Astrid Lindgren

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Astrid Lindgren receiving the Right Livelihood Award , 1994
signature

Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren , née Ericsson (born November 14, 1907 on the Näs farm near Vimmerby , † January 28, 2002 in Stockholm ), was a Swedish writer .

With a total print run of around 165 million books (as of February 2019), she is one of the best-known authors of books for children and young people in the world. Her works have appeared all over the world and in 106 different languages, making her one of the most translated authors.

In Germany, with a total circulation of well over 20 million copies, she is more successful than almost any other children's and young adult book author. The writer is the spiritual mother of Pippi Longstocking , Michel from Lönneberga , Ronja the robber's daughter , Madita , Mio , Kalle Blomquist , Karlsson vom Dach , the children from Bullerbü and many other characters.

Life

childhood

The home of her childhood in Vimmerby

She was the second child of the vicarage leaseholder Samuel August Ericsson (1875–1969) and his wife Hanna Ericsson born. Jonsson (1879–1961) was born and had an older brother, Gunnar (1906–1974), and two younger sisters, Stina (1911–2002) and Ingegerd (1916–1997). She has always described her childhood as particularly happy.

“Gunnar, Astrid, Stina and Ingegerd, that was the name of the Ericssons children on Näs. It was nice to be a child there, and nice to be a child of Samuel August and Hanna. Why was it nice? I've thought about it a lot and I think I know it. We had two things that made our childhood what it was - security and freedom. "

In 1914 Astrid started school in Vimmerby. According to the custom of the times, the actual school days for children of ordinary people were over after only three years. Only rich middle-class children attended secondary school, because they had to pay 23 kroner a half-year. Astrid's friend's parents were able to convince the Ericsson couple that their daughter should go to school. In the following six years, the hardworking and talented student mainly learned languages: English, French and German. In 1923 she graduated from school with a real exam and, at the request of her mother, worked as a house daughter .

Working Life in the 1920s and 1930s, Motherhood and Marriage

One day the editor-in-chief of the local newspaper ("Vimmerby Tidning") offered the young woman to work as a volunteer for the newspaper. Astrid immediately accepted the offer. Every day she cycled from Näs to the nearby small town and learned the journalist trade from scratch. She had to research, proofread and write short reports. During this time, when she was eighteen, she became pregnant. She could not marry the father of her child, the owner and editor-in-chief of the newspaper, Reinhold Blomberg, who was significantly older than she and the father of seven children, even if she had wanted to because he was not yet divorced from his long-time wife. She later turned down his marriage proposal. Astrid Ericsson left Näs and moved to Stockholm. There she trained as a secretary and found support from the lawyer Eva Andén, who campaigned for the rights of young women. On December 4, 1926, she secretly gave birth to her son Lars (called Lasse, died 1986) in Copenhagen . Through the agency of Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, the only Scandinavian clinic that did not pass on official reports of births, he was initially placed with a foster family in Copenhagen for three years. Her desperate empathy with her little abandoned son was just as important a writing inspiration for Astrid Ericsson as her own happy childhood, said her friend and biographer Margareta Strömstedt .

In 1927 Astrid Ericsson took up her first position in Stockholm in the Swedish book trade center ("Svenska Bokhandelscentralen") as the successor to Zarah Leander, who later became known as an actress and singer . In 1928 she became secretary in the "Royal Automobile Club" (" Kungliga Automobile Club "), where her future husband Sture Lindgren worked as an office manager. He was an alcoholic and died in his mid-50s, making Astrid Lindgren a widow very early.

Private in the 1930s

In 1930 Lasse's foster mother fell ill, whereupon Astrid Ericsson brought him to Stockholm. The following spring she took him to her parents' house in Näs, and she and Sture Lindgren decided to get married. The young secretary moved with him and her son to Vulcanusgatan in the Vasaviertel ( Vasastaden ) in Stockholm. On May 21, 1934, their daughter Karin was born, later known as Karin Nyman as a translator.

