Black Forest High Road

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Black Forest High Road at Mummelsee. On the horizon the Vosges, in front of it the Rhine Valley in the fog.
View from the Black Forest High Road to the Rhine plain
The Mummelsee
Lift operation on the Seibelseckle ski slope between Mummelsee and Ruhestein

The Black Forest High Road is one of the oldest and most famous holiday routes in Germany . It is a 60 km long part of the federal highway 500 .


The Black Forest High Road begins in Baden-Baden and initially climbs steeply to the main ridge of the northern Black Forest , which it reaches at the Bühlerhöhe. This is where the luxury hotel of the same name is located , which has been closed since 2010. On a rock there is a small St. Mary's Church, popularly called Adenauerkapelle, with beautiful glass windows. When the weather is clear, you have a comprehensive view over the Rhine plain to the Vosges .

From the Bühlerhöhe, the Hochstraße runs at 800 to over 1000 meters above sea ​​level past several high-altitude hotels (Plättig, Sand, Hundseck - demolished in 2012, Unterstmatt, Mummelsee, Ruhestein, Schliffkopf, Zuflucht, Alexanderschanze), of which only a few are still in operation. At Sand am Mehliskopf , in addition to one of several ski slopes along the Black Forest High Road, an all-weather toboggan run is operated all year round. The junction to the nearby Schwarzenbachtalsperre and the Herrenwies cross-country skiing center is also located here .

More ski lifts and restaurants will follow near Hundseck and Unterstmatt .

Below the highest mountain in the Black Forest, the 1,164 meter high Hornisgrinde , the road reaches the almost circular Mummelsee , one created in the last ice age Karsee .

The administration of the Black Forest National Park , which the Black Forest High Road accompanies and crosses over long distances, is located in the nature conservation center at Ruhestein . In addition to ski lifts and cross-country trails, there is a ski jumping hill on the Ruhestein . West of Ruhestein, the only via ferrata in the Northern Black Forest leads over the Karlsruhe ridge . A few kilometers further south on the road is the Lothar path , which demonstrates the consequences of hurricane Lothar .

Over the ridges of the Schliffkopf and the Kniebis , past the refuge and the Alexanderschanze , the road finally leads to Freudenstadt , where it ends.


The name Black Forest High Road was first used in 1930 when the road between Hundseck and Unterstmatt was completed, which connected older roads from different valleys to the highlands. The purpose of the construction was to make the already existing high-altitude hotels more accessible for the emerging auto tourism. Further expansions during the National Socialist era were of strategic military importance, in particular the unfinished construction of the section between Ruhestein and Alexanderschanze through a nature reserve between 1938 and 1941. It was not until 1952 that the stretch from Baden-Baden to Freudenstadt was completely passable.

Not only the Schlosshotel Bühlerhöhe , but also other restaurants, such as the Hundseck or the Kurhaus Sand, have been closed for years. Therefore, at the beginning of 2017 a plan was presented on behalf of the city and rural districts of Baden-Baden, Freudenstadt, Ortenaukreis and Rastatt, which should make the Black Forest High Road more attractive as a tourist destination again. It provides more comfort for day visitors, offers for e-mobility and new accommodation options for families and hikers.


  • Ernst Kafka, Wolfgang Schlund: The Black Forest High Road - history and stories. PK-Verlag, Freiamt 2007, ISBN 978-3-9810385-1-4 .
  • Roland Seiter: Experience the Black Forest High Road ... in grandfather's time ... using historical postcards. Regional culture publisher, Ubstadt-Weiher 2018, ISBN 978-3-95505-087-0 .

Web links

Commons : Schwarzwaldhochstraße  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Schwarzwaldhochstraße  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  2. Tourism: wrecking ball instead of silverware: Hotels on the Black Forest Hochstraße
  3. ^ Ernst Kafka: Chronology of the construction of the Black Forest High Road , accessed on October 7, 2012
  4. ^ Dpa: Southwest: Baden-Baden / Freudenstadt: Black Forest High Road is to become a tourist destination again. Badische Zeitung, February 9, 2017, accessed on February 9, 2017 .