|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||123 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||19.92 km 2|
|Residents:||5163 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||259 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||76473|
|Area code :||07229|
|License plate :||RA, bra|
|Community key :||08 2 16 023|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Christian Schmid (independent)|
|Location of the community of Iffezheim in the Rastatt district|
Iffezheim is a municipality in the Rastatt district on the Upper Rhine . Apart from the village of the same name, no other localities belong to the municipality of Iffezheim. It is internationally known for the horse races that take place three times a year .
Iffezheim is located on the right bank of the Rhine in the 30 km wide Upper Rhine Plain , which is bordered on one side by the Black Forest and on the other by the French Vosges . At the Iffezheim barrage on the German side, the Acher flow as a side ditch on the Rhine, and the Sandbach first into an old inlet and then into the Rhine. The Mühlbach, the upper reaches of the Ried Canal, flows through the lower village . The Moder ends on the opposite, French side of the Rhine .
In the immediate vicinity is the district town of Rastatt , whose districts Ottersdorf and Wintersdorf border it, Sandweier , a district of Baden-Baden and the municipality of Hügelsheim . In the west, the district is bounded by the Rhine, which also marks the German-French state border. The next place in Alsace is Neuhaeusel or Roppenheim .
Archaeological finds prove that the Iffezheim district has been settled for thousands of years. The first traces come from Stone Age pits dating from around 2500 BC. Were built.
Further finds from the Bronze and Hallstatt Ages point to a continuous settlement, which can be considered certain from the sixth century onwards after the discovery of a cemetery in 1925. Iffezheim was first mentioned as "Uffinsheim" in 1245 in a deed of donation from the Margraves of Baden . The name, which in the course of time changed to Uffesheim (1457), Uffisheim (1487), Uffentezheim (1512), Iffitzheim (1750), Iffetzheim (1800) and finally from 1850 to Iffezheim, suggests a naming between the 3rd and 7th century. The local people often use the term "Iffze".
The margravial rule of Baden over the village manifested itself in the four large farm estates as well as taxes and compulsory labor: Frohndhof or Herrenhof, Lettfusshof, Zollerhof and Rusthof, whose lease income went into the sovereign's coffers. As in all municipalities along the Rhine, the inhabitants of Iffezheim lived from fishing and shipping on the Rhine in addition to the income from agriculture, which is expressed by anchors and paddles in the centuries-old symbol in the municipality's coat of arms.
In the 14th and 15th centuries, Iffezheim was an important Marian pilgrimage site because "Godd's mother did many miraculous signs there". The pilgrims could count on up to 100 days of indulgence for their visit.
In 1493 Iffezheim was part of the Stollhofen office and formed a political and ecclesiastical community with Sandweier . In 1509 the two parishes were separated, but came back together again in 1634 at the latest. It was not until the margrave had a power word at the beginning of the 18th century that the final, orderly division of the towns and parishes was achieved.
Because of Iffezheim's location in the central Upper Rhine Valley, its population suffered from the European wars of the past centuries. After the Thirty Years' War in 1666 only a third of the pre-war population lived in the destroyed and impoverished village. The village was barely rebuilt in the Palatinate War of Succession by the soldiers of the French general Mélac on 24/25. Burned down August 1689 with the exception of three houses. Subsequent wars no longer brought total destruction, but billeting, cheering and maintenance payments led the village to financial ruin.
The last armed conflict in the Iffezheim district occurred during the suppression of the Baden Revolution on June 30, 1849, when Prussian Uhlans and infantry mercilessly slaughtered a partly unarmed company of the Korker Volkswehr.
