Kerman (province)

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Bahrain Katar Oman Kuwait Türkei Armenien Aserbaidschan Turkmenistan Afghanistan Pakistan Irak Saudi-Arabien Vereinigte Arabische Emirate Sistan und Belutschistan Süd-Chorasan Kerman (Provinz) Hormozgan Fars Buschehr (Provinz) Yazd (Provinz) Razavi-Chorasan Nord-Chorasan Golestan (Provinz) Māzandarān Semnan (Provinz) Teheran (Provinz) Alborz (Provinz) Ghom (Provinz) Tschahār Mahāl und Bachtiyāri Kohgiluye und Boyer Ahmad Chuzestan Ilam (Provinz) Lorestan Markazi Isfahan (Provinz) Gilan Ardabil (Provinz) Qazvin (Provinz) Hamadan (Provinz) Kermānschāh (Provinz) Kordestān Ost-Aserbaidschan Zandschan (Provinz) West-AserbaidschanLocation of the Kerman Province in Iran
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Location of the Kerman Province in Iran
Basic data
Country Iran
Capital Kerman
surface 180,836 km²
Residents 3,164,718 (2016 census)
density 18 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 IR-15

Coordinates: 29 ° 41 ′  N , 57 ° 17 ′  E

Kerman ( Persian کرمان) is one of the 31 provinces ( Ostan ) of Iran , located in the southeast of the country.

3,164,718 people live in the province (2016 census). The area of ​​the province extends to 180,836 square kilometers. The population density is 18 inhabitants per square kilometer.

The old road from Tehran to Pakistan and Afghanistan runs through Kerman . The Kerman dialect of the Persian language, which is still partly widespread in the region, is difficult to understand for Iranians from Tehran. The Kermanis speak an ancient dialect (as do the people from Yazd , Khorasan , Sistan and Baluchestan or Fars , since the Persian ethnic group is numerous in Iran), which still contains many real Persian terms.


The climate of the sparsely populated province is desert-like with hot, dry summers and cold, dry winters. The capital, like the province, is called Kerman and has 320,000 inhabitants. It lies at an altitude of 1748  m and has a relatively pleasant climate.

The contact region of the Arabian and Eurasian plates runs through Iran . Therefore, Iran is repeatedly the scene of strong earthquakes . The Kerman region in particular will then be severely affected.


The archaeological site of Jiroft is located in Kerman , after which the Jiroft culture is named and dates back to the late 3rd millennium BC. Shows. The Kerman region appears later in the Achaemenids as a satrapy Carmania ( ancient Greek Καρμανία , Latin Carmania ) on.

The medieval province of Kerman had access to the Persian Gulf or the Arabian Sea and together with Hormozgan was the core of the empires of the Kerman- Bujids (10th / 11th century), the Kerman-Seljuks (11th / 12th century) and also of the last Zand princes of modern times (18th century).


Medieval ice house yacht scarf near Kerman
Arg-e Bam before the 2003 earthquake

Large parts of Iran are considered to be earthquake-prone (see Iranian plate ).

Heavy earthquakes occurred in 1981, in June at Golbaf with a magnitude of 6.9 and in July with Sirj and Shahdad with a magnitude of 7.3.

On December 26, 2003, an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.6 struck around 250 kilometers southeast of Sarand near the city of Bam, killing at least 26,000 people. In the summer of 2004 there was another, but lighter, earthquake in the region.

On February 22, 2005, a severe earthquake occurred at around 5:55 a.m. About 30,000 people in 40 villages were affected. Most of the buildings in the poor, sparsely populated region are made of adobe bricks and can hardly withstand earthquakes.

See also

  • Jiroft , archaeological site
  • Maymand , historic cave village, 2015 World Heritage Site

Web links

Commons : Kerman Province  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. City Population: Iran - Cities and Provinces .