Calendar overview 1307
|Guillaume de Nogaret arrested all members of the Templar Order in France at the behest of Philip the Fair .|
|1307 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||755/756 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9. Rabbit - Chicuhnahui Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th house - Chicuei Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1850/51 (southern Buddhism); 1849/50 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle
Year of the fire sheep 丁未 ( at the beginning of the year fire horse 丙午)
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||669/670 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||706/707 (turn of the year 2/3 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5067/68 (August 28-29)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1617/18 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1618/19 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1363/64|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- January 18 : King Albrecht I of the House of Habsburg loaned his son Rudolf with Bohemia .
- May 31 : Margrave Friedrich I of Meissen defeats the Roman-German King Albrecht I in the Battle of Lucka .
- August 15 : Heinrich of Carinthia from the Meinhardiner dynasty is elected King of Bohemia after the unexpected death of Rudolf on July 4, against the resistance of the Habsburgs.
- The Habsburg Urbar , a German-language directory of all legal titles that the Habsburgs claim for themselves in their foreland ( Upper Austria , Alsace and Switzerland ), is completed.
- In the summer, a rebellion of the Pomeranian noble family of the Swenzonen begins , who ally with Margrave Waldemar von Brandenburg against the Polish rule of Władysław I. Ellenlang .
- October 13th “Black Friday”: All members of the Templar Order are imprisoned throughout France by Guillaume de Nogaret at the behest of Philip the Fair . The French king immediately moved his court to the Templar castle in Paris and seized the Templars' gold supply. The propaganda campaign of Nogaret and Philip against the Templars began on the afternoon of October 13th.
- July 7th : Edward I dies in England during a campaign against the Scots . His son Edward II succeeds him. One of his first acts as king is to break off the unsuccessful Scottish campaign . The Scots used this to destroy the thin and only in a few areas actually functional English rule structure that Edward I had built up shortly before.
- Abu Thabit Amir becomes Sultan of the Merinids in Morocco . He succeeds his late grandfather Abu Yaqub Yusuf , but cannot build on his successes. So he has to withdraw from the Abdalwadid Empire and lift the long-standing siege of Tlemcen . In addition, violent power struggles break out within the Merinid clan during his reign.
- February 10 : Külüq Khan succeeds Timur Khan as ruler of the Mongols and emperor of the Yuan dynasty in China .
- The Sultanate of the Rum Seljuks , a vassal of the Mongolian Ilchanate for around half a century , is dissolved.
Founding of cities and first mentions in documents
- The cities of Berlin and Cölln join forces on state and defense matters and form a joint council.
- The castle Haneck in Alsace is first mentioned.
- June 1 : Fra Dolcino , the leader of the Northern Italian Brothers of the Apostles , who was captured during a crusade against the sect , is burned at the stake in Vercelli after public torture with a subsequent death sentence .
- After the death of Heinrich III. von Anhalt on November 11th , Burchard III. , Count von Schraplau , elected as his successor as Archbishop of Magdeburg .
- November 22nd : In the Bull Pastoralis praeeminentiae , Pope Clement V calls on the secular rulers in Europe to arrest the members of the Templar Order and to confiscate its property.
- Marino Sanudo the Elder presents the Liber Secretorum Fidelium Crucis to Pope Clement V as a practical handbook for crusaders.
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Johannes von Arderne , English surgeon and proctologist († 1392 )
- Nikolaus von Bismarck , Stendal patrician and councilor († 1377 )
- Alessandra Giliani , first woman to work as an anatomist or pathologist († 1326 )
- Rulman Merswin , merchant and spiritual writer († 1382 )
- Jean de Venette , French poet, historian and chronicler († after 1368 )
Born around 1307
First half of the year
- April 4th : Bartholomäus Querini , Bishop of Castello, Novara and Trento
- April 12 : Humbert I , Seigneur de La Tour-du-Pin and Daupin von Viennois (* around 1240 )
- April 23 : Johanna von England , daughter of Edward I of England (* 1272 )
- April: Konstanze von Staufen , Empress of Byzantium
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Rudolf von Böhmen , Duke of Austria and Styria von and King of Bohemia (* around 1282 )
- July 7th : Edward I , King of England (* 1239 )
- before October 13: Gilbert de Umfraville , English nobleman with Scottish title (* 1244 )
- October 23 : Otto von Rietberg , Bishop of Paderborn
- November 11th : Henry III. von Anhalt , Archbishop of Magdeburg
- November 23 : Diether von Nassau , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1250 )
- December 10th : Dietrich IV. , Margrave of Lusatia (* around 1260 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu Yaqub Yusuf , Sultan of the Merinids in Morocco
- Degenhard von Hellenstein , Bishop of Augsburg
- Fredehelm von Cottbus , German nobleman
- Geoffrey of Langley , English diplomat (* 1243 )
- Gilbert de Clare , Anglo-Irish nobleman (* 1281 )
- Guillaume de Villaret , Grand Master of the Order of St. John
- Hugo II , Count of Blois and Dunois (* 1258 )
- Joan de Munchensi , English nobleman
- Johannes Palaiologos , Byzantine prince and governor (* 1286 )
- Otto IV. , Count of Tecklenburg-Ibbenbüren
- Raimund Berengar VI. , Count of Provence (* 1281 )
- Otto von Wölpe , Provost of Minden (* 1258 )