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Jiroft (Iran)
Basic data
Country: IranIran Iran
Province : Kerman Province
Coordinates : 28 ° 40 ′  N , 57 ° 44 ′  E Coordinates: 28 ° 40 ′  N , 57 ° 44 ′  E
Height : 650  m
Residents : 121.504 ()
Time zone : UTC +3: 30

Jiroft (or Jiroft , Persian جیرفت) is a city in the Iranian province of Kerman . It is located 230 km south of the city of Kerman and 1375 km south of Tehran . The population is 209,746. In earlier times the name Sabzewaran was also used . The fact that the surrounding area is very fertile has made it famous as Hend-e Kutschek (Little India).

Jiroft lies on a large plain, the Halil Rud , on the southern foothills of the Bariz mountain range and is surrounded by two rivers. The mean height of the city is 650 m above sea level.

The climate is very hot in summer and moderate in winter. Only in the higher regions of the Bariz Mountains does it get cold.

Archeology in Jiroft

Stone weight, Jiroft (3rd millennium BC), Azerbaijan Museum

Jiroft has recently become better known among archaeologists when the Iranian cultural organization announced that they had discovered the remains of a millennia-old city or kingdom near Jiroft. A predecessor town of Dschiroft is being explored on an excavation site only one kilometer from today's center. The Iranian experts already speak of the Jiroft culture , which was a link between the Indus culture and ancient Sumer in the 3rd millennium BC. Represents. Some see it as the mythical Aratta , the city of origin of the Sumerians mentioned in the cuneiform texts because of the ceramics found situation .

The discovery of a cave above the city, which contained the remains of people from the Stone Age, supposedly plant-eating people, provided a new highlight in research for the region. The site is now known as Pid-Nekoupieh .

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated December 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Population extrapolated in 2012 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / bevoelkerungsstatistik.de
  2. ^ Matthias Schulz: Forgotten Message. In: Der Spiegel . Hamburg 2010, 3, p. 105 f. ISSN  0038-7452