Working life 1937 to 1945

From 1937 Lindgren worked as a stenographer for the Swedish professor of criminology , Harry Söderman , and from 1940 in the department for letter censorship of the Swedish intelligence service . On September 1, 1939 - the day the Second World War began with the German invasion of Poland - she began to write “war diaries”. Her secret work in the intelligence service until the end of the war gave her deep insights into war events around the world.

Writer and editor

In 1933 Astrid Lindgren published two Christmas stories - anonymously in Stockholms Tidningen the story “ Jultomtens underbara bildradio ” and under her name in Landsbygdens Jul the story “ Johan's Adventures on Christmas Eve ” ( Johans äventyr på julafton ). In the following years she published one or two short stories in magazines every year.

Astrid Lindgren published her first book, entitled Fem automobilturer i Sverige , in 1939 as part of her work at the Motormännens Riksförbund (German Reich Association of Motorists ). It was a travel book about five car tours through Sweden. These reports were republished in 1949 in the book 25 bilturer i Sverige . However, Lindgren had added twenty additional tours to the book. This book was both German ( 25 car trips in Sweden , also 25 car trips in Sweden ) and English ( 25 automobile tours in Sweden translated).

It was not until the mid-1940s that Astrid Lindgren turned increasingly to writing. This happened more by chance. Originally, she never intended to become a writer.

"Already in my school days there were warning voices: 'You'll be a writer when you grow up.' [...] I was so shocked that I made a formal decision: I would never write a book. [...] I did not consider myself called to let the pile of books grow even higher. "

Astrid Lindgren invented the stories about Pippi Longstocking for her daughter Karin. This happened from the winter of 1941, when the daughter was sick in bed and came up with the name Pippi Longstocking. The manuscript was a birthday present for Karin.

“But then came this snow that made the streets slippery like soft soap. I fell, sprained my ankle, had to lie down and had nothing to do. What do you do there. Maybe write a book. I wrote to Pippi Longstocking. […] In 1941 my daughter Karin was sick in bed and one evening she said: 'Tell me something about Pippi Longstocking.' "

In March 1944, Lindgren submitted a copy to the Swedish publishing house " Albert Bonniers Förlag ". This story about the cheeky seaman's daughter Pippi Longstocking was rejected. In 1944 she also took part in a competition organized by the Rabén & Sjögren publishing house. The competition for the best girl's book was linked to the demand that the text should promote love for family and home as well as a sense of responsibility towards the opposite sex. Astrid Lindgren wrote " Britt-Mari relieves her heart ", which won second place in the competition. The 15-year-old author of the book eases her heart in the form of a letter novel. She is remarkably self-sufficient and independent - also and especially towards the opposite sex.

Inspired by the first success, the winner submitted the revised manuscript by Pippi Longstocking to "Rabén & Sjögren" the following year and this time received the first prize. The very first Pippi drawing came from the author personally. In the same year, the publisher hired Hans Rabén Lindgren as a part-time editor. She built up the children's book department and worked at the publishing house until she retired in 1970. Since then, her daily routine has been such that she wrote her own books early in the morning while still in bed. Shortly before 1 p.m. she came to the publishing house and had conversations in person and on the phone with “authors, editors, reviewers, translators, illustrators, proofreaders, typesetters and booksellers”. In the evenings she read manuscripts submitted at home and new foreign publications. The first Swedish Pippi Longstocking edition was illustrated by the Danish artist Ingrid Vang Nyman . Astrid Lindgren's debut work was published in Germany in autumn 1949 after the writer met the Hamburg publisher Friedrich Oetinger . The German editions of her works are still published by Friedrich Oetinger Verlag today . The first German Pippi Longstocking was illustrated by Walter Scharnweber . The young readers liked the unconventional behavior of Pippi Longstocking: Like no other figure, this red-haired girl embodies Lindgren's type of active, self-confident, self-determined, creative and shrewd child. Pippi Longstocking's elevator alone can be interpreted as a parody of the stereotypes of the girls' or backfish books of the time. Pippi Longstocking is Lindgren's most popular book, it has been translated into 70 languages.

