Humbert I (Viennois)
Humbert I. de La Tour-du-Pin (* around 1240; † April 12, 1307 ) was lord of La Tour-du-Pin before he became Dauphin of Viennois through his marriage . He was the son of Albert III. de la Tour-du-Pin († 1264) and Béatrice de Coligny. His mother was the daughter of Hugues I, lord of Coligny-le-Neuf , and Béatrice d'Albon , daughter of the Dauphine du Viennois of the same name .
He initially embarked on a spiritual career, while his eldest brother Albert IV inherited their lords La Tour-du-Pin and Coligny-le-Neuf after the death of his parents. When Albert IV died childless in 1269, Humbert succeeded him.
In 1273 he married his third cousin, Anna of Burgundy , daughter of Guigues VII († 1269), Dauphin du Viennois. When his brother-in-law Jean I died in 1282 without heirs, Humbert became Dauphin from his wife's right .
Through the inheritance, the Dauphiné and the Barony La Tour-du-Pin were merged, whereby the Dauphin's possession shifted between Savoy and the Bresse , which belongs to Savoy . Count Philip I of Savoy did not want to accept this new situation and in the same year covered his neighbor with war. As was customary at the time, this confrontation was a series of skirmishes that were interrupted to rob the crops and terrorize the residents. The war ended in 1286 with a treaty signed in Paris.
In the same year the castellan of Bellecombe , Aimeric de Briançon , was forced to submit to him by Amadeus V , the new Count of Savoy, which shifted the border between the Savoy and the Dauphiné to the towns of La Buissière and Avalon . Humbert I reacted to the development by offering Aimeric to swap Bellecomte for Varces , which, to the horror of the Count of Savoy, he accepted in 1289.
Amadeus responded to this agreement by destroying Bellecombe, followed by a campaign by the Grésivaudan and the siege of La Terrasse castle , defended by castellan Hugues d'Arces. The attack on the castle failed, Amadeus withdrew, but had given Humbert the time to raise a small army with which he defeated Amadeus in the Servette forest between Barraux and Chapareillan. This war ended in 1293 with the Treaty of Saint-Jean-de-Moirans.
Mainly because of his conflict with the Count of Savoy, Humbert was later excommunicated , but this did not prevent him from entering the Charterhouse of Val Sainte Marie as a monk in 1306, where he died and was buried in 1307.
Humbert had nine children with Anna of Burgundy:
- Jean II (* 1280; † 1319), Dauphin du Viennois
- Hugues († 1329), Baron von Faucigny
- Guigues († 1319), lord of Montauban
- Alix (* 1280; † 1309), ⚭ 1296 Jean I. (* 1275; † 1333), Count of Forez
- Marie ⚭ Aymar de Poitiers-Valentinois ( House Poitiers-Valentinois )
- Marguerite ⚭ 1303 Friedrich I († 1336), Margrave of Saluzzo ( Aleramiden )
- Béatrice (* 1275; † 1347), ⚭ 1312 Hugues de Chalon (* 1288 † 1322), Lord of Arlay ( House Chalon )
- Henri (* 1296; † 1328), Bishop of Passau and Metz
- Catherine († 1337), ⚭ 1312 Philip of Savoy (* 1278; † 1334), Count of Piedmont and Prince of Achaia
In addition, Humbert had at least two illegitimate children.
- Humbert (I) Sire de la Tour-du-Pin at fmg.ac (English)
|Albert IV||Lord of La Tour-du-Pin
Lord of Coligny-le-Neuf
|Anna of Burgundy||
Dauphin of Viennois
(de iure uxoris )
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Humbert I. de La Tour-du-Pin|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Seigneur de La Tour-du-Pin and by marriage Dauphin von Viennois|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1240|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 12, 1307|