|Residents||768,898 (2016 census)|
|density||5.1 inhabitants per km²|
South Khorasan ( Persian خراسان جنوبی, DMG Ḫorāsān-i Ǧonūbī ), formerly Ghahestan / Kuhestan ("mountainous country") / Birdschand is an Iranian province in the Khorasan region . The capital is Birdschand .
768,898 people live in the province (2016 census). The area of the province extends to 151,913 square kilometers. The population density is 5 people per square kilometer.
The province is located in the east of the country on the border with Afghanistan , where the former capital Herat can be found. Major cities in the province are Sarayan, Khusf, Asdihe, Ajsak, Sse Ghal'eh, Sarbischeh, Nahbandan, Schussf and Gha'en.
The fruit tree that originates from this region and has become famous is the Anaab . The sensitive tree has so far only grown here - with a few rare exceptions. The fruits look like small apples, which are very tasty both dried and fresh.
South Khorasan is divided into seven districts:
Until 2004, the South Khorasan Province was temporarily part of the former Khorasan Province .
The population is made up of Persians , Khorasan Turks, Mongols , Arabs and Kurds . There are also many Afghans. The Afghans have lived there for decades. They are mostly ethnically Persian and belong to Shiite Islam. You have come to terms with the local population. Many Afghans are also Iranian citizens.
Due to its eventful and exciting history, South Khorasan is now a multi-ethnic and multi-denominational region. The distinction between the various ethnic groups is, with very few exceptions, of a linguistic nature, as distinctions based on ethnic criteria are hardly possible.
The largest population group in South Khorasan are the speakers of Iranian languages, mainly Persian and Pashto , with Persian being the dominant language numerically as well as historically and culturally. The speakers of Central Asian Mongolian and Turkic languages form a significant minority , of which Uzbek are certainly the most important. There are also smaller communities of Arabs and Kurds .
The Iranian Heritage Organization (ICHO) lists 1,179 places of historical and cultural importance in the three provinces of Khorasan. In South Khorasan these include the following places:
- Ferdows thermal baths
- Nehbandan Citadel
- Citadel Furg
- Villa Kolah Farangi in Birdschand
- Chahr Derakht Mosque
- Amir Abad Garden
- Behgard garden
- Akbariyeh garden
- Chenshat Caves
- The Friday Mosque in Birdschand
- Citadel Ghal'eh Paeen-Schahr
- Imamzadeh Mosa
- Alam palace
- Deragon Caves in Sarayan
- Ghaleh Ghala Castle in Sarayan
- University of Birjand
- Birjand University of Medical Sciences
- Islamic Azad University of Birjand
- Islamic Azad University of Ferdows
- City Population: Iran - Cities and Provinces .