Oetinger published Pippi Longstocking in the Federal Republic of Germany , although the book was still highly controversial even in Sweden at the time and had previously been rejected by five other German publishers. Since he later published all of Lindgren's other works, his publishing house became a pioneer of Scandinavian children's literature in the Federal Republic of Germany. His daughter Silke Weitendorf reported in an interview that there was praise and criticism in response to Pippi Longstocking's appearance on the German market. Reviewers have expressed concerns that Pippi is not "normal" and a bad role model for children.

The political leadership in East Germany was suspicious of Lindgren's characters, but four of her children's books were published in the GDR . All published by Kinderbuchverlag Berlin. Mio, mein Mio was published in 1960, Lillebror and Karlsson vom Dach in 1971, Pippi Longstocking in 1975 and Ronja the robber's daughter in 1988. The layout of these printed products was kept very simple and in some cases only paperback and with East German illustrations. As far as is known, there was only a first edition.

Astrid Lindgren preferred to put her works on paper first in shorthand, so that they were completely available on shorthand pads before they were typed out. She wrote shorthand in bed or in summer on the balcony of her holiday home, a former pilot house on Furusund near Stockholm, which she had taken over from her in-laws in 1947. In doing so, she changed the individual sentences very often until she was finally satisfied with the speech melody . For a long time she did the typing herself, and there were no more corrections during the transcription phase. Since having an eye operation in 1986, she had to use felt-tip pens to write shorthand so she could read her writing.

In 1974 the Swedish television nation was amused by her when she competed with her friend Elsa Olenius on her 80th birthday . After all, there is “no ban on old women from climbing trees”. The list of film adaptations of her books includes (between 1947 and 2007) seventy titles; However, Lindgren always retained control and marketing rights over the films.

Astrid Lindgren's apartment in Stockholm (1941–2002), Dalagatan 46

Astrid Lindgren lived at Dalagatan 46 in the Vasaviertel in Stockholm from 1941 until her death. Her house now bears the sign: Astrid Lindgren's Hem 1941–2002 . In 1965 she received the Swedish State Prize for Literature and in the same year bought her birthplace in Näs. In Germany alone, 90 schools bear the name of the well-known Swede who has actively campaigned for human rights throughout her life , especially children's rights and animal welfare . She was also critical of the increasing propensity for violence among children and young people. In 1995 the Swedish daily Expressen published an article in which Astrid Lindgren was shown together with the skinhead Niklas S., with whom she was looking for a conversation.

Friendships

Astrid Lindgren cultivated a large number of close friendships throughout her life that lasted for decades. She wrote and received countless letters from her friends, who, along with her diaries, are the most important sources for her life. She met Elsa Olenius in 1944 at the Rabén & Sjögren publishing house. Olenius also ran a children's theater and was friends with the only two major reviewers of children's literature in Sweden, Eva von Zweigbergk and Greta Bolin . Olenius, von Zweigbergk and Bolin also formed the juries for all of the country's important children's prizes. Lindgren was strongly encouraged by the three friends in the beginning and later became a close friend herself.

But friendship could also develop from contact with young readers. In 1971 the then twelve-year-old Sara Ljungcrantz wrote her a letter, which resulted in an exchange of letters that lasted until 2002, which was published in 2012 as a book - I'll put your letters under the mattress .

Since 1953, Lindgren was friends with the German Louise Hartung , who worked for the youth welfare office in West Berlin. From the letters, which both wrote until Hartung's death in 1965, it emerges that the two cultivated a close, intellectually stimulating and loving friendship, Hartung also wanted to enter into a sexual relationship with Lindgren, which Lindgren was not ready for. A selection of the letters were found in the book I Lived Too! released.