On February 28, 1858, Mayor Severin Schäfer signed a lease agreement with Oskar Eduard Bénazet for the “In der Bey” and “Im Waichen” grounds, which were already used for pheasant hunting in Baden-Baden, for the construction of a racecourse. After a race track that had been praised by all sides had been built for 300,000 francs, on September 5, 1858, shortly after two o'clock, the first winner was "Amazone". Since then, the small village on the Rhine has been known worldwide. What was another attraction for the sporting world and the glamorous visitors of the Baden-Baden world spa was a welcome additional source of income for the residents of Iffezheim. Bedrooms and stables were cleared and rented to the racing guests and the four-legged stars. Extra income with which the meager proceeds from agriculture, fishing and handicrafts were improved.
During World War II on St. Nicholas Day 1942, Iffezheim was accidentally attacked by a British bomber pilot . The attack claimed a total of twelve lives, including the one-year-old twins Dieter and Rolf Brümmer and the half-year-old Hedwig Schneider, as well as 27 people, some of whom were seriously injured. Twenty-one buildings were completely destroyed, another 46 were badly damaged and 303 buildings were slightly damaged.
In 1957 the village still had 530 smallholders with a population of 3,000. This changed rapidly in the decades that followed. In 2003, the statistics still counted 6 farms that have specialized primarily in special crops such as asparagus, berries and seeds. With the gravel extraction and artificial stone factory as the nucleus, an industrial area developed east of the village, whose companies, together with the local commercial and craft businesses, now offer 1,600 jobs.
One of the earliest drivers in the region came from Iffezheim. It was the sawmill owner Thomas Schneider .
Schultheiße, bailiffs and mayors
- 1568: Claussen Wendel
- 1574: Jakob Schaf
- 1605–1621: Jakob Pferd
- 1650–1662: Diebold Heitz
- 1666–1672: Jakob Schneider
- 1676–1684: Hans Merkel
- 1691–1727: Ulrich Schneider
- 1729: Lorenz Schäfer
- 1742–1758: Barthel Zimber
- 1759–1777: Hans Adam Schneider
- 1780–1783: Joseph Laubel
- 1783: Barnabas Zimber
- 1792–1794: Joseph Laubel
- 1795–1801: Balthasar Zoller
- 1801–1809: Franz Josef Jakob
- 1809–1832: Matthäus Mungenast
- 1832–1839: Casimir Schäfer
- 1839–1843: Matthäus Mungenast
- 1843–1848: Jakob Keller
- 1849–1852: Franz Huttinger
- 1852–1875: Severin Schäfer
- 1875–1881: Franz Greß
- 1891–1893: Jakob Huber
- 1893–1911: Konrad Mußler
- 1911-1919: Johannes N. Huber
- 1920–1932: Anton Oesterle
- 1932–1939: Friedrich König
- 1939–1945: Heinrich Hertweck
- 1945–1961: Franz Xaver Huber
- 1961–1978: Albin König
- 1978-2002: Otto Himpel
- 2002–2018: Peter Werler, CDU
- since 2018: Christian Schmid
The municipal council in Iffezheim has 14 members. The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following preliminary final result. The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Parties and constituencies||
|FW||Free community of voters||41.7||6th||39.3||6th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||35.7||5||37.6||5|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||22.7||3||23.1||3|
Iffezheim maintains partnership relationships with
coat of arms
Today's coat of arms is documented as early as 1616 and shows an upturned black anchor with a red oar on a white (silver) background. However , it did not become the official seal of the community again until April 1901 at the suggestion of the General State Archives . In between, a so-called " Wolfsangel " was common in the municipal coat of arms.
Economy and Infrastructure
Iffezheim is conveniently located directly on the L 75 (until 2015: B 36 ) and the federal road 500 (the so-called Black Forest High Road to Waldshut ). The federal autobahn 5 can be reached within a few minutes via the Baden-Baden driveway or the Baden-Baden service station.
The Iffezheim barrage (B 500) leads to the D4 department road to Roppenheim to the A35 autoroute . The Rheinbrücke Wintersdorf is another border crossing that is located in the Iffezheim area, but is named after the nearby winter village . There the state road L 78b connects to the Departementsstraße 87.
