Prince Eugene of Oettingen-Wallerstein

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Prince Eugen zu Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Wallerstein and his bride Princess Maria zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (1916). Photo by Franz Grainer

Eugen Wolfgang Karl Friedrich Joseph Notger Prince , since 1930: Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Wallerstein (born March 22, 1885 in Prague ; † October 3, 1969 in Hohenaltheim ) was a German politician of the Bavarian Party . He is known under the name Eugen Fürst zu Oettingen-Wallerstein .

Life and work

Eugen zu Oettingen-Wallerstein was born as the eighth of nine children of the married couple Karl Fürst zu Oettingen-Wallerstein and Ernestine Countess Czernin von Chudenitz . Eugen's older brother Karl succeeded his father, who died on December 22, 1905.

After studying law, Eugen zu Oettingen-Wallerstein joined the diplomatic service of the German Empire in 1909 . After legal clerkship and years as an attaché in Petersburg and Paris , he took part in the First World War as a lieutenant with the Uhlans . He was a member of the Bavarian Homeland and Royal Association .

On 3 August 1916 Oettingen-Wallerstein married in Schillingsfürst Maria Anna Princess of Hohenlohe , who bore him four children 1917-1924.

From 1923 to 1930 he was part-time head of the house and farm administration of the former Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria and chairman of the board of directors of the Wittelsbach Compensation Fund . His older brother, Karl Fürst zu Oettingen-Wallerstein, died on May 24, 1930. Eugen became the new head of the Oettingen-Wallerstein family, took over the Wallerstein family estate and has called himself Prince since then . From 1930 to 1933 he was chairman of the Association of Larger Landowners in Bavaria and the Association of Bavarian Forest Owners . In February 1933, in the course of attempts to restore the Bavarian monarchy in order to prevent the National Socialists from taking power , he was sent by Rupprecht to Reich President von Hindenburg , who gave him a cool blow. During the Second World War , Oettingen-Wallerstein worked in the military administration in France until he was recalled for political reasons (1942) and was island commander of Guernsey from 1940 to 1942 . It seems plausible that the Rittmeister (captain) had long been an undesirable person for the Nazis - also because of his role in February 1933. Assigned to the Eastern Front , he had an accident in Dnepropetrovsk and was released from military service at the end of 1942.

Since 1945 he was again chairman of the Association of Larger Property in Bavaria ; He also became chairman of the Association of the Aristocracy in Bavaria and the supervisory board of the Bayerische Vereinsbank and the Bayerische Landwirtschaftsbank .

Political party

Oettingen-Wallerstein was a founding member of the Bavarian Party . In 1950 he was elected its deputy chairman in order to bind the monarchist wing, which was in competition with the Bavarian Home and King Party, and also the large landowners more closely to the party.


On January 8, 1951, Oettingen-Wallerstein succeeded Joseph Baumgartner in the German Bundestag as a member of the Bavarian Party . From December 14, 1951 he was a member of the parliamentary group of the Federal Union , an alliance formed from the Bavarian party and center . On September 1, 1952, he resigned his mandate for health reasons. From January 17, 1951 until he left the Bundestag, he was deputy chairman of the Bundestag committee for burden sharing .

Honorary positions

From 1956 to 1967 Oettingen-Wallerstein was President of the International Club Baden-Baden , which organizes the international horse races in Iffezheim . In the 1960s he was also president of the Munich racing club .


In 1959 he was awarded the Bavarian Order of Merit . The Eugen Fürst zu Oettingen-Wallerstein-Memorial -Galopprennen in Munich is named after him.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Article 109 WRV ( Weimar Constitution of August 11, 1919) stipulates that the privileges or disadvantages under public law of birth or status are to be abolished. Denominations of nobility are only part of the name and may no longer be awarded. In the case of the descendants of the former Princely House of Oettingen-Wallerstein , all family members have since then carried the family name Prinz or Princess zu Oettingen-Wallerstein . In some families of the former nobility it is still customary for the first-born title to be transferred from predecessor to successor in Primogenitur , although this has no legal effect.
  2. Handbook of the German Bundestag , 2nd ed. 1952, p. 318
  3. Volker von Volckamer:  Oettingen, Counts and Princes zu. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , p. 473 ( digitized version ).
  4. Institut d'histoire du temps présent - IHTP: Short biography of Eugen Fürst zu Öttingen-Wallerstein ( Memento from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  5. John Nettles , Hitler's Inselwahn. The British Channel Islands under German occupation 1940–1945 . Osburg Verlag, Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-95510-094-0
  6. a b Web archive of the German Bundestag: The members of the German Bundestag. 1st - 13th electoral term. Complete alphabetical index. Status: February 28, 1998. Entry as Oettingen-Wallerstein, Eugen Fürst zu on p. 157. ( PDF, p. 167 )