Also in the 1950s, the tradition of “women's lunches” arose, at which Lindgren met up with friends from the literary industry for dinner. Her sisters Ingegerd and Stina were guests there again and again, and her biographer Margareta Strömstedt had also been part of the group since the 1970s .

Political activity and influence on Swedish domestic politics

In 1973 the Lionheart Brothers became the subject of a debate in the Swedish Parliament, as the "legend of death and nothing but death" contained therein allegedly glorified suicide . Lindgren was a member of the association “The Right to Our Death”, which campaigns for the right to a dignified death, in particular to end one's own life in the event of an incurable disease.

Lindgren campaigned widely for children's and animal rights . A law passed in Sweden in 1988 on animal rights controls in factory farming is also attributed to their influence . She also turned against the system of racial segregation in the USA with the book Kati in Amerika (1950). She was also a member of the Swedish Social Democrats since the 1930s . However, a break with the Social Democratic government (not the party) occurred in 1976. A mistake in Swedish tax law resulted in the self-employed (like Lindgren) having to pay taxes both as employees and as self-employed. As a result, the marginal tax rate rose to slightly over 100 percent with a correspondingly high annual income, added together with other taxes. Lindgren, who otherwise supported the tax system, then the other hand, wrote a protest in the Expressen article Pomperipossa in Monismania . Finance Minister Gunnar Sträng reacted defensively and only later admitted the mistake. Astrid Lindgren then called for the strengthening of democracy, although a member of the Social Democrats, to be voted out of office. The Social Democrats had been in government too long and thus became less democratic. Her appeal was then used by the Folkpartiet party for election campaign purposes, from which it distanced itself significantly. In the next election, the social democratic government, then under Olof Palme , was voted out after more than 40 years. Lindgren's protest is seen as a major cause of this.

Awards ceremonies

In 1978 Lindgren was the first children's book author to be awarded the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade . On the occasion of the award she gave a speech under the motto “ Never violence! “In the Paulskirche in Frankfurt , where she urged the non-violent upbringing of children.

On December 9, 1994, she received the Right Livelihood Award (“Alternative Nobel Prize”) in the Stockholm Parliament “for her unique literary work, which she dedicates to the rights of children and the respect for their individuality”.

In 1996, Lindgren was awarded the “Golden Ark” by the umbrella organization of European animal welfare associations for her tireless fight for better animal welfare law in her country.

Astrid Lindgren kept her youthful humor into old age. This was also evident at the 1997 Swedish award ceremony . She turned to the audience with the following comment: “You are giving the award to a person who is ancient, half blind, half deaf and totally insane. We have to be careful that word doesn't get around. "

death

Your gravestone with your signature.

Astrid Lindgren died on January 28, 2002 of complications from a virus infection at the age of 94 in her Stockholm apartment Dalagatan 46, where she had lived for over 60 years. At the memorial ceremony on March 8, 2002 in Stockholm's Storkyrkan , hundreds of thousands of people took part in the streets , along with the royal family and the prime minister . Behind her coffin, which was on a catafalk , walked a girl and a white horse. She found her final resting place in Vimmerby in Småland in southern Sweden .

Astrid Lindgren Museum

Astrid Lindgren wrote about her work:

"The only thing I have managed to achieve here on earth are a lot of ideas, and it is a mystery to me how one can live and almost die so incessantly with loud, sometimes quite eccentric ideas."

Awards (selection)

Rose Astrid Lindgren (bred 1989)
Astrid Lindgren, behind her in the window Ingmar Bergman , in the Filmstaden in Solna
Bronze seat image in Stockholm
... at her desk in Vimmerby

In the course of her life the author has received awards and honors from a wide variety of institutions.

General awards

Awards for individual works

Afterlife

Astrid Lindgren Archive

After Astrid Lindgren's death, her immense private archive, including thousands of letters from children all over the world, but also from children's book authors such as Otfried Preußler , James Krüss and Erich Kästner , came to the Royal Library in Stockholm. The Astrid Lindgren Archive is part of the world document heritage .

