Oettingen (Franconian-Swabian noble family)

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Family coat of arms of the Counts and Princes of Oettingen

Oettingen is the name of a noble Franconian and Swabian noble family in Riesgau . Already in 1147 it belonged to the counts . The imperial direct county of Oettingen had a share in the electoral vote of the count bank of the Swabian Reichskreis in the Reichstag until 1803 . As ruling counts, the Oettinger belonged to the high nobility . In 1674 the house was first raised to the rank of prince .


Counties of Oettingen-Oettingen, Oettingen-Baldern, Oettingen-Wallerstein and Oettingen-Spielberg

The lineage of the Oettingen traces its ancestry back to the documented Fridericus comes mentioned in 987 and his father Sieghard V. ( Sigehardus comes in pago Riezzin - Sieghard, Count in Riesgau) from the lineage of the Sieghardinger , documented 1007. These are also considered the ancestors of the Hohenstaufen . The family line as Counts of Oettingen begins (documented in 1147) with Ludovicus comes de Otingen, who was given the old Hohenstaufen Gaugrafschaft in Ries as a fief that year , or (documented in 1250) his brother Chuno comes de Othingen . The relationship between the Öttingen and the Hohenstaufen family is also documented by documents, without the exact relationship being made clear. As vassals of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, the people of Öttingen built Steinsberg Castle around 1200 .

From the 12th to the 14th century, the family gained the largest secular territory in East Swabia. The county of Oettingen was around the imperial city of Nördlingen in what is now Bavaria or Baden-Württemberg . At the end of the Old Kingdom in 1806, the area covered around 850 km² and had around 60,000 inhabitants.

In 1418 it was divided, which was followed in 1442 and 1485.

  • Louis XV, the progenitor of both lines, converted to Protestantism

In 1522 the house split into two lines:

  • the evangelical line Oettingen-Oettingen
    • Louis XVI (1508–1569) remained Protestant and founded the line that received seven twelfth of the possessions and died out in 1731
    • Albrecht Ernst I, raised to the rank of prince in 1674
    • Albrecht Ernst II.
  • the Catholic line Oettingen-Wallerstein
    • Friedrich (younger brother of Louis XVI.) Professed Catholicism and founded the Catholic line, which received five twelfth of the possessions.

The Oettingen-Wallerstein line was divided into three lines in 1623/1694:

  • Oettingen-Spielberg, raised to the rank of prince in 1734 - when Oettingen-Oettingen died out in 1731, it received a third of its possessions. Spielberg Castle was owned by the Spielberg Line from 1363 to 1983. Oettingen Castle and Hirschbrunn Castle are owned by the line to this day.
  • Oettingen-Wallerstein, raised to the rank of prince in 1774 - it received two thirds of the possessions of Oettingen-Oettingen in 1731. This line was also owned by the Dagstuhl dominion (now part of Wadern in Saarland), for which it was compensated with church property in Bavaria and Württemberg in 1803 ( Maihingen monastery , owned until 1946, and St. Mang monastery in Füssen, owned until 1839) . To date, the locks are Wallerstein and Baldern , Castle Hohenaltheim and the Castle Harburg owned the line Oettingen-Wallerstein.
  • Oettingen-Baldern, it died out in 1798 and its possessions, including Baldern Castle and Katzenstein Castle , were transferred to the Oettingen-Wallerstein line.

coat of arms

Blazon of the family coat of arms : “ A blue heart shield on a red and gold Eisenhutfeh , everything covered with a continuous silver tray . On the helmet with red and gold covers a growing golden bracken trunk, both of which are red ears covered with the shoulder. "


Ludwig Ernst, Prince of Oettingen-Wallerstein (1791–1870), Bavarian Minister of the Interior and Foreign Minister, Crown Court Master

Castles and Palaces

The following castles and goods are still owned by the family today:



The former possessions include:

Formerly Oettingen-Spielberg

Formerly Oettingen-Wallerstein

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gerhard Köbler : Historical Lexicon of the German Lands. The German territories from the Middle Ages to the present. 7th, completely revised edition. CH Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-54986-1 , p. 490 ( limited preview in the Google book search).
  2. See BSLK , p. 16 and p. 764.
  3. Bertold Picard: In the midst of us the dead prince. Franz Ludwig zu Öttingen-Wallerstein, killed in the Battle of Hanau, buried in Großauheim . In: Hanauer Geschichtsverein 1844 1844 eV: Hanau in the Napoleonic era = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 47. Hanau, undated [approx. 2015]. ISBN 978-3-935395-21-3 , pp. 279-293.


Web links

Commons : Oettingen (Grafen)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files