Calendar overview 1305
|Clement V in Lyon.|
|1305 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||753/754 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||7. Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 6. Pipes - Chicuace Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1848/49 (southern Buddhism); 1847/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||667/668 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||704/705 (turn of the year 23/24 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5065/66 (September 19-20)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1615/16 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1616/17 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1361/62|
Politics and world events
Pope election Clement V.
- June 5 : Bertrand de Got is elected Pope after a nine-month conclave in Perugia . The former Archbishop of Bordeaux , of a friendship for at this time the French king Philip IV. The Fair has built up, takes the name of Clement V to.
- November 14 : At his own request, Clement V does not travel to Rome , but is crowned Pope in Lyon in the presence of the French king.
- April 2 : The future French King Louis X becomes King of Navarre and Count of Champagne after the death of his 32-year-old mother Johanna I at the age of 15 .
- June 23rd : In the Treaty of Athis-sur-Orge , Flanders has to submit to the French King Philip the Fair . The treaty stipulates that the cities of Lille , Douai and Béthune will go to the French crown and that Flanders will be assured of its independence as a French fiefdom in return .
- July: Robert III, who is in French captivity . may now return home and become Duke of Flanders .
- 14 November : Arthur II becomes Duke of Brittany and Count of Penthièvre after the death of his father John II .
Central and Eastern Europe
- April 30th : The Byzantine Emperor Andronikos II has his mercenary leader Roger de Flor murdered in Adrianople .
- June 21 : After the death of his father Wenceslaus II , Wenceslaus III reunites . for a short time the three crowns of Bohemia , Poland and Hungary .
- October 11 : Otto III, Duke of (Lower) Bavaria , is crowned King of Hungary.
Scottish War of Independence
- August 5th : William Wallace , leader of the Scottish popular uprising , is captured by the English in Robroyston, near Glasgow , after being betrayed for a heavy reward from Sir John de Menteith, lord of Dumbarton Castle . Shortly afterwards, he is tied to a horse and taken on a two-week trip to London. There he is charged with high treason and sentenced to death by hanging, disembowelling and quartering because he refuses to swear allegiance to King Edward I of England . The execution takes place on August 23rd and lasts for several hours.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- The city of Krems is on June 24th by Duke Rudolf III. awarded the city charter.
- Bräunlingen and Heiligenhafen receive city rights.
- Blumenstein and Oberdorf are first mentioned in a document.
Religion and society
- May 17th : Konrad II von Pfeffenhausen dies. His successor as Bishop of Eichstaett is John I of Zurich , Chancellor and protégé of King I. Albrecht elected.
- Henry III. von Anhalt succeeds Burchard II von Blankenburg, who died in spring, as Archbishop of Magdeburg .
- July 26 : Solomon Adret , the rabbi of Barcelona , threatens every member of the Jewish community who is under 25 years old and studies the works of the Greeks on science or metaphysics, be it in the original language or in a translation.
- February 20 : The 40 meter high Subiaco dam, dating from the time of Emperor Claudius (41–54), collapses in Lazio and causes a severe flood.
Date of birth saved
- June 2 : Abu Sa'id , Ilkhan of Persia († 1335 )
- September 29 : Heinrich XIV. , Duke of Bavaria († 1339 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Ashikaga Takauji , Japanese shogun and founder of the Ashikaga shogunate († 1358 )
- Konrad von Bärenfels , Mayor of Basel († 1372)
- Beatrix of Luxembourg , Queen of Hungary, Croatia and Dalmatia († 1319 )
- Blanche of Lancaster , English noblewoman († 1380 )
- Peter II , King of Sicily († 1342 )
- Charles of Évreux , Count of Étampes († 1336 )
- Ludwig the Junker , Hessian nobleman († 1345 )
- Elisabeth of Poland , Queen of Hungary († 1380 )
Born around 1305
Date of death secured
- February 25 : Gerhard II of Eppstein , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (* around 1230 )
- March 1 : Blanche of France , Duchess of Austria and Styria (* around 1280 )
- March 7th : Guido I , Count of Flanders (* around 1226 )
- March 25th : Otto III. , Count of Ravensberg (* around 1246 )
- April 2 : Joan I , Queen of France and Navarre, Countess of Champagne (* 1273 )
- April 30 : Roger de Flor , military adventurer (* 1266 )
- 23 August : William Wallace , Scottish freedom hero (* 1270 )
- September 10th : Nikolaus von Tolentino , Italian monk and preacher (* around 1245 )
- September 24th : Walter Winterburn , Cardinal of the Catholic Church (* around 1225 )
- September 27th : Agnes von Württemberg , Countess von Oettingen and Truhendingen
- October 4th : Dietrich VI./VIII. , Count of Kleve (* around 1256/57)
- October 4th : Kameyama , Tennō of Japan (* 1249 )
- October 9 : Robert de Pontigny , Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- November 14th : John II , Duke of Brittany and Count of Richmond (* 1239 )
- November 15th : Volker von Fulach , abbot at Wettingen monastery
- December 25 : Verde di Salizzole , Italian nobles (* around 1248 )
Exact date of death unknown
- April 27 or May 18 : Burchard II of Blankenburg , Archbishop of Magdeburg
- before September: Gartnai , Scottish nobleman (* after 1266 )
- November: Otto I. , Count of Waldeck
- Johann von Sierck , Bishop of Utrecht and Bishop of Toul
- Mathieu IV. De Montmorency , Lord of Montmorency
- Mosche de Leon , Kabbalist
- Konrad Poll , first officially mentioned mayor of Vienna (* around 1240 )
- Qian Xuan , Chinese painter and poet (* around 1235 )
- Rinchen Gyeltshen , imperial teacher in China (* 1257 )
- Ruggiero di Lauria , military (* around 1250 )