Astrid Lindgren Awards

The Swedish government has awarded the Astrid Lindgren Memorial Prize annually since 2002, which at five million SEK (around 560,000 euros) is the world's most valuable prize for children's and young adult literature.

In memory of the author, a Swedish and a German Astrid Lindgren Prize as well as the Samfundet De Nios Astrid Lindgren pris of the Swedish Academy of Literature Samfundet De Nio were donated.

Astrid Lindgren's World

In Vimmerby be the theme park Astrid Lindgren's World (: German The World of Astrid Lindgren ) scenes from her children's books copied. Astrid Lindgren's stories are staged on seven stages spread across the extensive park. The Villa Kunterbunt by Pippi Longstocking is one of the seven venues. In 2014, almost half a million people visited the park, around a third of them from Germany.

Astrid Lindgren's apartment

Astrid Lindgren's apartment at Dalagatan 46 has been open to the public since November 2015. The apartment is still in its original condition, viewing is possible in groups who have to book their visit in advance.

Documentaries

  • Astrid Lindgren tells from her life , Swedish documentary from 1990, in which Lindgren tells about her own life.
  • Astrid Lindgren. (OT: Astrid - en berättelse. [Astrid - a story.]) Documentary in three parts, 60 minutes each (1. Sorgfågel [mourning bird], 2. Starkast i världen [strongest in the world], 3. Allas mor [mother von Allen]), Sweden, 2014, German version: 52 min. The film shows the influence of stressful events in Astrid Lindgren's life on her work, and aims to provide a different view of the author.

Motion picture

On December 6, 2018, the film Astrid , a film biography , started in Germany , which focuses in particular on the chapter about her first pregnancy and her son Lasse. Lindgren is portrayed by Alba August in her younger years .

Further honors

  • In April 1966 the first school in Berlin-Spandau was named after her. Today more than 150 schools bear her name, just as many streets.
  • Astrid Lindgren is the namesake of the Swedish research satellites Astrid 1 and Astrid 2 .
  • An asteroid in the main outer belt was named after her, (3204) Lindgren , and a caldera in the northern hemisphere of the planet Venus , Lindgren Patera .
  • For her hundredth birthday in 2007, an “Astrid Lindgren Year” was held.
  • Astrid Lindgren has been featured on a new 20 kroner banknote in Sweden since October 2015.
It was important to the advisory board of the Swedish Riksbank (Sveriges Riksbank) that Astrid Lindgren's portrait has a low face value so that as many children as possible can pay with it.

Works (selection)

Youth literature

The German translations are by Anna-Liese Kornitzky , Karl Kurt Peters , Senta Kapoun , Thyra Dohrenburg , Cäcilie Heinig (Pippi Longstocking) and Else von Hollander-Lossow .