A transmitter of the Differential Global Positioning System is located on the site of the Iffezheim barrage .
The Iffezheim station was on the Schwarzach – Rastatt railway line . On April 15, 1970 passenger traffic was stopped. The Steinbourg – Rastatt railway is also nearby. The associated section to Wintersdorf has been without passenger traffic since 1950; however, a direct connection by tram to the Karlsruhe transport network is planned in the medium term . The nearest train stations are in Baden-Baden ( ICE / IC ) and Rastatt .
In addition to the main employers in the gravel and concrete industry, numerous other entrepreneurs have settled in the industrial area, including:
- Oberrhein-Handels-Union GmbH & Co.KG
- Kronimus AG, concrete block factory
- Kies und Beton AG
Due to the horse racing track, a training center for horse racing horses and a horse clinic have been established.
Iffezheim has a secondary and secondary school as well as a primary school . The district of Rastatt operates the Astrid Lindgren School, a language therapy school (with a special educational kindergarten ). There are two kindergartens run by the Roman Catholic parish of Iffezheim.
Culture and sights
- In the center of the village is the Catholic parish church Sankt Birgitta, which was built in the so-called Weinbrenner style (following the formal rules of Friedrich Weinbrenner ) in 1830. It was designed by Weinbrenner's student Wilhelm Vierordt. Its special feature is the connection with a previous Gothic building, of which the lower part of the tower and some details have been preserved.
Johann Ferdinand Balthasar Stieffell organ from 1834
- Iffezheim barrage with Iffezheim power station on the Rhine , ship lock and fish ladder . The Iffezheim lock is a double chamber lock with a usable length of 270 m and a width of 24 m. The Iffezheim lock is the last lock in the series of Upper Rhine locks. The Rhine flows freely downstream. With the lock, depending on the free-flowing Rhine, a height of 12.50 m can be overcome. The Iffezheim lock is the busiest inland lock in Germany with an average of 25 million tons of goods and around 30,000 goods ships. It is in operation 24 hours a day and, like that of the entire Rhine, its use is tax-free for shipping. The lock is maintained and operated by the Federal Waterways and Shipping Administration .
International horse races in Iffezheim
Horse races have been taking place on the Iffezheim racecourse since 1858, and from 1873 onwards, organized by the International Club Baden-Baden . Three times a year (until 2003 only twice) thoroughbreds from Europe and some from overseas compete against each other on a total of 15 days of racing . The highlight is the Baden Grand Prix, endowed with € 250,000 . In 2004 the newly built Bénazet grandstand was opened for € 10.2 million . In April 2009 the International Club Baden-Baden filed for bankruptcy. Since June 1, 2010, the racetrack has been operated by Baden-Racing GmbH / Baden-Racing eV.
In honor of St. Birgitta of Sweden , the parish festival takes place every four years around the church square, the next time again in 2019. Furthermore, every five years (again in 2020) the market festival takes place behind the festival hall.
Also worth mentioning are the annual carnival events such as the town hall storm on Dirty Thursday, the large carnival parade on Shrove Sunday and the "Chaisebuckelfest" on Shrove Tuesday.
- Kolping family Iffezheim (ed.): Iffezheim and his story . Horst Dürrschnabel Druckerei und Verlag GmbH, Elchesheim-Illingen 1985.
- Kurt Hochstuhl: Iffezheim. The story of a village on the Rhine . Ed .: Iffezheim community. regional culture, Ubstadt-Weiher 2006, ISBN 3-89735-465-9 .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Benedikt Bauer, The Frauenkloster Lichtenthal: History, Churches and Antiquities , Weber, Baden-Baden, 1896, p. 222, digital version of SU
- Iffezheim-Ried pastoral care unit. Retrieved July 23, 2020 .
- Homepage. Ev. Parish, accessed July 23, 2020 .
- Freiburg Waterways and Shipping Office - The locks ( Memento from December 12, 2013 in the Internet Archive )