Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
|Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta|
Hut in the Sierra Nevada on the way to Ciudad Perdida
|Highest peak||Pico Cristóbal Colón and Pico Simón Bolívar ( )|
|part of||Central Cordillera ( Andes )|
The mountain ranges of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in northern Colombia are geographically an isolated part of the Central Cordillera of South America . Its and thus Colombia's highest peaks are the Pico Cristóbal Colón and the Pico Simón Bolívar, each with 5775 m . The peaks are only 45 km from the Caribbean coast. This makes the mountain range the highest coastal mountain range in the world.
Four different Indian tribes still live in the valleys of the Sierra Nevada, the Kogi , the Arhuaco (also called Ika ), the Wiwa and the Asario (also called Sánha ). In total, an estimated 20,000 members of indigenous peoples inhabit the Sierra, whose traditional way of life and natural habitats are increasingly threatened.
In the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta there are some endemic, that is, animal species that only occur there. These include the Santa Marta capuchin monkey ( Cebus malitiosus ), the Santa Marta elf ( Chaetocercus astreans ), the Santa Marta wren ( Troglodytes monticola ) and the Santa Marta screech owl ( Megascops gilesi ).
In the 1970s, the Sierra became known as the main growing area for marijuana , with coca growing later becoming dominant. The isolated areas of the Sierra were previously controlled by the FARC guerrilla movement and the paramilitaries of the local drug dealer and landowner Hernán Giraldo .
The demobilization of hundreds of FARC guerrillas , who ruled some of the most remote areas in the country like the Sierra for more than 50 years, opened the door to a boom in tourism since the 2016 peace deal with the government . After the hydrocarbon sector and the displacement of industries like coffee , tourism has become the second most important source of foreign currency for the population.
- Ciudad Perdida - rediscovered pre-Columbian city in the middle of the Sierra
- ELN kidnapping case related to the human rights situation in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta
- Alexandra Endres: Arhuaco: Preserve creation! Die Zeit , September 6, 2017
- Astrid Ulloa Cubillos: Protest 2.0: Indigenous Peoples, Representation and Technology in Colombia Humboldt , June 2012
- Mirjam Gehrke: Human rights violations by coal mining Deutsche Welle , November 20, 2008
- La historia de Hernán "Taladro" Giraldo, el mayor depredador sexual de Colombia, y el debate sobre cómo juzgar los crímenes de guerra infobae.com, accessed on May 7, 2019
- Los paradisíacos paisajes que las FARC tenía secuestrados generan un boom turístico en Colombia infobae.com, accessed on May 7, 2019