  • Britt-Mari relieves her heart ( Britt-Mari lättar sitt hjärta , 1944, German 1954)
  • Kerstin and I ( Kerstin och jag , 1945, German 1953)
  • Pippi Longstocking :
    • Pippi Longstocking ( Pippi Långstrump , 1945, German 1949)
    • Pippi Longstocking goes on board ( Pippi Långstrump går ombord , 1946, German 1950)
    • Pippi in Taka-Tuka-Land ( Pippi Långstrump i Söderhavet , 1948, German 1951)
  • Kalle Blomquist :
    • Master detective Blomquist ( master detective Blomkvist , 1946, German 1950)
    • Kalle Blomquist lives dangerously ( Mästerdetektiven Blomkvist lever farligt , 1951, German 1951)
    • Kalle Blomquist, Eva-Lotte and Rasmus ( Kalle Blomkvist och Rasmus , 1953, German 1954)
  • No, I don't want to go to bed yet! ( Jag vill inte gå och lägga mig!, 1947, German 1989)
  • Bullerbü :
    • We children from Bullerbü ( Alla vi barn i Bullerbyn , 1947, German 1955)
    • More of us children in Bullerbü ( Mera om oss barn i Bullerbyn , 1949, German 1955)
    • Always funny in Bullerbü ( Bara roligt i Bullerbyn , 1952, German 1956)
    • Christmas in Bullerbü ( Jul i Bullerbyn , 1962, German 1963)
    • Lustiges Bullerbü ( Vår i Bullerbyn , 1965, German 1965)
    • Children's Day in Bullerbü ( Barnens dag i Bullerbyn , 1966, German 1967)
  • Kati :
    • Kati in Amerika ( Kati i Amerika , 1950, German 1952)
    • Kati in Italy ( Kati på Kaptensgatan , 1952, German 1953)
    • Kati in Paris ( Kati i Paris , 1954, German 1954)
  • When the Bäckhult farmer drove into town (1951, German 1983 under the title "A calf falls from heaven", 1990 German new edition under the title "When the Bäckhult farmer went into town")
  • Peter and Lena
  • Mio, mein Mio ( Mio, min Mio , 1954, German 1955)
  • Karlsson from the roof :
    • Karlsson vom Dach ( Lillebror och Karlsson på taket , 1955, German 1956)
    • Karlsson flies again ( Karlsson på taket flyger igen , 1962, German 1962)
    • The best Karlsson in the world ( Karlsson på taket smyger igen , 1968, German 1968)
  • Nils Karlsson-Däumling ( Nils Karlsson-Pyssling flyttar in , 1956, German 1957)
  • Children of our earth (together with Anna Riwkin-Brick ):
  • Rasmus and the Tramp ( Rasmus på luffen , 1956, German 1957), filmed as Rasmus and the Vagabond ( 1955 and 1981 )
  • Rasmus, Pontus and the Sword Swallower ( Rasmus, Pontus och Toker , 1957, German 1958)
  • Polly helps the grandmother ( Kajsa Kavat hjälper mormor , 1958, German 1959)
  • Lotta and her siblings from Krachmacherstraße :
    • The children from Noisemaker Street ( Barnen på Bråkmakargatan , 1958, German 1958)
    • Lotta is moving ( Lotta på Bråkmakargatan , 1961, German 1962)
    • Sure , Lotta can cycle ( Visst kan Lotta cykla , 1971, German 1972)
    • Lotta can do almost anything ( Visst kan Lotta Nästan allting , 1977, German 1977)
    • Of course Lotta is a happy child ( Visst är Lotta en glad unge , 1990, German 1991)
  • Tomte Tummetott , translated by Silke von Hacht:
    • Tomte Tummetott ( Tomten , 1960, German 1960), with pictures by Harald Wiberg
    • Tomte and the Fox ( Räven och Tomten , 1966, German 1966), with pictures by Harald Wiberg
    • Tomte Tummetot , Oetinger, Hamburg 2014 ( Tomte är vaken , 2012), with pictures by Kitty Crowther
  • Madita :
    • Madita ( Madicken , 1960, German 1961)
    • Madita and Pims ( Madicken och Junibackens Pims , 1976, German 1976)
    • Look, Madita, it's snowing ( Titta, Madicken, det snöar!, 1983, German 1984)
    • When Lisabet put a pea in her nose ( När Lisabet pillade in en ärta i näsan , 1991, German 1992)
    • How good that there is Christmas vacation , said Madita ( Jullov är ett bra påhitt, sa Madicken , 1993, 1994)
  • Christmas in the stable ( Jul i stallet , 1961, German 1961)
  • Michel from Lönneberga :
    • Michel in the soup bowl ( Emil i Lönneberga , 1963, German 1964)
    • Michel has to make more males ( Nya hyss av Emil i Lönneberga , 1966, German 1966)
    • Michel puts the world in order ( Än lever Emil i Lönneberga , 1970, German 1970)
    • When Little Ida also wanted to do mischief once ( När lilla Ida skulle göra hyss , 1984, German 1986)
    • Michels nonsense number 325 ( Emils hyss nr 325 , 1985, German 1986)
    • Just don't skimp, said Michel from Lönneberga ( Inget knussel, see Emil i Lönneberga , 1986, German 1987)
  • Holidays on Saltkrokan ( Vi på Saltkråkan , 1964, German 1965)
  • Jule and the pirates ( Skrållan och sjörövarna , 1967, German 1967)
  • The Lionheart Brothers ( Bröderna Lejonhjärta , 1973, German 1974)
  • The vanished land ( Samuel August från Sevedstorp och Hanna i Hult , 1975, German 1977) dedicated to her parents
  • Ronja the robber's daughter ( Ronja rövardotter , 1981, German 1982)
  • Pelle moves out and other Christmas stories (Julberättelser, 1985, German 1985)
  • The dragon with the red eyes ( Draken med de röda ögonen , 1985, German 1986)
  • Rupp Rüpel: the most gruesome ghost from Småland ( Skinn Skerping - Hemskast av alla spöken i Småland , 1986, German 1987)
  • The robber Assar Bubbla ( Assar Bubbla , 1987, German 1988)

