In Portugal the revolution of 1383 takes place ,
which will bring the House of Avis to the throne with John I.
|1383 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||831/832 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7. Rabbit - Chicome Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 6th house - Chicuace Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1926/27 (southern Buddhism); 1925/26 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||745/746 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||784/785 (turn of the year March 5th / 6th)|
|Jewish calendar||5143/44 (August 28-29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1693/94 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1694/95 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1439/40|
Politics and world events
With the Treaty of Badajoz , the third Ferdinandic War between Portugal and the victorious Castile ends , which has been besieging the Portuguese capital of Lisbon for a year under the leadership of Fernando Sánchez de Tovar . The peace conditions in the treaty, which was negotiated through Juan Fernandez de Andeiro , state that Beatrix , the ten-year-old daughter and sole heir to Ferdinand I of Portugal, with King John I of Castile and León , whom his wife recently died is to be married in return for withdrawing from Portugal. The engagement takes place on May 14th and the wedding on May 17th in Badajoz Cathedral .
Ferdinand I , the last Portuguese ruler of the House of Burgundy, dies on October 22nd . Since he left no male descendants, his widow Leonore Teles de Menezes took over the reign of their 10-year-old daughter Beatrix. In Portugal there is mistrust of a Castilian takeover, even if Johann made a promise of autonomy for the country. Starting with a revolt of the craftsmen's guilds in Lisbon, Leonore Teles de Menezes was overthrown after six weeks in the revolution of 1383 . On December 6 , insurgents led by Johann von Avis , an illegitimate half-brother of the late king, penetrated the palace of the queen widow and murdered her favorite, Andeiro. Leonore has to flee to Alenquer and calls the Castilian king for support. He has the Portuguese infante Johann , who is in exile in Castile, arrested and imprisoned in the Alcazar of Toledo. On December 16, Johann von Avis was proclaimed regent and defender of the fatherland in Lisbon .
Holy Roman Empire
- The Burgdorferkrieg between the city of Bern and Rudolf II , Count von Neu-Kyburg , for supremacy in the Landgraviate of Burgundy breaks out as a result of the Solothurn murder night last year. First, Bern attacks on Kyburg servants in the Emmental and Oberaargau, and at the end of March, Bern starts its main attack on the Kyburg administrative center, castle and town of Burgdorf . The Bernese-Solothurn army with reinforcements from Waldstätten , Lucerne , Zurich , Savoy and Neuchâtel besieged the city for 45 days without success. On April 21 , a ceasefire was agreed.
- April 6th : Antoniotto Adorno drives his successor Nicolò Guarco out of Genoa , but without being elected as his successor as Doge of Genoa . Federico di Pagana ruled for only one day for reasons that are no longer recognizable today and is then inherited by Leonardo Montaldo .
- April 24th : After the death of Heinrich III. his brother Magnus I and his son Albrecht IV become dukes of Mecklenburg .
- Abu Zayyan Muhammad II becomes ruler of the Abdalwadids in North Africa for the third time in a dispute with Abu Hammu II Musa .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Elstra and Hardegsen receive city rights.
- The towns of Beimbach and Lauf are first mentioned in a document.
Date of birth saved
- April 30 : Anne of Gloucester , English noblewoman († 1438 )
- July 1 : Lorenzo Giustiniani , first Patriarch of Venice († 1456 )
- September 4 : Felix V , last Catholic antipope († 1451 )
- October 28 : Johannes Seld de Leubs , Austrian theologian and lawyer
Exact date of birth unknown
- Margaretha von Ahaus , abbess of Freckenhorst Abbey († 1458 )
- Elisabeth , first Electress of Brandenburg and ancestral mother of the Hohenzollern royal family († 1442 )
- Eugene IV , Pope († 1447 )
- Hermann von Cilli , Bishop of Freising and Bishop of Trient († 1421 )
- Johann von Pfalz-Neumarkt , Count Palatine and General in the Hussite Wars († 1443 )
- Jetsün Sherab Sengge , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1445 )
- Lutgert van Buderick , religious sister in the mother house of the Sisters of Life Together († 1453 )
- Masolino da Panicale , Italian painter
January to August
- January 19 : Nicholas Burnell , English nobleman (* around 1323 )
- February 16 : Giovanni da Legnano , Italian lawyer, military theorist and canon lawyer (* around 1320 )
- March 1 : Amadeus VI., The green count , Count of Savoy (* 1334 )
- April 24th : Henry III. , Duke of Mecklenburg (* around 1337 )
- June 15 : John VI. , Byzantine emperor (* before 1293 )
- July 7th : Jacques des Baux , Prince of Taranto and Achaia
- July 22nd : Kunigunde von Sayn , Countess of Westerburg (* 1334 )
- July 27th : Anna of Nuremberg , abbess of the Himmelkron monastery
- August 3rd : Wittekind II of Schalksberg , Bishop of Minden
September to December
- September 12th : Mechthild von dem Berge , abbess at Freckenhorst Abbey
- September 30th or October 1st : Johannes von Sieberg , auxiliary bishop in Cologne
- October 18 : Raban Truchseß von Wilburgstetten , Bishop of Eichstätt (* around 1295 )
- October 22 : Ferdinand I, the Handsome , King of Portugal (* 1345 )
- November 5th : Theodorich von Abensberg , Prince-Bishop of Regensburg
- November 8 : Heinrich von Stöffeln , abbot of the Reichenau monastery (* before 1368)
- November 22nd : Henry III. von Brandis , Abbot of Einsiedeln and Bishop of Constance
- December 6th : Juan Fernandez de Andeiro , nobleman from Galicia (* 1320 )
- December 8th : Wenceslas I , Duke of Luxembourg (* 1337 )
- December 23 : Beatrice de Bourbon , second wife of John of Luxembourg (* before 1320 )
- December 24th : Hugh Dacre , English nobleman and politician (* around 1335 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Spring: Rudolf IV. , Count of Habsburg-Laufenburg, Landgrave in Sisgau and in Klettgau (* around 1322)
- Gabriele Adorno , Doge of the Republic of Genoa (* 1320 )
- Albrecht I , Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen-Salzderhelden (* around 1339 )
- Gebhard XIV. , Lord of the castle of Querfurt (* between 1310 and 1320 )
- Gerhard III. , Earl of Hoya
- Konrad IV of Hanau , prince abbot of Fulda
- Karmapa Rölpe Dorje , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1340 )
- Peter Mauley , English nobleman (* around 1331 )
- Beatrice Mortimer , English nobleman (* between 1315 and 1321)
- Simon de Hesdin , French clergyman and translator
- Tilo von Kulm , Middle High German poet