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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Copy of the Magna Charta from 1215
The English King Johann Ohneland signs the Magna Charta at Runnymede after the uprising of the barons .
1215 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 663/664 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1207/08
Buddhist calendar 1758/59 (southern Buddhism); 1757/58 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 65th (66th) cycle

Year of the wood pig乙亥 ( at the beginning of the year wood dog 甲戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 577/578 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 593/594
Islamic calendar 611/612 (turn of the year May 1st / 2nd)
Jewish calendar 4975/76 (August 26-27)
Coptic calendar 931/932
Malayalam calendar 390/391
Seleucid era Babylon: 1525/26 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1526/27 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1253
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1271/72 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Depiction of the siege of Beijing in Jami 'at-tawarich

Kingdom of England

Hugo von Boves drowns on the Suffolk coast, depiction from the Chronica Majora of Matthew Paris
The Keep of Rochester Castle
  • September: Troops under the command of Hugo von Boves , who Johann wants to bring from Flanders to England for reinforcement, get caught in a storm on the canal. Numerous ships sink and the crews are killed. The rebels take advantage of this weakness of the king. You turn to the French King Philip II and offer his son Ludwig the English crown. In an advance from London they occupy Rochester Castle , the most powerful castle in Kent after Dover Castle . Reginald of Cornhill , once a loyal follower of the king, opens the gates to them.
  • November 30th : Johann Ohneland recaptures Rochester Castle.
  • End of November: The vanguard of a French invading army under the command of Crown Prince Ludwig lands in southern England.
  • Beginning of December: A delegation of 25 barons hands over Northumberland , Cumberland and Westmorland to the Scottish King Alexander II. In Wales , Llywelyn unites seven other Welsh princes from Iorwerth and can thus conquer large parts of South Wales with seven castles, including Cardigan, in three weeks and Carmarthen Castle .

Albigensian Crusade

Holy Roman Empire


Crusader States

The Despotate Epirus 1205-1230

City rights and first documentary mentions

Culture and society

Karlsschrein in Aachen Cathedral


Fourth Lateran Council

Fourth Lateran Council



Date of birth saved

Kublai Khan

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1215


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1215  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files