Fairy tale collections

Plays

In addition to her novels, short stories and picture books, Astrid Lindgren also wrote several plays. Many of the plays were created in the 1940s and 1950s in collaboration with her friend Elsa Olenius , a pioneer in children's theater. Many of the stories were written exclusively for the theater. They have been translated into several languages ​​including Danish, Finnish and Romanian. Most of Astrid Lindgren's plays have not been translated into German.

Autobiographical

Film adaptations (selection)

Kalle Blomquist

Pippi Longstocking

Rasmus and the tramp

We children from Bullerbü

Holidays on Saltkrokan

Michel from Lönneberga

Karlsson from the roof

Further

literature

See also

Web links

Commons : Astrid Lindgren  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Lindgren's works
About Astrid Lindgren
photos

Individual evidence

  1. Frequently asked questions and answers FAQ on the official Astrid Lindgren page astridlindgren.com accessed on February 5, 2019
  2. UNESCO Index translationum: 18th place in February 2019 (unesco.org)
  3. Astrid Lindgren's works are translated into 106 different languages. FAQ on Astrid Lindgren's official page astridlindgren.com accessed on February 5, 2019
  4. ^ Astrid Lindgren: The disappeared land , translated from Swedish by Anna-Liese Kornitzky , Hamburg 1977, ISBN 3-7891-1940-7 , p. 33 f.
  5. https://www.astridlindgren.com/de/-astrid-lindgren/jugend , accessed on October 29, 2020.
  6. Let. Accessed October 31, 2020 .
  7. { "Because of Dad": News about Lindgren's Son , n-tv, December 6, 2007
  8. https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/astrid-lindgren-und-der-tod-dieser-tag-ein-leben.1124.de.html?dram:article_id=399874 , accessed on October 29, 2020.
  9. ^ Astrid Lindgren's liv. In: SVT (Swedish).
  10. ^ Diary: Astrid Lindgren's other side In: NDR , May 19, 2015.
  11. Timeline. In: astridlindgren.se (German).
  12. www.astrid-lindgren.de → Kunterbunt collected → Timeline. In: Friedrich Oetinger Verlag .
  13. Astrids första bok. February 9, 2002, accessed November 16, 2019 .
  14. a b The vanished land . P. 74
  15. Sonja Esmailzadeh: Astrid Lindgren's daughter about her mother: “She wasn't just a pacifist” . In: The daily newspaper: taz . March 21, 2016, ISSN  0931-9085 ( taz.de [accessed October 31, 2020]).
  16. Jens Andersen: Astrid Lindgren (translation from Danish: Ulrich Sonnenberg). Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04703-8 , p. 289
  17. astridlindgren.se: Lindgren's books in the world , Booth 2015
  18. ^ Astrid Herbold: Astrid Lindgren's books were sold under the counter. In: Berliner Morgenpost , September 26, 2009, conversation with Oetinger publisher Silke Weitendorf.
  19. after Sybil Countess Schönfeldt : Astrid Lindgren , pp. 58/59 and 100/101
  20. Astrid Lindgren climbs a tree - Ulrike Draesner. Retrieved November 26, 2020 (German). However, Olenius' 80th birthday was in 1976.
  21. See also the photo series of the SZ: Astrid Lindgren in Pictures - Show what love is. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , November 13, 2007.
