Calendar overview 1295
|Piast Przemysław II as the fourth Polish king ends the phase of senior ducal dignity in the country and ensures the strengthening of the central power in Poland .|
|1295 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||743/744 (turn of the year July)|
|Buddhist calendar||1838/39 (southern Buddhism); 1837/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||657/658 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||694/695 (New Year 9/10 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5055/56 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1605/06 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1606/07 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1351/52 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- March 10th : Brissa de Toppo , the Bishop of Trieste , renounces the episcopal supervision of the MPs of the citizens of Trieste . The city thus becomes a free commune .
- August 18th : Matteo I. Visconti becomes ruler of Milan after the death of his uncle Ottone Visconti .
- On behalf of King Wenceslas II. Of Bohemia is Pilsen as a royal city built. The new city is located on the Úslava about ten kilometers downstream from the previous regional administrative center, which will later be named Old Pilsen .
- October 23 : A treaty is signed in Paris which is the Auld Alliance 's first written testimony . Kings John Balliol and Philip IV reaffirm the alliance between Scotland and France .
- Wilhelm von Nogaret becomes a close confidante and influential advisor to the French king.
- June 24th : The Peace of Anagni regulated the balance of power in southern Italy and the western Mediterranean. In addition to Pope Boniface VIII and the Roman Curia, those involved include King James II of Aragon , King Philip IV of France and Charles II of Naples . James II of Aragon renounces the Kingdom of Sicily and hands it over to the papal authority. For this, his church sentences are lifted and the transfer of his claims to power in Aragón to his cousin Charles I of Valois is reversed. For the renunciation of Sicily he also receives the promise to be invested with the kingdoms of Corsica and Sardinia , which are however still in the hands of the Republic of Genoa . In order to make the contract permanent, Jacob II marries Blanche of Anjou , the daughter of his former opponent Charles II of Anjou-Naples, and supports him against his own brother Frederick II in an attempt to recapture the Kingdom of Sicily.
- July 22nd : Curzola War : A Venetian fleet appears in front of Constantinople and destroys Genoese homes in the Galata district .
- June 26th : The coronation of the Piast Przemysław II as the fourth Polish king ends the phase of senior ducal dignity in the country and ensures the strengthening of the central power. Archbishop Jakub Świnka crowns the previous Duke of Greater Poland and Pomerania .
- May: Gaichatu , ruler of the Mongol Ilkhan in Iran , is overthrown and murdered by his cousin Baidu in a palace conspiracy .
- October 5 : Baidu, who shows strong sympathy for Christianity, is overthrown and executed by his cousin Ghazan, who has converted to Islam, after only five months of reign . The highly educated new ruler begins an extensive reform program.
Voyages of discovery
City rights and first documentary mentions
- December 29th : The German King Adolf von Nassau gives Weilburg city rights based on the Frankfurt model.
- To finance his wars (especially against England ), Philip IV of France began to put the coins out of circulation and to have them exchanged for new, poorer ones with a lower silver and gold content. The profit made in this way benefits the royal treasury.
- The citizens of the newly founded city of Pilsen receive brewing rights .
- around 1295: Multi-storey stone houses in western and southern German cities. The German community center is narrow and deep for reasons of space (hall and workshop on the ground floor, two rooms on the upper floor, cooking facilities in between) ( stone , cultural timetable ).
- from 1295: Dante holds political offices.
- July 3 : Agnes Countess of Württemberg , eldest daughter of Ulrich I , called the founder , Count of Württemberg and Mechthild of Baden , marries Count Kraft I of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim .
- Aegidius Romanus becomes Archbishop of Bourges .
- The Franciscan spirituality Angelus Clarenus , who founded a monastic community committed to poverty , flees to Greece with his brothers before Pope Boniface VIII .
nature and environment
- Germany: hot and dry summer
Date of birth saved
- March 21 : Heinrich Seuse , German mystic († 1366 )
- September 16 : Elizabeth de Clare , English nobleman († 1360 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Blanka of Burgundy , Queen of France († 1326 )
- Demetrios Palaiologos , Byzantine prince, governor and illuminator († after 1343)
- Guillaume de Digulleville , monk and poet († after 1358)
- John IV , Duke of Brittany († 1345 )
- Joan of Flanders , Duchess of Brittany († 1374 )
- Odo IV , Duke of Burgundy († 1350 )
- Takatsukasa Fuyunori , Japanese nobleman († 1337 )
Born around 1295
Date of death secured
- January 2 : Agnes of Baden-Austria , Duchess of Carinthia and Countess of Heunburg (* 1250 )
- February 14 : Rudolf II , Margrave of Baden
- April 10 : Baldwin of Avesnes , French nobleman and chronicler (* 1219 )
- April 25 : Sancho IV. , King of Leon and Castile (* 1257 / 1258 )
- April 27 : John de Vescy , English knight and civil servant (* after 1265)
- May 28 : Konrad II , Bishop of Minden
- August 1st : Pietro Peregrossi , Cardinal of the Catholic Church (* 1220 )
- August 8 : Ottone Visconti , founder of the power of the Visconti family in Milan and Lombardy (* 1207 )
- August 13th : Heinrich von Brettach , German knight
- August 19 : Karl Martell , titular king of Hungary (* 1271 )
- September 2nd : Christian von Mühlhausen , Prince-Bishop of Samland and Auxiliary Bishop of Mainz
- September 8 : Fenena of Kujawia , Queen of Hungary (* 1276 )
- October 5th : Baidu , ruler of the Ilkhan in Iran
- October 30th : Meinhard II , Count of Tyrol, Count of Gorizia and Duke of Carinthia (* around 1239 )
- December 7th : Gilbert de Clare , English magnate (* 1243 )
- December 20 : Margaret of Provence , Queen of France (* 1221 )
- December 21 : Erich von Brandenburg , Archbishop of Magdeburg (* around 1245 )
Exact date of death unknown
- October: Thomas de Turberville , English knight
- before November 12: Nicholas Seagrave , English rebel, nobleman and military man (* around 1238 )
- Abu Hafs Umar I , Caliph of the Hafsids
- Barnim II , Duke of Pomerania (* around 1275 )
- Gaichatu , ruler of the Ilkhan people in Iran
- Konrad von Wurmlingen , canon of the St. Martin monastery in Sindelfingen
- Kuna of Zbraslav and City of Art , Moravian nobleman
- Maelgwn ap Rhys , Welsh rebel leader
- Mangold von Veringen , Abbot of Reichenau
- Conrad von Rosdorf , provost of the monastery church of St. Alexandri in Einbeck (* around 1230 )
- Heinrich von Trevejach , Bishop of Brixen
- Yeshe Rinchen , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1249 )