian Galeazzo Visconti , co-ruler in the Duchy of Milan , has his uncle Bernabò imprisoned and takes sole power in a coup. On December 19, he had his uncle poisoned in prison.
- December 31 : Charles III. of Naples , with the help of nobles rebelling against the previous Queen Maria , becomes King of Hungary as Charles II .
- The Ottoman Empire defeats the Principality of Albania in the Battle of Savra , Prince Balša II is killed. His brother-in-law Karl Thopia , who asked the Ottomans for help, becomes the new prince.
- Kue Na , 6th king of the Mangrai dynasty of Lan Na in northern Thailand , dies. He will be succeeded by his son Saen Mueang Ma . First he has to fight off his uncle Thao Maha Phrom , who is installed as ruler of Chiang Rai and tries to take the capital Chiang Mai with the help of King Borommaracha I of Ayutthaya .
- March 24th : The Church of St. Martha in Nuremberg is consecrated.
- November 19 : After the death of Mangold von Brandis , Nikolaus von Riesenburg succeeds him as Bishop of Constance . Werner von Rosenegg becomes abbot of the Reichenau monastery .
- The Bohemian King Wenceslas IV commissioned a translation of the Bible , the so-called Wenceslas Bible .
- Manfredo Chiaramonte donates the Baida Monastery .
- The Mosteiro da Batalha is founded.
- The Tibetan Welkhyung Monastery is founded.
Date of birth saved
- May 9 : Johann I , Duke of Alençon and Count of Le Perche († 1415 )
- June 23 : Stefan von Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken , Duke of Pfalz-Simmern-Zweibrücken († 1459 )
- September 17 : Thomas Mowbray , English magnate and rebel († 1405 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Walter Bower , Scottish historian and Abbot of Inchcolm († 1449 )
- Friedrich von Domneck , councilor of the Palatinate, cathedral dean and prince-bishop of Worms († 1445 )
- Jan II of Egmond , regent in the Duchy of Geldern († 1451 )
- Johann I , Duke of Glogau and Duke of Sagan († 1439 )
- Khedrub Je , 3rd Ganden Thripa of the Gelug tradition of Tibetan Buddhism († 1438 )
- Lê Lợi , Emperor of Vietnam († 1433 )
- Wilhelm I of Limburg-Broich , German nobleman († 1459 )
- Antoine de Toulongeon , Burgundian statesman and general († 1432 )
- Thomas Wins , Councilor and Mayor of Berlin († 1465 )
Born around 1385
- Dieter IV. Chamberlain of Worms , German knight, high administrative officer of the Elector of Mainz († 1453 or 1458 )
- Eberhard von Saunsheim , German Master of the Teutonic Order († 1443 )
- Fra Mauro , Venetian monk and cartographer († 1459 )
- Nikolaus von Pelgrims , Bohemian bishop, chronicler and diplomat († 1460 )
- Conrad Heyden , town clerk of Schwäbisch Hall, author of the Klagspiegel († 1444 )
- Şerefeddin Sabuncuoğlu , Ilkhan-Ottoman surgeon and medical writer († 1468 )
Date of death secured
- June 8th : Otto Jäger , Abbot of Ebrach
- June 28th : Albrecht , Prince of Lüneburg
- June 28 : Andronikos IV , Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (* 1348 )
- August 7th : Joan of Kent , English nobleman, wife of the Black Prince (* 1328 )
- August 14th : Juan Alfonso Tello , Lord Mayor of Lisbon, Admiral of Portugal and Count of Barcelós
- August 14 : Juan Fernández de Tovar , Lord of Berlanga and Admiral of Castile (* 1340 )
- September 14th : Munenaga , Japanese prince, Buddhist monk and poet (* 1311 )
- September 18 : Balša II , Prince of Albania
- September 30th : Hartmann Pepersack , Mayor of Lübeck
- November 19 : Mangold von Brandis , Bishop of Constance and Abbot of the Reichenau Monastery
- December 19 : Bernabò Visconti , ruler of Milan (* 1323 )
Exact date of death unknown
- February: Xu Da , Chinese general (* 1332 )
- after May 6th: Meinhard VI. , Count of Gorizia
- before October 23: Wilhelm II , Count von Katzenelnbogen (* 1315 )
- Boresch V. von Riesenburg and Bečov , Bohemian nobleman
- Egino III. , Count of Freiburg
- Robert de Fiennes , Connétable of France (* around 1308 )
- Kue Na , King of Lan Na in Northern Thailand
- Johann Lange , councilor of Lübeck
- Philipp von Rehberg , Bishop of Cammin
- Tidemann Vorrade , councilor of Lübeck
- Wang Meng , Chinese landscape painter (* 1308 )