  22. Jens Andersen : Astrid Lindgren (translation from Danish: Ulrich Sonnenberg). Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04703-8 , pp. 195, 208, 212.
  23. ^ Jens Andersen: Astrid Lindgren (translation from Danish: Ulrich Sonnenberg). Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04703-8 , p. 14 ff.
  24. ^ Jens Andersen: Astrid Lindgren (translation from Danish: Ulrich Sonnenberg). Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04703-8 , pp. 263 ff, 274-278.
  25. ^ Jens Andersen: Astrid Lindgren (translation from Danish: Ulrich Sonnenberg). Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt 2015, ISBN 978-3-421-04703-8 , p. 300.
  26. a b c Right Livelihood Award : Astrid Lindgren, Honorary Award (1994) ( Memento from June 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  27. ^ Text by Pomperipossa in Monismanien. In: astrid-lindgren.de
  28. Pomperipossa. In: astrid-lindgren.de
  29. Astrid Lindgren: “Never violence!” (PDF) , accessed on April 8, 2017, speech on the award of the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade 1978 in the Paulskirche in Frankfurt.
  30. Astrid Lindgren: Animal husbandry: pigs without tails. Consumers should go on a buying strike and reject inferior meat from factory farming. In: Spiegel special , January 1, 1997, No. 1, p. 121.
  31. Roswitha Budeus-Budde: “They can all laugh there” - for Astrid Lindgren's 100th birthday. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , June 14, 2014, accessed on May 28, 2015.
  32. knerger.de: Astrid Lindgren's grave
  33. The Vanished Land , p. 95
  34. ^ 1978 Astrid Lindgren. In: Peace Prize of the German Book Trade , accessed on May 28, 2015, (PDF file, 16 pages, 189 kB).
  35. CV on astrid-lindgren.de .
  36. ↑ Record number of visitors in Astrid Lindgren's world. In: Reisen Exclusiv , November 7, 2014, accessed May 28, 2015.
  37. ^ Astrid Lindgren's apartment
  38. Script and direction: Kristina Lindström, production: DR , NRK , svt , yle , RÚV , music: Georg Riedel , Siri Karlsson, first broadcasts: 25th, 28th December 2014, 1st January 2015 on SVT1 , German first broadcast: 24th May 2015 at arte , table of contents ( Memento from May 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) by arte.
  39. ^ Liv Heidbüchel: Astrid Lindgren: more than just dear fairy tale aunt. In: Radio Sweden , December 15, 2014.
  40. The girl Astrid Lindgren. In: tagesspiegel.de. Retrieved February 26, 2018 .
  41. April 18, 1966 - Inauguration of the Astrid Lindgren Primary School on lindgrenschule.de
  42. Frank Stocker: Swedes will soon be able to pay with Pippi Longstocking. In: Die Welt , September 14, 2013.
  43. Liv Heidbüchel, Göran Löwing: Reichsbank printing fresh motives. Astrid Lindgren adorns a new 20-crown note. In: Radio Sweden , June 14, 2014, picture .
  44. Tonia Tünuchten-Hendricks: Books by Astrid Lindgren. Retrieved July 10, 2018 .
  45. Children's books by Astrid Lindgren. Retrieved July 10, 2018 .
  46. ^ Andreas Platthaus : The revision of the old gnome Tomte Tummetott. In: FAZ , December 24, 2014, p. 14, click on the Reviews tab .
  47. ^ DLF (Deutschlandfunk) book market. From literary life. The book of the week of December 20, 2015