1271

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◄◄ | | 1267 | 1268 | 1269 | 1270 | 1271 | 1272 | 1273 | 1274 | 1275 | |►►

Heads of State · Nekrolog

1271
Gregor X.
Teobaldo Visconti is called X. Gregory Pope .
The fighting in the Orient in 1271: Crusaders (green), Mameluks (yellow) and Mongols (red)
The Ninth Crusade reached the Holy Land.
Marco Polo in China (Fig. In the book Il milione, 1298–1299)
Marco Polo leaves for China with his father and uncle.
1271 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 719/720 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1263/64
Buddhist calendar 1814/15 (southern Buddhism); 1813/14 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the metal sheep辛未 ( at the beginning of the year metal horse 庚午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 633/634 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 649/650
Islamic calendar 669/670 (turn of the year August 8/9)
Jewish calendar 5031/32 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 987/988
Malayalam calendar 446/447
Seleucid era Babylon: 1581/82 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1582/83 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1309
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1327/28 (turn of the year April)

Events

Politics and world events

Prince Edward's crusade

Second trip of the polos

After two and a half years of waiting in vain for the election of a new Pope, Niccolò and Matteo Polo decide to go on a second trip east to Great Khan Kublai without a papal blessing . Since Niccolò's wife has died in the meantime, he takes his 17-year-old son Marco with him on the trip. The Polos first stop in Acre and, with the consent of the papal legate Tebaldo Visconti, get some oil from the lamp of Jesus' tomb in Jerusalem . The three Venetians set out for Ayas with a letter from the Cardinal Legate to the Great Khan, confirming the honest efforts of the Polos to fulfill their mandates and justifying their partial failure with the continuing vacancy . On the way they find out that the legate has meanwhile been elected Pope as Gregory X. on September 1st and travel back to Acre at his request. The Holy Father hands them letters to the Great Khan and gives them at least two Dominican brothers named Niccolò da Vicenza and Guglielmo da Tripoli who happen to be in Acre.

Mongol empires

Holy Roman Empire

Depiction of the assassination of Bertho II (by C. Sonnetzer)

France

  • On the return journey from the Seventh Crusade , the heavily pregnant French Queen Isabella of Aragón falls from her horse near Cosenza in Calabria. On January 28, she died of the consequences of this accident and the premature birth that it provoked. The child does not survive. Philip the Bold has a tomb erected for his wife in Cosenza Cathedral.
Coronation of Philip III.

England / Italy

The assassination of Henry of Almain in 1271

City rights and first documentary mentions

economy

science and technology

Culture

Caerphilly Castle

religion

Buddhism

Christianity

Born

Date of birth saved

Codex Manesse: King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

First half of the year

Grave of Walter de la Wyle in Salisbury Cathedral
Philip III and his knights keep vigil on Queen Isabella's deathbed; Representation from the 14th century.

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1271

Web links

Commons : 1271  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files